2IntroductionParticulate Collection Device used in industries to minimize air pollution.Principle of operation Electrostatic attraction.Efficiency of 99% in many industries.Can handle large gas volumes with a wide range of inlet temperatures, pressures, dust volumes, and acid gas conditions .Can collect particles of varying sizes in dry and wet states .
3Theory of Precipitation: Theory of PrecipitationCharging, Collecting & Rapping.Particle charging Discharge & Collection ElectrodesCorona Discharge Avalanche MultiplicationIonization of gas moleculesParticle CollectionParticle Removal
15Conveyors: Pneumatic conveyor for transporting dust from ESP Drag conveyorScrew conveyor
16Types of Electrostatic Precipitators *Tubular Precipitators*Plate Precipitators
17Cold-side ESPs Cold side ESPs 1) volume of flue gas that is handled is less2) less costly3) overall size of the unit is smaller4) used to remove fly ash from boilers that burn high sulfur coal
18Hot Side ESPs *used in high-temperature applications (Cement kiln) *the gas volume treated in the ESP is larger*the overall size of the precipitator is larger making it more costly*structural and mechanical problems occur in the precipitator shell
19Wet Side ESPs*Wet ESPs are used for industrial applications where the potential for explosion is high .*When dust is very sticky, corrosive, or has very high resistivity .*It does not have problems with rapping rentrainment or with back corona .
20Dry Side ESPs *Particles are charged and collected in a dry state . *Dust particles collected are removed by rapping.*Used in steel furnaces, cement kilns and fossil-fuel-fired boilers.
21ConclusionAll ESPs, no matter how they are grouped, have similar components and operate by charging particles or liquid aerosols, collecting them, and finally removing them from the ESP before ultimate disposal in a landfill or reuse in the industrial process.The precipitator should be designed to provide easy access to strategic points of the collector for internal inspection of electrode alignment, for maintenance, and for cleaning electrodes, hoppers, and connecting flues during outages.