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William OSullivan, Director Division of Air Quality NJ Department of Environmental Protection 1.

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Presentation on theme: "William OSullivan, Director Division of Air Quality NJ Department of Environmental Protection 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 William OSullivan, Director Division of Air Quality NJ Department of Environmental Protection 1





6 Origin of Air Pollution Control Requirements 1.Federal Clean Air Act – Unlikely to change soon 2.Federal EPA rules – many in progress, some delayed 3.States – primary responsibility for attaining health standards 4.Regional Strategies – Needed for regional problems – Ozone Transport Commission (Example) – State Rules still needed – Interstate transport of Air Pollution – significant impacts on health exceedances are prohibited 5.Local governments/Communities – More involvement – Cumulative impacts and EJ 6


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11 Recent Successes 1.Much lower Fine Particles – Well below current NAAQS 2.Lower Ozone – At 85 ppb NAAQS 3.Declining Air Toxics Levels 11

12 Challenges 1.Fine Particles - continue improvement – Avoid nonattainment of lower NAAQS (Scheduled December 2012) 2.Ozone – exceeds 75 ppb ozone NAAQS – 2015 attainment deadline for 75ppb NAAQS – Could exceed 85ppb NAAQS with hot summers (Did in 2012) – New NAAQS (60 to 70ppb) expected in 2014 3.Air Toxics – Risks still high – Primarily Motor Vehicles – Diesel Dominates Risk – Cumulative Risk – Disproportionate Risk - EJ 12


14 Focus on Particles 1.Clean Data Determinations - Air Quality now better than current NAAQS 2.Attainment Designations in progress – need to demonstrate maintenance of the NAAQS (10 years) 3. PM offsets - continue until redesignation - interpollutant offsets possible 4.New NAAQS – December 2012 EPA commitment 5.Need to continue fine particle downward trend – to avoid exceedances of new NAAQS 14

15 New Jerseys Multi-State PM 2.5 Nonattainment Areas 15

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19 Wood Smoke 1.Primary Cause of Nonattainment in Rural States 2.Growing Air Quality Problem in Northeast 3.Outdoor Wood Burners Neighborhood Nuisance NJDEP Enforcement – No visible smoke standard 4.Wood Stoves Draft Federal standards for new stoves Will not solve misuse Will not address existing stoves 5.NJ Suburbs and Rural Areas Future exceedances of health standards? No burn days? Woodstove changeout Programs? 19


21 21 Sulfur Dioxide 1.Criteria Pollutant – Health and Welfare NAAQS 2.Converts to Sulfates – Major component of Fine Particles (Precursor) 3.Causes haze – Brigantine Wildlife Refuge (Class 1 area for visibility) 4.Causes acid rain – kills fish, damages plants and structures

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23 Sulfur Dioxide 1.NJ Dominated by Coal in 2009 (10 units) 4 Units – had scrubbers prior to 2009 (1 will cease coal use in 2015) 2 Units – ceased coal use in 2010 3 Units – scrubbers operational in 2010 1 Unit – will cease coal use in 2013 2.NJ Sulfur in Home Heating Oil Limits 2000 ppm now 500 ppm in 2014 15 ppm in 2016 3.Diesel – EPA Rules 15 ppm phased in over last 5 years Result – Dramatic decrease in S0 2 and sulfates Challenge – Coal in other states 23

24 Out of State Powerplants 1.EPA Prevention of Significant Deterioration Cases Air Pollution Control Technology Focus Seek Best Available Control Technology Examples – Ohio Edison, Homer City, Allegheny, GenOn 2.Clean Air Act Section 126 Petitions Health Standard focus Seek emission reduction sufficient to avoid exceedances of health standard GenOn Portland example 3.EPA Mercury and Air Toxics (MAT) Rules Indirectly controls SO 2 4.EPA Cross State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) – Court Overturned SO 2 – generally effective caps NOx – not sufficient for 75 ppb ozone 24


26 Pollutant Max. Allowable Emissions (lbs/hr)Normalized Max. Allowable Emissions (lbs/MWhr) Portland Coal Units NEC Gas Turbines Portland Coal Units NEC Gas Turbines Sulfur Dioxide14,7205.636.800.009 Nitrogen Oxides2,07033.65.180.051 Particulate (TSP)416.915.81.040.024 Table 1 Comparison of Allowable Short-Term Emissions between the 400 MW Coal-Fired Portland Power Plant and the Proposed 655 MW Natural Gas Fired Newark Energy Center Pollutant Portland Coal Units 2007-2010 Actual Annual Emissions (tons per year) NEC Gas Turbines Allowable (tons per year) Sulfur Dioxide29,06719.7 Nitrogen Oxides3,321136.9 Particulate (TSP)295.557.27 26


28 28 NJ Ozone Nonattainment

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36 36 OTC States

37 Ozone Transport Commission (OTC) Regional Control Strategies NO x Sources: Model Rules/MOUs: 1. 1.EGUs (Oil and Gas-fired Boilers)* 2. 2.High Electric Demand Day (HEDD) Turbines* 3. 3.New Small Boilers 4. 4.Stationary Generators Draft Model Rules: 5.Non-Road Equipment Idling* 6.Natural Gas Compressor Stations Categories Under Review: 7. Municipal Waste Incinerators 8.Promote Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy 9.Coal-fired Boilers (EPA) VOC Sources: Model Rules/MOUs: 1. 1.Large VOC Stationary Storage Tanks* 2. 2.Autobody Refinishing 3. 3.Consumer Products 4. 4.Architectural/Industrial Coatings Draft Model Rules: 5. 5.Solvent Cleaning (Industrial/Commercial) 6. 6.Paint Thinners (Consumer) Category Under Review: 7.Stage 1 and 2 Vapor Recovery *Existing NJ Rule Equivalent to Model Already Adopted

38 Mobile Sources Significant contributors to Ozone, Toxics, PM2.5, GHG 38


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44 Diesel Emission Reduction Efforts 1.Mandatory Retrofit Law In last phase – DPWs and miscellaneous on and off-road public diesel vehicles 2.Private off-road construction vehicles Implementing EO60 175 vehicle pilot program Retrofits of certain engines used on state contracts 3.Ports Trucks, ships, cargo handlers, cranes, trains, tugs NJ NY Port Authority diesel emission reduction plan Other ports also reducing emission (Camden, other states) EPA 2015 sulfur limit for oil used by ships 4.Diesel I/M Program 44

45 Continued – Diesel Emission Reduction Efforts 4. Stationary diesels NOx RACT Rules Cancer risk management with construction permits Model fine particles and NO 2 NAAQS 5.Emergency Electricity Diesels Limited to blackouts and brownouts Can be used for peaking or DSM only if well controlled (NOx and PM) 45

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49 Summary Where Do Emissions Need to Decrease? 1.Ozone Vehicles – VOC & NOx Area Sources - VOC Point Sources – Out of State NOx 2.Particles Wood Smoke Diesel Engines – Especially NonRoad Area Sources – Small Engines Out of State S0 2 and PM 3.Air Toxics Diesels Small Neighborhood Sources Dry Cleaners Autobody Repair/Painting Gasoline New Vehicles Maintain Existing Vehicles 49

50 50 Division of Air Quality Website: (links to programs, regulations and other topics found here) Air Quality Permitting Program: (applications, forms, testing information, etc.) Bureau of Air Quality Planning: (State Implementation Plans (SIPs), inventory, etc.) Bureau of Air Monitoring: (monitoring data, NJ air quality forecast) Bureau of Mobile Sources: USEPA Greenbook for Nonattainment areas: (nationwide information on nonattainment areas and classifications for criteria pollutants) USEPA State Implementation Plan Status and information: ISG notices come out on AQPP Listserv. Subscribing to Listserv can be found at : AirNow: (air quality forecasts)

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