Presentation on theme: "Montpelier District Energy Gwendolyn Hallsmith, Director Planning and Community Development City of Montpelier, Vermont."— Presentation transcript:
Montpelier District Energy Gwendolyn Hallsmith, Director Planning and Community Development City of Montpelier, Vermont
History 2001 feasibility study by CANMET for heat Voters passed $250,000 bond in 2003 for the City's share of the development of the District Heating System involving the State of Vermont's central heating plant in the state complex and the installation of hot water transmission mains from the plant to the City of Montpelier's municipal complex in and around City Hall. Energy Town Meeting in 2007 District Energy Team formed 2007 Clean Energy Development Fund Grant for $25,000 for CHP feasibility study
Feasibility Study Tasks Study the technology required for a combined heat and power (CHP) plant to optimize power generation and heat using sustainably harvested Vermont forest products. Prepare a market study and identify buyers and projected prices of the renewable energy credits (RECs), the capacity, and the power. Develop a financial plan that compares the long-term viability of a CHP as compared to the original heating plant proposals that had been studied in the late 1990s. Prepare an outreach plan to the end users of both the electricity generated and the heating system to determine what incentives will be necessary to get committed customers of the new system.
Review of Biomass Facilities Duke/St. Paul District Energy facility European models for biomass generation City of Växjö, Sweden Grève-in-Chianti, Italy Canadian technologies Prairie Biogas: Pyrolysis and Synfuels Organic Power Technologies Plasco Conversion System
Wood to Energy Alternatives 1. Burning wood chips 2. Burning pellets 3. Carbonization Low temperature, very long residence time Liquid 30%, Char 35%, Gas 35% 4. Pyrolysis Moderate temperature, short residence time Liquid 75%, Char 12%, Gas 13% 5. Gasification High temperature, long residence time Liquid 5%, Char 10%, Gas 85%
St. Paul Biomass Plant April 2000 – Waste wood combined heat and power plant that supplies steam to District Energy of St. Paul and 25 MW of electricity to Xcel Energy (Northern States Power) Wood Burning District Energy Plant St, Paul, MN
7 Confidential and Proprietary St. Paul Biomass Plant District Energy St. Paul currently provides heating service to more than 180 buildings and 300 single- family homes, representing over 30.7 million square feet of building space, or 80 percent of St. Pauls central business district and adjacent areas.
8 Confidential and Proprietary St. Paul Biomass Plant Service Hot water district heating delivered to customers year- round for space heating, domestic hot water and industrial process use Provider District Energy St. Paul Inc., an independent, non-profit company Distinction It is the largest, most successful hot water district heating system in North America Production capacity Combined heat and power plant, four gas/oil-fired boilers, two coal/gas-fired boilers, backup plant and mobile boiler: total 289 megawatts thermal (987 million Btu per hour); also 860-kilowatt, turbine-driven generator
Växjö, Sweden: Fossil Fuel Free Växjö Since 1993, the city has reduced carbon emissions by 30% per capita Results largely due to biomass heating – 90% comes from renewable sources Recipient of 2007 Sustainable Energy Europe Award
Grève-in-Chianti, Italy Waste gasification plant Operating since MW electrical power Product gas for cement kiln Circulating fluidized bed gasifiers
Organic Power Technologies Carbonization or Fast Pyrolysis System (Variable gasification) Moderate Temperature (600 – 800C) Liquid 12% Char 23% Gas 65%
System Products/Outcomes 100 Tons of Wood Per Day 105 MWh electricity from gas 21 tons of charcoal 506 GJ heat litres of bio-gas
Prairie Biogas The Process Pretreatment Pyrolysis (syngas & heat) Electricity Generation Heat Production System Components 1. Shredder 2. Pyromex Induction Heating System 3. Syngas-burning Engine
Feedstocks Wood chips Sewage Sludge Farm Waste Plastic waste Waste from leather and fur industry Tannery waste Fly ash from power plants Paper and cardboard Plastic packaging material Used oils and hydraulics Tires Medical & Hospital waste Natural fiber products Shredder waste Plastic and rubber
Plasco Conversion System Waste to SyngasSyngas to Electricity
One ton of waste… kWh electricity days of household use kg of vitrified slag (sold as aggregate) 4. 5 kg sulphur (soil enhancement) kg heavy metals and filter screenings litres of potable water 7. 5 – 10 kg salt
Questions to Consider Is waste a renewable resource? Does it qualify for RECs? Which is more sustainable – wood or waste? Will using waste for fuel undermine reduction, composting, and recycling efforts? How would you structure the public/private partnerships necessary to manage this kind of plant?