Presentation on theme: "Presentation by K M Amanulla Former Director of Factories & Boilers, Kerala & Convener – Safety, Health & Environment Cell, KSPC Two day work shop on TRANSPORTATION."— Presentation transcript:
Presentation by K M Amanulla Former Director of Factories & Boilers, Kerala & Convener – Safety, Health & Environment Cell, KSPC Two day work shop on TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS Under Chemical Disaster Management at Mascot Hotel, Thiruvananthapuram on 24th and 25th November, 2010
Need for Hazardous Chemical Transportation Manufactured at certain locations – used at several locations Pipeline transport not possible for several such chemicals Rail transport limited to bulk petroleum products or from ports – gradual shift towards pipeline transport Road transport only means for long distance transportation of several Hazchems
Factors Contributing Hazardous Chemical Transport Shift from Agri economy to manufacturing base and then to service oriented Industrial policy – encouragement for producing locally R& D contribution – Pharmaceuticals, specialty chemicals, etc. Bulk imports through marine tankers - onwards transport by road carriers Major Accident Hazard Units Involved in manufacture, storage or import of hazardous chemicals in excess of the specified threshold planning quantities (MSIHC Rules)
Need for Hazardous Chemical Legislations 20% of the chemical accidents during transportation 50% of LPG Accidents happen during transportation Estimated Value of Social Cost of Road Accidents per year – Rs. 2 Lac Crores Damage to : Life, Property, Environment & Companys Reputation Photo Gallery
International Legislations Road Transport Reform (Dangerous Goods) Act 1995 and the Road Transport Reform (Dangerous Goods) Regulations 1997 of Australia Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 and the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations of Canada The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004 ('Carriage Regulations') of UK Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (49 CFR Parts 390-397) of USA
International Legislations United Nations Economic and Social Council's Committee of Experts have developed recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG) known as the 'Orange Book'. Compiled in the form of Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods They present a basic scheme of provisions that allows uniform development of national and international regulations governing the various modes of transport. Have no legal force in themselves unless the recommendations are adopted into modal (mode-specific) agreements or domestic legislation. The Model Regulations cover principles of classification and definition of classes, listing of the principal dangerous goods, general packing requirements, testing procedures, marking, labelling and transport documents. Many of the developed countries have harmonized their legislation as per UN recommendations on TDG and are regularly updating them by amendments.
1.The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 The Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989 2.The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, amended 1991 Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989 amended 2000 Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996 3.Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 amended 1992 Public Liability Insurance Rules, 1991 amended 1993 4.The Petroleum Act, 1934 The Petroleum Rules, 2002 5.The Explosives Act, 1884 The Explosives Rules, 1983 The Gas Cylinder Rules, 2004 The Static and Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 1981