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By Engr. Faiz Mohammad Bhutta General Manager Business Development Izhar Energy Services ( Pvt) Ltd Izhar Group of Companies ( Member International Solar.

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Presentation on theme: "By Engr. Faiz Mohammad Bhutta General Manager Business Development Izhar Energy Services ( Pvt) Ltd Izhar Group of Companies ( Member International Solar."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Engr. Faiz Mohammad Bhutta General Manager Business Development Izhar Energy Services ( Pvt) Ltd Izhar Group of Companies ( Member International Solar Energy Society Germany, Chapter Chairman Renewable Energy Association of Pakistan, Member ASHARE USA, Member HVACR Society, Member IEP, Member IEEEP, Member PEC) SOLAR ENERGY APPLICATIONS IN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL SECTORS AND BARRIERS IN ITS GROWTH

2 CONTENTS SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY SOLAR LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY SOLAR PUMPING TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS OF

3 SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY SOLAR WATER HEATING SOLAR INDUSTRIAL PROCESS HEAT SOLAR THERMAL POWER GENERATION SOLAR TEHRMAL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS CONVERSION OF SOLAR RADIATIONS INTO HEAT OR TEHRMAL ENERGY

4 SOLAR THERMAL APPLICATIONS Hot water usage for bathing, washing and Laundry Pre-heat for Boilers Swimming pool water heating Space Heating for commercial buildings Solar Steam Generation for Industrial Process Degreasing and phosphating in metal finishing industry Solar Drying in food, wood, Leather

5 SOLAR THERMAL COLLECTORS Vacuum Tubes Concentrated TowerConcentrated ParabolicConcentrated Dish 1000 C 400 C CSP will be able to cover 11% of world electrical demand by 2050 Flat Plate High Temperature Solar Collectors 45 to 90 C Low Temperature Solar Collectors

6 Hot water for bathing, washing and Laundry NON-PRESSURIZED SOLAR WATER HEATING Solar fraction: 75% m2 collector area per person Solar fraction 100% -0.9 m2 collector area per person 1 m2 vacuum tube collector = 80 liters storage 1 m2 flat tube collector = 60 ltrs storage

7 Hot water for bathing, washing and Laundry NON-PRESSURIZED SOLAR WATER HEATING

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10 Hot water for bathing, washing and Laundry PRESSURIZED SOLAR WATER HEATING

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14 Solar Pre-heat water for Boiler PRESSURIZED SOLAR WATER HEATING

15 Space heating for commercial buildings

16 AIR BASED HEATING

17 Solar Drying SOLAR KILN

18 Swimming Pool Water Heating

19 Solar swimming Pool at Shapes

20 Solar Steam Generation for industrial process Parabolic Dish Tower CONCENTRATED SOLAR COLLECTORS

21 POWER GENERATION THROUHG SOLAR TEHRMAL

22 Solar Thermal Power Plant 280 MW solar Thermal power plant in Arizona at a cost of $ 1billion supplying powering 80,000 homes. Will be operational in 2013

23 BARRIERS Low customer awareness and Cheating by suppliers Low customer confidence because of new technology Lack of skilled installers Under-designing of system because of lack of knowledge of designers and high prices Lack of policy on bank financing Lack of Subsidies lack of promotion at Government Level

24 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS CONVERSION OF SOLAR RADIATIONS INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY Solar potential is 100,000 MW Deep Cycle Batteries Mountings 40,000 rural villages are without electricity Energy demand is Rising 12% per year And gap is 5000 MW Energy Prices are Rising Solar Panels According to Solar Buzz, 15 GW installation of target was met in 2010.

25 COMPONENTS OF SOLAR PV SYSTEM Solar panels – 50% of cost Controllers ( charge controllers and inverters) Deep Cycle Battery -30% Mounting Cables, thimbles and accessories Ground Mounted Price of system varies as per maximum load in watt, hours of operation and autonomy

26 Comparison of different cell types Cell material Module efficiency Module surface area for 1 kWp Module surface area for 1 MWp Mono-crystalline silicon 11 – 16 %7 – 9 m²7,000 – 9,000 m² Poly-crystalline silicon 10 – 14 %8 – 9 m²8,000 – 9,000 m² Thin film (CIS) 6 – 8 %11 – 13 m²11,000 – 13,000 m² Amorphous silicon 4 – 7%16 – 20 m²16,000 – 20,000 m² 26

27 RADAITON DATA PAKISTAN CITIES Islamabad – Maximum at 30 Degree = 2135 KWhr/m2/year Karachi – Maximum at 30 Degree = 2168 KWHr/me/year Bahawalpur – Maximum at 30 degree = 1981 KWHr/m2/Year D.G.Khan Maximum at 30 degree = 1975 KWhr/m2/year Faislabad Maximum at 30 degree = 1816 Kwhr/m2/year Lahore Maximum at 30 degree = 1806 Kwhr/m2/year Mardan Maximum at 30 degree = 2143 Kwhr/m2/year Multan Maxium at 30 degree = 1961 KWhr/me/year

28 OFF-GRID PV SYSTEM

29 ON-GRID PV SYSTEM

30 Things to consider while purchasing Solar PV system How much watt-hours system will generate per day What is the maximum allowable load to be run by solar How much hours system works if full load is run continuously. What is the reserve hours in case there is no sun Has designer accounted for 1% decrease in Solar Panel output every year. Are solar panels TUV Certified as per IEC standard & For 25 years limited warranty, TUV certification is must. Are Batteries deep cycle Batteries What is the operational life of deep cycle batteries What is the payback time Ask list of REAP certified technicians What is limited warranty.

31 COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS Stand Alone solar System in rural Areas upto 500 W Solar Power Plants from 10 KW to 20 MW Solar Parks upto 20 MW Solar UPS Solar Traffic Signals Lights Power for Remote Security and Surveillance Systems Remote data acquisition and equipment monitoring Power for Telecommunication Towers and BSC and MSC Building Integrated Photovoltaic System Military signaling applications Cathodic Protection of Pipelines Solar water Pumping Commercial Solar Lighting for roads, motorways and parks, Bus stops Solar Lighting for Buildings and Industries

32 STAND ALONE SYSTEM FOR RURAL AREAS UPTO 500 WATTS FOR RURAL AREAS

33 SOLAR PV POWER PLANT 550 MW Desert Sunlight Project in California for 165,000 Homes Under construction at 4100 Acre Land Area

34 SOLAR PARK

35 SOLAR UPS

36 REMOTER TERMINAL UNITS AND SERVIELINCE

37 POWER FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

38 BUILDING INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM (BIPV)

39 MILITARY SIGNALLING SYSTEMS

40 CATHOTIC PROTECTION OF PIPELEINES Cathodic protection is a procedure used to protect an object from corrosion by making it a cathode

41 SOLAR LIGHTING APPLICATIONS Solar Street Lights Solar Flood Lights for Buildings and Fields Solar Parking Lights

42 SOLAR LIGHTING

43 BARRIERS Lack of customer awareness Under-designed systems Lack of designing and installation Skills Lack of standards Lack of Subsidy and bank financing Lack of promotion and will at Government Level Lack of FIT ( Feed in Tariff Policy) Lack of Grid Interconnection Policy Lack of financing for solar Projects

44 SOLAR PUMPING APPLICATIONS Drinking water Live Stock Irrigation Agriculture DC Solar Pumps upto 1000 W AC Solar Pumps upto 50 KW

45 THANKS


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