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Bioenergy Development in Ukraine: State of the Art and Perspectives Georgiy Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of National Academy of Sciences.

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Presentation on theme: "Bioenergy Development in Ukraine: State of the Art and Perspectives Georgiy Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of National Academy of Sciences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bioenergy Development in Ukraine: State of the Art and Perspectives Georgiy Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Head of Department) Scientific Engineering Centre Biomass Ltd. (Director) Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass "Integrative Approaches Towards Sustainability" (Baltic Sea Region sharing knowledge internally, across Europe and worldwide) SHARING, Jurmala, May 11-14, 2005, Latvia

2 Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass Plan of presentation: 1.Biomass for energy has the biggest from RES feasible potential for the most of EU countries and Ukraine. 2.CHP or heat only production? 3.Examples of successfully implemented bioenergy projects in Ukraine. 4.Bioenergy projects are mostly bankable projects. 5.Biomass for energy is one of the best options for GHG emission reduction. 6.Ukraine has a huge potential for concentrated biomass export to EU. 7.Conclusion.

3 *) Energy for the Future: Renewable Sources of Energy. White Paper for a Community Strategy and Action Plan. Bruxelles, 1997, 53 p. Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass Biomass for energy has the biggest from RES feasible potential for the most of EU and FSU countries. Heat and power production from renewable energy in EU *) Type of renewable energy sources Energy productionTotal investments in , milliard $ Reduction of СО 2 emission by 2010, mill t/yr mill toe% % Wind energy Hydro energy Photovoltaic Biomass Geothermal energy Solar thermal collectors TOTAL

4 Energy potential of biomass in Ukraine (2001) Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

5 The use of RES in according to Energy Strategy of Ukraine (draft) Indices Heat and power production from RES in mtoe% % % % Wind energy Solar power Hydro small Hydro large Solar heat Bioenergy Geothermal energy Total Share of total consumption of primary energy in Ukraine **) *) By the end of 2000 total extraction of fossil fuels in Ukraine was 56 mtoe **) By the end of 2000 total primary energy consumption in Ukraine was 140 mtoe Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

6 Bioenergy equipment, which may be installed in Ukraine up to 2020 Type of equipment Approxim ate capacity of Ukrainian market, units Installed capacity CO 2 reduc- tion, mill t year Opera- tion time, h/year Fossil fuel replace- ment, Mtoe year Total invest- ments, mill $ US MWthMWe Wood-fired DH plants, 1-10 MW th Industrial wood-fired boilers, MW th Wood-fired CHP plants, 1-10 MW e Domestic wood-fired boilers, kW th Farm straw-fired boilers, MW th Straw-fired DH plants, 1-10 MW th Straw-fired CHP plants, 1-10 MW е Large-scale biogas plants2903 *) Small-scale LFG power plants TOTAL *) including 2478 plants on cattle farms, 295 plants on pig-breeding farms, 130 plants at poultry factories; Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

7 CHP or heat only production? Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass ProjectWood fired boiler of 10 MW th for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK- Ukraine" Wood fired CHP of 2,0 MW e + 10 MW th for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK-Ukraine" Capacity10 MW th 2,0 MW e + 10 MW th Investments, mill Euro IRR, %1811 Simple payback period, years NPV, th. Euro636502

8 The Netherlands-Ukraine technical assistance project Energy Saving and CO 2 Reduction in the Timber Industry of Ukraine Supporting agency: Executing agency SENTER of Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs Project duration: January 1999 – December 2001 The main characteristics of KARA wood fired boiler : Thermal capacity:1.5 MW Steam output:2.27 t/h Fuel: wood residues (chips, sawdust, bark) Fuel consumption: 0.7 t/h (moisture 50%) Reduction of CO 2 :4000 t/year Saving of natural gas: 1.2 mill m 3 /year Investment: $ Payback period: 3.2 years Drying chamber KARA Net volume of drying wood: 80 m 3 Involved parties: SENTER Malin State KARA Energy Systems TNO-MEP SEC Biomass Timber Enterprise Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

9 Reduction in the Timber Industry of Ukraine Supporting agency: Executing agency SENTER of Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs Project duration: January 1999 – December 2001 The main characteristics of KARA wood fired boiler: Thermal capacity: 5 MW Steam output: 7.8 t/h Steam overpressure: 10 bar Fuel: wood residues Fuel consumption: 2 t/h (moisture 40%) Reserve fuel: natural gas Reduction of CO 2 : t/year Saving of natural gas: 4.3 mill m 3 /year Investment: $ Payback period:1.8 years Involved parties: SENTER ODEK Ukraine KARA Energy Systems TNO-MEP SEC Biomass The Netherlands-Ukraine technical assistance project Energy Saving and CO 2 Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

10 Existing wood waste at plywood plant ODEK Ukraine Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

11 Introduction of a Small–scale Straw-fired Heat Production in Ukraine Supporting agency: Danish Energy Agency The main characteristics straw-fired boiler: Type RAU Manufacturer PASSAT Energy A/S (Denmark) Thermal capacity 1 MW Water content of storage tank 32 m 3 Straw quantity per feeding Approx kg (3 big bales) Combustion period Approx. 5 hours Boiler efficiency 81.4% Straw consumption per heating period 1114 t Quantity of substituted gas per heating period: 385 th m 3 Investment $ Payback period 4.7 years Involved parties: Straw-fired boiler Straw baler New Holland RAU Support Center for Danish Projekt The Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre Danish Technological Institute Passat Energi A/S Agrofirma DiM Ltd State Committee of Ukraine Scientific Engineering Center Biomass The Danish-Ukraine technical assistance project Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

12 1 MW straw fired boiler at Agrofirma DIM Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

13 Loading of straw fired boiler Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

14 CO 2 reduction by implementation of a CHP biogas plant in the pig breeding industry Supporting agency: Executing agency SENTER of Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs Project duration: January 2000 – June 2001 Involved parties: Executing agency SENTER BTG Biomass technology Group BV Agro-Oven Ltd. UkrNIIagroproekt State Committee of Ukraine for Energy Conservation Scientific Engineering Center Biomass The Netherlands-Ukraine technical assistance project Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass The main characteristics of CHP biogas plant : Pig manure flow rate:80 t/day Total solids contents: % Digesters volume: m3 Biogas production: 750 Nm3/day Utilization of biogas: two CHP units (capacity 80 kWel +160 kWth each) CO2 reduction: 7500 t/yr Mineral fertilizers substitution: N t/yr, P - 90 t/yr, K - 65 t/yr Investment:$ Payback period: 8.1 years

15 2×1000 m 3 digesters with 80 kW e kW th CHP units at Agro-Oven Ltd, village Elenovka, Dnipropetrovsk oblast Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

16 EcoLinks Partnership Grants Program Involved parties : EcoLinks program SCS EngineersAOZT Protos SEC Biomass Reduction of Greenhouse Effect through Methane Utilization at Lugansk Landfill Project duration : February 2002 – February 2003 Technical features : Landfill volume: m3 Biogas production: m3/year Calorific value of biogas: 18 MJ/m3 Power plant capacity: 1.5 MW Investment: $ ($ ) CO2 reduction t/year IRR: 39% (17%) Payback period: 2.0 (4.6) Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

17 January 2003 Three demonstration wells Landfill gas flow – 90 m 3 /hour CH 4 content – 60% Reduction of Greenhouse Effect through Methane Utilization at Lugansk Landfill EcoLinks Partnership Grants Program, a United States Agency for International Development program Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

18 Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass Bioenergy projects are mostly bankable projects ProjectWood fired boiler of 10 MW th for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK- Ukraine" Wood fired boiler of 6 MWth for hot water supply of Slavutich Sunflower husk fired CHP of sunflower oil plant "Kirovograd Oliya" 1,5 MWe LFG power plant at Lugansk landfill, Ukraine Extraction, Collection and Utilisation of LFG at the Odessa landfill Capacity10 MW th 6 MW th 3.7 MW e + 28 MW th 1.5 MWeCollection up to 9 mill m3 of biogas/y Investments, th. Euro IRR, % Payback period, years NPV,th. Euro

19 Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass Biomass for energy is one of the best options for GHG emission reduction Typical levels of GHG reduction for different types of energy production projects Type of energy production project Reduction of CO 2e during , kt CO 2e / MWe Income from JI (under 3$/t CO 2e ), k$/ MWe Income from JI (under 3$/t CO 2e ), % of total investments Energy from biomass Wind power Hydro power Geothermal Co-generation (CHP) *) data of EcoSecurities Ltd. Refocus, Jan/Feb 2002.

20 Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass Parameters of the Ukrainian bioenergy projects ProjectWood fired boiler of 10 MW th for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK-Ukraine" Sunflower husk fired CHP of sunflower oil plant "Kirovograd Oliya" 1,5 MWe LFG power plant at Lugansk landfill, Ukraine Extraction, Collection and Utilisation of LFG at the Odessa landfill Capacity10 MW th 3.7 MW e + 28 MW th 1.5 MWeCollection up to 9 mill m3 of biogas/y Investments, th. Euro IRR, % Payback period, y CO 2 emission reduction, th t/y Income from CO2 credit (5 Euro/ t CO2 during ), th Euro Income from CO2 credit/ total investments, %

21 JI Projects developed by SECB in 2004 Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass NTitleStatus 1 District heating system rehabilitation of Chernigiv Region Fully prepared and validated for ERUPT-4 2 Methane capture at the Odessa municipal solid waste landfill Fully prepared and validated for ERUPT-5 3 Utilization of sunflower seed husks for steam and power production at OJSC Kirovogradoliya PDD stage for Austrian JI/CDM Program 4 Rehabilitation of the district heating system of Crimea PDD stage for Austrian JI/CDM Program 5 Electric Power Production on Stripped Casing- head Gas at Boryslav city PIN stage for Austrian JI/CDM Program SEC Biomass plan is to submit JI projects in The nearest ones: 1. Coal mine methane capture and utilization at Bazhanov mine 2. Coal mine methane capture and utilization at Krasnolimanskaya mine 3. Coal mine methane capture and utilization at Kirov mine 4. District heating system rehabilitation in Rivne Region

22 Ukraine has a huge potential for concentrated biomass export to EU: · Wood, straw and other agricultural residues pellets, briquettes, charcoal; · Liquid biomass fuels (rapeseed oil, bioethanol, pyrolysis oil etc); At the moment Ukraine has surplus of biomass and have no bioenergy equipment (and money to build it). Export of biomass to EU countries is a good and practically the only one market chance for Ukraine to reserve money for bioenergy development. The possible schema: · Establishment of National Bioenergy Fund in Ukraine; · Commercial export of biomass to EU; · Some share of received money have to be transferred to National Bioenergy Fund for support of national bioenergy development. Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

23 Driving forces of bioenergy development in Ukraine 1.Permanent growth of traditional energy prices. 2.Possibility to increase energy independence. 3.Possibility to develop local economy (money goes not to oil and gas exporting countries but remain in the region). 4.Growing possibilities for biomass export. 5.Kyoto Protocol process with CO2 emission reduction request and possibilities of CO2 credits. 6.Permanent strengthening of ecological norms. 7.Possibility to reduce unemployment. Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass

24 R&D activities in Bioenergy Laboratory of IET Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass 1.Underscrew wood- fired boiler (CRDF project, ) Capacity: 100 kW Efficiency: 85% Fuel:wood chips, wood sawdust, peat 2.Twin FB gasifier for sorted MSW (STCU project, ). 3.Straw bales fired boiler (Ministry of Science project, 2004).

25 Conclusions Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass Biomass for energy has the biggest from RES feasible potential for Ukraine (up to 10 % of primary energy consumption). Heat production is more feasible in most cases than CHP or power production. Bioenergy projects are mostly bankable projects. Biomass for energy is one of the best options for GHG emission reduction. Ukraine has a huge potential for biomass export to EU. Ukraine has all opportunities for fast development of bioenergy sector!

26 First announcement International Conference on JI Projects in Ukraine Climate Change and Business October 3-5, 2005, Kyiv, Ukraine Organized by: Ministry for Environmental Protection of Ukraine Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Institute of Engineering Ecology SEC BIOMASS Conference web site:

27 Thank you for your attention! For further information please contact: Dr. Georgiy Geletukha Tel/fax: , Institute of Engineering ThermophysicsScientific Engineering Center Biomass


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