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NRELs Presenter on Community-scale Biomass Randy Hunsberger

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Presentation on theme: "NRELs Presenter on Community-scale Biomass Randy Hunsberger"— Presentation transcript:

1 NRELs Presenter on Community-scale Biomass Randy Hunsberger

2 Products Fuels Ethanol Biodiesel Green Gasoline & Diesel Power Electricity Heat Chemicals Plastics Solvents Chemical Intermediates Phenolics Adhesives Furfural Fatty Acids Acetic Acid Carbon Black Paints Dyes, Pigments, and Ink Detergents Etc. Food and Feed Combustion Gasification Pyrolysis Co-firing Enzymatic Fermentation Gas/liquid Fermentation Acid Hydrolysis/Fermentation Trans-esterification Range of Bio-Energy Possibilities Trees Grasses Agricultural Crops Residues Animal Wastes Municipal Solid Waste Algae Food Oils, Waste Oils Photos left to right: NREL/PIX 05086, Biomass Feedstock Conversion Process

3 Biomass Siting Factors Project feasibility depends on: Availability and cost of each type of biomass (chips, pellets, or logs) Competing fuel cost (e.g. fuel oil, natural gas, etc.) Peak and annual thermal load Building size and type Space availability Operation and maintenance staff availability and experience Local emissions regulations 3

4 Biomass Resource – GIS Map

5 Whats New? First biomass power plant in Colorado began operations in Gypsum/Eagle Valley 2013 and it cost $56 million. – CPR Article: electricity electricity The beetle kill wood fuel will supply electricity to 10,000 homes. 5

6 Whats Happening? Biomass activity in the Northeast US is strong Wood Stove Decathlon – Alliance for Green Heat hosted the first ever Wood Stove Decathlon on the Washington Mall – 6

7 New Regulations EPA released proposed New Source Performance Standards in January, 2014 – Would apply to new residential biomass heating systems – Final publication in 2015 – Push to add thermal to State RPSs (CO, NM, etc.) Pending federal legislation (S and H.R. 2715) would provide tax incentives for homeowners who purchase qualifying high efficiency biomass heating systems – 7

8 Upcoming meetings, conferences and events 2014 Hearth, Patio, Barbecue Expo Exhibition: March 6-8, 2014 | Education: March 5-8, 2014 | Salt Palace Convention Center | Salt Lake City, Ut Northeast Biomass Heating Expo & Conference April 9-11, 2014 in Portland, ME Mid-Atlantic Biomass Heat & Power Conference April 23-24, 2014, Wyndham Gateway Gettysburg Campus, Gettysburg, PA 8

9 Biomass-energy Projects Model Neighborhood Project Subsidizing the cost to transition from oil heating systems to advanced wood pellet boilers for homeowners in Berlin, NH, and Farmington and Wilton, Maine The Wood to Energy Project Two primary objectives: 1.Provide a complete literature review on the state of the science 2.Develop database of wood-to-energy related industries in the US and Canada 9

10 Installed Systems Data Tracking Site Northern Maine Community College/MFS Provides a list of 24 biomass projects in Maine, as well as capital and fuel costs and savings. 10

11 Useful sites and links USFS Woody Biomass Utilization Site The Woody Biomass Utilization Team is an interdisciplinary team that promotes and facilitates the planning and delivery of an integrated, interdisciplinary approach to the recovery and utilization of woody biomass from ecological restoration and hazardous fuels reduction work. Biomass Energy Resource Center BERC assists communities, colleges and universities, state and local governments, businesses, utilities, schools, and others in making the most of their local biomass energy resources. Biomass Thermal Energy Council BTEC is an association of biomass fuel producers, appliance manufacturers and distributors, supply chain companies and non-profit organizations that view biomass thermal energy as a renewable, responsible, clean and energy-efficient pathway to meeting Americas energy needs. BTEC engages in research, education, and public advocacy for the fast growing biomass thermal energy industry. Pellet Fuels Institute The Pellet Fuels Institute is a non-profit association that serves the pellet industry. Renewable Heat NY New York to Launch Biomass Heating Initiative 11

12 Biomass Energy Biomass heating is a form of renewable energy generation Considered carbon-neutral in the near- term It is a base-load (dispatchable) source of power and heat Intermediate products include pellets and torrefied biomass Industrial boilers can produce 100 to 10,000 boiler horse power (BHP) for: – Steam – Hot water – Thermal oil – Hot gas production Source: NREL/PIX 16161

13 Biomass for Community Reliability and cost of biomass supply is critical Residential and Commercial are proven technologies New, highly-efficient technologies making headway in U.S. and around the world Biomass Heat Exchanger NREL/PIX 03447

14 Types of Biomass Heating Equipment Residential stoves or boilers use chips, pellets, or logs Commercial or institutional heating boilers Industrial 14 NREL/PIX NREL/PIX 19255

15 State Biomass Policy Renewable Portfolio Standards: – 30 states have enacted a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) within which some kind of biomass is eligible. Mostly electric power, but some states include thermal As with biofuels, many biopower incentives have been passed on a state level to encourage biopower production For information on your state:

16 Federal Biomass Policy Relevant Federal Legislation – USDA Farm Bill – Healthy Forests Act (HFRA) – U.S. Energy Initiative – National Energy Policy Act of epact2005.html epact2005.html

17 Biomass Success at Coast Guard Station in Kodiak, AK Wood pellets in Coast Guard boilers are used in place of expensive fuel oil – Source of pellets: wood waste and second-growth trees from Tongass National Forest Benefits – Reduce fuel costs – Improve operations and resiliency – Support energy independence – Foster environmental stewardship 17 Source: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security

18 Levelized Cost of Energy for Biomass The LCOE of biomass-fired power plants ranges from $0.06 to $0.29/kWh – Dependent on capital costs and feedstock costs, where low-cost feed-stocks are available – Dependent on capital costs. If modest, biomass can be a very competitive power generation option – Depending where low-cost agricultural or forestry residues and wastes are available, biomass can often compete with conventional power sources, even where feed stocks are more expensive Even with a large LCOE range, biomass is still more competitive than diesel-fired generation, making biomass an ideal solution for off-grid or mini-grid electricity supply 18 Source: The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

19 Emissions Air emissions from a biomass system depend on: – System design – Fuel characteristics – Operation and maintenance factors This table shows typical emissions for a biomass heating system (based on Chiptec gasifier data) operating on 40% moisture content pine (lb/green ton) ConstituentPM10NOxVOCCO Typical biomass system emissions [lb/green ton burned]

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