Presentation on theme: "Merchant Marine Training Centre. Steam Turbine Powered Ships However, most ships nowadays use the more economical diesel burning engines. Steam turbines."— Presentation transcript:
Merchant Marine Training Centre
Steam Turbine Powered Ships However, most ships nowadays use the more economical diesel burning engines. Steam turbines can provide the high power that is necessary to propel the ship. There are still some steam powered vessels such as ULCC ( Ultra Large Crude Carrier )
Although boilers may not often be found for ship propulsion there is almost always one boiler on board a ship. Boilers are used for things such as heating cargo, fuel, and accommodations. Boilers Steam Theory Some ships also use boilers for auxiliary power. Such as deck winches and pumps, because if they used electrical machines it would be dangerous if the cargo was oil.
Steam Theory Babcock Marine Water Tube Boiler Water enters the boiler, preheated at the top. The hot water circulates through the tubes down to where it is hot. The water heats up and flows back to the steam drum where the steam collects. The water that doesnt turn to steam, goes back into the system and the process starts again.
The control system controls the temperature of the steam drum to determine if it should turn the burner on or off The water that enters the boiler, is called feed water. It has chemicals in it neutralize minerals in the water, which could block or rust the pipes.
Water tube boilers pressures = 7 to 250 bar Saturated steam, 100 oc Superheated dry steam oc. In water tube boilers can produce 1.5 to 2500 steam/hr
Different types of boiler Fire Tube Boiler Usually used for ships heating On larger vessel the auxiliary boiler auxiliary boiler uses the main engine's flue gases to heat the water Auxiliary Boiler
Steam Turbine The turbine is connected to a reduction gear, which drives a propeller
The impulse turbine contains several turbine rotors, pictured to the right. In front of these rotors are nozzles. The nozzle ejects steam onto one blade of the rotor and makes it turn
1.One set of turbine rotor and stationary nozzles is called a stage. The steam travels through many stages. 2.The steam proceeds through one stage, then collects and proceeds to the second stage and so on. 3.Every time, the steam proceeds to a bigger rotor turbine, until the most of it's energy has been used on the rotors of the turbine. 4.The steam that is left is sucked by vacuum, to the condenser where it is cooled to form feed water, ready to feed the boiler once again.condenser