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MSW Conversion Technologies: Status in Summer 2012 Presented to the Board of Directors of the Municipal Review Committee, Inc. August 1, 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "MSW Conversion Technologies: Status in Summer 2012 Presented to the Board of Directors of the Municipal Review Committee, Inc. August 1, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 MSW Conversion Technologies: Status in Summer 2012 Presented to the Board of Directors of the Municipal Review Committee, Inc. August 1, 2012

2 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012 Goal: Monitor emerging MSW conversion technologies for consideration after 2018 Objectives: 1. Reduce overall net disposal costs post Match facility scale to available in-state MSW 3. Produce products with more value than electricity 4. Minimize risks of unproven technology 5. Reduce environmental impacts and residuals 2

3 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, 2012 Recent developments Per the Waste Conversion Congress, Philadelphia, June Almost 600 vendors of new MSW technologies 2.New sources of investment capital IT companies entering the green tech space U.S. stimulus programs (DOE, ARRA) 3.First facilities in the commercialization process Demos, pilots and scale-ups now in construction Too soon to get performance, cost or tip fee data 4.No technology has yet emerged as disruptive 3

4 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, ApproachDescription Merchant RDF Produce pelletized fuel for combustion in solid fuel boilers and kilns High-value RDF Convert RDF to liquid or gaseous fuels: ethanol, biodiesel, synthetic crude, CNG One-step conversion Convert MSW directly to liquid or gaseous fuels Multi-step conversion Process MSW in a dirty MRF, then convert individual materials to separate products

5 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Merchant RDF technologies: five vendors 1.Dongara Pellet Plant 2.New Biomass Energy 3.Greenwood Energy 4.Process Equipment Design Consultants (PEDCON) 5.Covanta/Waste Management

6 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Merchant RDF technologies: Dongara Process: Convert MSW to RDF, then to pelletized fuel product Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns First plant:Vaughn, Ontario, 208,000 tpy In operation since 2008 More info to come on technology, costs, regulatory issues, product markets Funding Private partners

7 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Merchant RDF technologies: New Biomass Energy Process: Convert wood chips to fuel pellets called torrified wood Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns First plant:Quitman, MS, 80,000 tpy Started up early in 2012 Exported two ship-loads of pellets to Europe for test burns

8 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Merchant RDF technologies: Greenwood Energy Process: Convert fiber waste to fuel pellets Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns in the upper Midwest. First plant:Green Bay, WI, 150,000 tpy Starting up in 2012 Oneida Indian tribe seeks to extend technology to take MSW

9 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Merchant RDF technologies: PEDCON Process: Convert MSW to RDF to fuel pellets Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns in the PJM control area. First plants:Palmer Twp, PA, pilot facility in place Easton, PA, 65,000 tpy Starting up in 2012

10 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Merchant RDF technologies: Covanta Process: Convert MSW to RDF to fuel pellets Market: Sell fuel to solid fuel boilers and kilns in the PJM control area. First plant:WMI transfer station in Philadelphia, 143,000 tpy Under development

11 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Merchant RDF technologies: summary 1.Wood chips, fiber waste and MSW can be converted into fuel pellets 2.Canadian facility on-line since 2008; U.S. facilities starting up in Facilities have been funded privately 4.Market depends on value to solid-fuel boilers and regulatory acceptance 5.Performance and cost data are not yet available

12 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: five vendors 1.Enerkem 2.Fiberight 3.Ineos Bio 4.BlueFire Ethanol 5.Fulcrum BioEnergy

13 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: Enerkem Process: Gasify RDF, then use catalysts to refine to ethanol and chemicals Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blenders, refineries and industrial bulk chemical users First plants:Sherbrooke, Q, pilot plant since 2003 Westbury, Q, 1.3 Mgal/y since 2009 Edmonton, AB, 10 Mgal/y from 300 tpd MSW, start-up 2013 Pontotoc, MS, 10 Mgal/y, in development Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

14 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: Enerkem

15 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: Fiberight Process: Prepare RDF, then ferment to alcohols Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blenders First plants:Lawrenceville, VA, Q, pilot plant Blairstown, IA, converted corn ethanol facility, 6 M gal/y, start-up 2013 Elkridge, MD, under development Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

16 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: Ineos Bio Process: Gasify RDF, then ferment to bio-ethanol with bio-catalysts and distill Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blenders First plants:Fayetteville, AK, pilot plant Vero Beach, FL, 150,000 tpy MSW to 8 Mgpy ethanol and 6 MW electricity, starting-up summer 2012 Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

17 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: Ineos Bio

18 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: BlueFire Ethanol Process: Mix RDF with agr. residues, then process via concentrated acid hydrolysis and refine to ethanol and other bio-fuels Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blendersand end-users First plants:Fulton, MS, 19 Mgal/y from woody biomass only, starting up 2013 Lancaster and Mecca, CA, from post- sorted MSW, under development Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

19 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: Fulcrum BioEnergy Process: Gasify RDF, then refine with catalysts Market: Sell in bulk to fuel blendersand end-users First plants:McCarran, NV, 10.5 Mgal/y, scheduled for operation 2 nd half 2013 Feedstock contracts with Waste Mgmt and Waste Connections Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees

20 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, High-value RDF technologies: summary 1.MSW processes are based on experience with other biomass materials 2.Large-scale facilities with complicated processing 3.U.S. facilities starting up in 2012 and Market depends on access to fuel blenders and fuel or chemical end-users with exacting specs 5.Financing required significant public support 6.Performance and cost data not yet available

21 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: five vendors 1.PlascoEnergy 2.AlterNRG 3.Chinook Energy 4.Sierra Energy 5.Covanta CLEERGAS/InenTech

22 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: PlascoEnergy Process: Gasify by plasma arc torches; clean up gas Market: Burn syngas in GE Jenbacher IC engines First plant:Ottawa, ON, 94 tpd demo plant to be scaled up to 200 tpd by 2014 Funding:Private

23 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: Alter NRG Process: Plasma arc gasification Market: Burn syngas in engines; convert syngas to ethanol for sale to fuel blenders First plant:Madison, PA 48 tpd demo project St. Lucie, FL, project canceled April 2012 Funding:ARRA grants, USDOE loan guarantees Westnghouse facility in Japan

24 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: Chinook Energy Process: Gasify organics in batch vessels Market: Burn syngas in IC engines: convert to fuels First plants:18 plants worldwide gasifying organic contaminants in scrap metal Converting Millville, NJ, plant to gasify MSW Funding:Private ConceptBeneficiate ferrous and/or FEPR?

25 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: Chinook Energy

26 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: Sierra Energy Process: Gasify MSW in blast furnace to produce syngas and slag. Modular design. Market: Convert syngas to CNG, sell slag as aggregate. First plants:DOD, CA, 5 tpd demonstration plant Sacramento, CA, 50 tpd plant scheduled on-line in 2013, expansion to 200 tpd Funding:Private, California incentives

27 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: Sierra Energy

28 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: Covanta CLEERGAS using InenTech technology Process: Gasify MSW for combustion in solid fuel boiler Market: Generate electricity First plants:Tulsa, OK, operating at 350 tpd since August Funding:Private

29 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, One-step conversion technologies: summary 1.MSW gasification has been demonstrated technically 2.Use of syngas in IC engines is being demonstrated, but data are not public 3.Conversion of syngas to liquid fuels has not been demonstrated. Facilities will start up in 2012 and Facilities are modular and scalable 5.Performance and cost data are not yet available

30 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Multi-step conversion technologies: four vendors 1.Zero Waste Energy 2.W2E Eisenmann 3.CR&R / Los Angeles County 4.Harvest Power

31 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Multi-step conversion technologies: Zero Waste Energy with Kompoferm technology Process: Dirty MRF (unsorted MSW) with digester for organics, advanced recycling lines Market: Convert bio-gas to CNG; sell recyclables First plant:San Jose, CA, demo plant operating, constructing expansion to 270,000 tpy for start-up in 2013 Funding:Private, California incentives

32 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Multi-step conversion technologies: W2e Eisenmann Process: Dirty MRF with wet anaerobic digestion of organics to produce bio-gas Market: Generate electricity First plants:Columbia, SC, 48,000 tpy and 3.2 MW, prototype under construction, start-up 2012 Funding:Private

33 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Multi-step conversion technologies: CR&R Process: Dirty MRF with digester for organics, advanced recycling lines Market: Convert bio-gas to CNG; sell recyclables First plants:Riverside, CA Under construction: start-up in 2014 Funding:Private, selected by LA County, CEC grants for bio-fuels

34 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Multi-step conversion technologies: Harvest Power Process: Anaerobic digestion of source-separated organics. Combust bio-gas in IC engines Market: Generate electricity, sell fertilizer First plants:London, ON, 65,000 tpy, scheduled for start-up 2013 Orlando, FL, scheduled for start-up 2013 Funding:Private

35 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Multi-step conversion technologies: summary 1.Use dirty MRF technology with mechanical separation and anaerobic digestion 2.Variety of products, including electricity, CNG, recyclables 3.Generally uses proven equipment and processes in unproven configurations and applications 4.Facilities will start up in 2012 and Performance and cost data are not yet available

36 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Observations Multiple pilot and demonstration projects for MSW processing are underway There is little experience with syngas use or conversion to liquid fuels Performance and cost data are not yet available Merchant RDF facilities depend on markets for solid fuels and regulatory acceptance High-value RDF facilities are large-scale and require access to fuel blenders and users ; not appropriate for PERC

37 Status of MSW Conversion Technologies: MRC Board meeting on August 1, Observations One-step conversion technologies are modular and scalable, but syngas uses are not yet demonstrated Multi-step conversion technologies use proven equipment and processes in new configurations Need more experience to understand: »Capital costs, O&M costs, life-cycle costs »Restrictions on Acceptable Waste »Success in using syngas »True generation of products, residuals and emissions Stay tuned – much will be learned this year!


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