Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

SHARING, Jurmala, May 11-14, 2005, Latvia

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "SHARING, Jurmala, May 11-14, 2005, Latvia"— Presentation transcript:

1 SHARING, Jurmala, May 11-14, 2005, Latvia
"Integrative Approaches Towards Sustainability" (Baltic Sea Region sharing knowledge internally, across Europe and worldwide) SHARING, Jurmala, May 11-14, 2005, Latvia Bioenergy Development in Ukraine: State of the Art and Perspectives Georgiy Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Head of Department) Scientific Engineering Centre Biomass Ltd. (Director) Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

2 Plan of presentation: Biomass for energy has the biggest from RES feasible potential for the most of EU countries and Ukraine. CHP or heat only production? Examples of successfully implemented bioenergy projects in Ukraine. Bioenergy projects are mostly bankable projects. Biomass for energy is one of the best options for GHG emission reduction. Ukraine has a huge potential for “concentrated” biomass export to EU. Conclusion. 1) including 2478 on cattle farms, 295 – on pig farms, 130 – on poultry plants. 2) in comparison with combustion of natural gas. Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

3 Heat and power production from renewable energy in EU *)
Biomass for energy has the biggest from RES feasible potential for the most of EU and FSU countries. Heat and power production from renewable energy in EU *) Type of renewable energy sources Energy production Total investments in , milliard $ Reduction of СО2 emission by 2010, mill t/yr 1995 2010 mill toe % Wind energy 0.35 0.5 6.9 3.8 34.56 72 Hydro energy 26.4 35.5 30.55 16.8 17.16 48 Photovoltaic 0.002 0.003 0.26 0.1 10.8 3 Biomass 44.8 60.2 135 74.2 100.8 255 Geothermal energy 2.5 3.4 5.2 2.9 6 5 Solar thermal collectors 0.4 4 2.2 28.8 19 TOTAL 74.3 100 182 198.12 402 1) including 2478 on cattle farms, 295 – on pig farms, 130 – on poultry plants. 2) in comparison with combustion of natural gas. *) Energy for the Future: Renewable Sources of Energy. White Paper for a Community Strategy and Action Plan. Bruxelles, 1997, 53 p. Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

4 Energy potential of biomass in Ukraine (2001)
Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

5 Heat and power production from RES in 2001-2030
The use of RES in according to Energy Strategy of Ukraine (draft) Indices Heat and power production from RES in 2001 2010 2020 2030 mtoe % Wind energy 0.008 0.2 0.15 3.15 0.7 6.97 1.5 9.95 Solar power 0.001 0.02 0.007 0.07 0.14 Hydro small 0.1 3.1 2.16 0.33 3.36 0.45 3.01 Hydro large 78.69 3.35 68.7 3.91 39.06 4.56 30.3 Solar heat 0.04 0.08 1.72 0.49 4.88 0.9 5.93 Bioenergy 17.9 1.16 23.8 4.4 43.9 7.08 46.9 Geothermal energy 0.003 0.17 1.73 0.58 3.84 Total 3.9 100 10.02 15.1 Share of total consumption of primary energy in Ukraine **) 2.8 3.5 7.1 10.8 *) By the end of 2000 total extraction of fossil fuels in Ukraine was 56 mtoe **) By the end of 2000 total primary energy consumption in Ukraine was 140 mtoe Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

6 Bioenergy equipment, which may be installed in Ukraine up to 2020
Type of equipment Approximate capacity of Ukrainian market, units Installed capacity CO2 reduc-tion, mill t year Opera-tion time, h/year Fossil fuel replace-ment, Mtoe year Total invest-ments, mill $ US MWth MWe Wood-fired DH plants, 1-10 MWth 250 500 --- 0.49 4400 0.21 38 Industrial wood-fired boilers, MWth 0.45 8000 0.19 25 Wood-fired CHP plants, 1-10 MWe 1 10 5 0.05 0.014 Domestic wood-fired boilers, kWth 53000 1590 1.57 0.67 80 Farm straw-fired boilers, MWth 15900 3180 3.14 1.34 254 Straw-fired DH plants, 1-10 MWth 1400 2800 2.76 1.18 280 Straw-fired CHP plants, 1-10 MWе 8 Large-scale biogas plants 2903*) 711 325 22.36 0.93 290 Small-scale LFG power plants 90 20 3.26 0.17 48 TOTAL 73795 9071 415 34.13 4.7 1027 1) including 2478 on cattle farms, 295 – on pig farms, 130 – on poultry plants. 2) in comparison with combustion of natural gas. *) including 2478 plants on cattle farms, 295 plants on pig-breeding farms, 130 plants at poultry factories; Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

7 CHP or heat only production?
Project Wood fired boiler of 10 MWth for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK-Ukraine" Wood fired CHP of 2,0 MWe + 10 MWth for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK-Ukraine" Capacity 10 MWth 2,0 MWe + 10 MWth Investments, mill Euro 1.325 3.668 IRR, % 18 11 Simple payback period, years 5.1 7.1 NPV, th. Euro 636 502 Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

8 The Netherlands-Ukraine technical assistance project “Energy Saving and CO2 Reduction in the Timber Industry of Ukraine” Supporting agency: Executing agency SENTER of Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs Project duration: January – December 2001 The main characteristics of KARA wood fired boiler : Thermal capacity: 1.5 MW Steam output: t/h Fuel: wood residues (chips, sawdust, bark) Fuel consumption: t/h (moisture 50%) Reduction of CO2: t/year Saving of natural gas: mill m3/year Investment: $ Payback period: years Drying chamber KARA Net volume of drying wood: m3 Involved parties: SENTER Malin State KARA Energy Systems TNO-MEP SEC Biomass Timber Enterprise Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

9 The main characteristics of KARA wood fired boiler:
Reduction in the Timber Industry of Ukraine” Supporting agency: Executing agency SENTER of Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs Project duration: January – December 2001 The Netherlands-Ukraine technical assistance project “Energy Saving and CO2 The main characteristics of KARA wood fired boiler: Thermal capacity: MW Steam output: t/h Steam overpressure: bar Fuel: wood residues Fuel consumption: t/h (moisture 40%) Reserve fuel: natural gas Reduction of CO2: t/year Saving of natural gas: mill m3/year Investment: $ Payback period: 1.8 years Involved parties: SENTER ODEK Ukraine KARA Energy Systems TNO-MEP SEC Biomass Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

10 Existing wood waste at plywood plant “ODEK Ukraine”
Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

11 The Danish-Ukraine technical assistance project
“ Introduction of a Small–scale Straw-fired Heat Production in Ukraine” Supporting agency: Danish Energy Agency The main characteristics straw-fired boiler: Type RAU Manufacturer PASSAT Energy A/S (Denmark) Thermal capacity MW Water content of storage tank m3 Straw quantity per feeding Approx kg (3 big bales) Combustion period Approx. 5 hours Boiler efficiency % Straw consumption per heating period t Quantity of substituted gas per heating period: 385 th m3 Investment $ Payback period years Straw-fired boiler Straw baler “New Holland” RAU Involved parties: The Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre Danish Technological Institute Support Center for Danish Projekt Passat Energi A/S Agrofirma “DiM” Ltd State Committee of Ukraine Scientific Engineering Center “Biomass” DiM Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

12 1 MW straw fired boiler at “Agrofirma DIM”
Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

13 Loading of straw fired boiler
Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

14 The Netherlands-Ukraine technical assistance project
“CO2 reduction by implementation of a CHP biogas plant in the pig breeding industry” Supporting agency: Executing agency SENTER of Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs Project duration: January – June 2001 The Netherlands-Ukraine technical assistance project The main characteristics of CHP biogas plant : Pig manure flow rate: 80 t/day Total solids contents: % Digesters volume: 1000 m3 Biogas production: Nm3/day Utilization of biogas: two CHP units (capacity 80 kWel +160 kWth each) CO2 reduction: t/yr Mineral fertilizers substitution: N t/yr, P - 90 t/yr, K - 65 t/yr Investment: $ Payback period: years Involved parties: Executing agency SENTER BTG Biomass technology Group BV Agro-Oven Ltd. Scientific Engineering Center “Biomass” UkrNIIagroproekt State Committee of Ukraine for Energy Conservation Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

15 2×1000 m3 digesters with 80 kWe kWth CHP units at “Agro-Oven” Ltd, village Elenovka, Dnipropetrovsk oblast’ Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

16 EcoLinks Partnership Grants Program
“Reduction of Greenhouse Effect through Methane Utilization at Lugansk Landfill” Project duration : February 2002 – February 2003 Technical features : Landfill volume: m3 Biogas production: m3/year Calorific value of biogas: MJ/m3 Power plant capacity: MW Investment: $ ($ ) CO2 reduction t/year IRR: % (17%) Payback period: (4.6) Involved parties : SCS Engineers AOZT “Protos” EcoLinks program SEC “Biomass” Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

17 EcoLinks Partnership Grants Program, a United States Agency for International Development program
Reduction of Greenhouse Effect through Methane Utilization at Lugansk Landfill January 2003 Three demonstration wells Landfill gas flow – 90 m3/hour CH4 content – 60% Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

18 Bioenergy projects are mostly bankable projects
Wood fired boiler of 10 MWth for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK-Ukraine" Wood fired boiler of 6 MWth for hot water supply of Slavutich Sunflower husk fired CHP of sunflower oil plant "Kirovograd Oliya" 1,5 MWe LFG power plant at Lugansk landfill, Ukraine Extraction, Collection and Utilisation of LFG at the Odessa landfill Capacity 10 MWth 6 MWth 3.7 MWe + 28 MWth 1.5 MWe Collection up to 9 mill m3 of biogas/y Investments, th. Euro 1325 760 6750 1670 555 IRR, % 18 36 14.5 17.4 39 Payback period, years 5.1 2.7 7.5 4.9 2.5 NPV,th. Euro 636 810 4132 575 67 Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

19 Biomass for energy is one of the best options for GHG emission reduction
Typical levels of GHG reduction for different types of energy production projects Type of energy production project Reduction of CO2e during , kt CO2e/ MWe Income from JI (under 3$/t CO2e), k$/ MWe Income from JI (under 3$/t CO2e), % of total investments Energy from biomass Wind power Hydro power 11.3 33.9 3.4 Geothermal 24.0 72.0 7.2 Co-generation (CHP) 14.8 44.4 4.4 *) data of EcoSecurities Ltd. Refocus, Jan/Feb 2002. Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

20 Parameters of the Ukrainian bioenergy projects
Wood fired boiler of 10 MWth for steam supply of plywood plant "ODEK-Ukraine" Sunflower husk fired CHP of sunflower oil plant "Kirovograd Oliya" 1,5 MWe LFG power plant at Lugansk landfill, Ukraine Extraction, Collection and Utilisation of LFG at the Odessa landfill Capacity 10 MWth 3.7 MWe + 28 MWth 1.5 MWe Collection up to 9 mill m3 of biogas/y Investments, th. Euro 1325 6750 1670 555 IRR, % 18 14.5 17.4 39 Payback period, y 5.1 7.5 4.9 2.5 CO2 emission reduction, th t/y 20 45 62 64 Income from CO2 credit (5 Euro/ t CO2 during ), th Euro 500 1125 1550 1600 Income from CO2 credit/ total investments, % 37 16 93 288 Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

21 JI Projects developed by SECB in 2004
Title Status 1 District heating system rehabilitation of Chernigiv Region Fully prepared and validated for ERUPT-4 2 Methane capture at the Odessa municipal solid waste landfill Fully prepared and validated for ERUPT-5 3 Utilization of sunflower seed husks for steam and power production at OJSC “Kirovogradoliya” PDD stage for Austrian JI/CDM Program 4 Rehabilitation of the district heating system of Crimea 5 Electric Power Production on Stripped Casing-head Gas at Boryslav city PIN stage for Austrian JI/CDM Program SEC Biomass plan is to submit JI projects in The nearest ones: 1. “Coal mine methane capture and utilization at Bazhanov mine” 2. “Coal mine methane capture and utilization at Krasnolimanskaya mine” 3. “Coal mine methane capture and utilization at Kirov mine” 4. “District heating system rehabilitation in Rivne Region” Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

22 Ukraine has a huge potential for “concentrated” biomass export to EU:
·       Wood, straw and other agricultural residues pellets, briquettes, charcoal; ·       Liquid biomass fuels (rapeseed oil, bioethanol, pyrolysis oil etc); At the moment Ukraine has surplus of biomass and have no bioenergy equipment (and money to build it). Export of biomass to EU countries is a good and practically the only one market chance for Ukraine to reserve money for bioenergy development. The possible schema: ·      Establishment of “National Bioenergy Fund” in Ukraine; ·      Commercial export of biomass to EU; ·      Some share of received money have to be transferred to “National Bioenergy Fund” for support of national bioenergy development.   Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

23 Driving forces of bioenergy development in Ukraine
Permanent growth of traditional energy prices. Possibility to increase energy independence. Possibility to develop local economy (money goes not to oil and gas exporting countries but remain in the region). Growing possibilities for biomass export. Kyoto Protocol process with CO2 emission reduction request and possibilities of CO2 credits. Permanent strengthening of ecological norms. Possibility to reduce unemployment. Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

24 R&D activities in Bioenergy Laboratory of IET
Underscrew wood-fired boiler (CRDF project, ) Capacity: 100 kW Efficiency: 85% Fuel: wood chips, wood sawdust, peat Twin FB gasifier for sorted MSW (STCU project, ). 3. Straw bales fired boiler (Ministry of Science project, 2004). Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

25 Bioenergy projects are mostly bankable projects.
Conclusions Biomass for energy has the biggest from RES feasible potential for Ukraine (up to 10 % of primary energy consumption). Heat production is more feasible in most cases than CHP or power production. Bioenergy projects are mostly bankable projects. Biomass for energy is one of the best options for GHG emission reduction. Ukraine has a huge potential for biomass export to EU. Ukraine has all opportunities for fast development of bioenergy sector! Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

26 First announcement International Conference on JI Projects in Ukraine “Climate Change and Business” October 3-5, 2005, Kyiv, Ukraine Organized by: Ministry for Environmental Protection of Ukraine Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Institute of Engineering Ecology SEC “BIOMASS” Conference web site:

27 Thank you for your attention!
For further information please contact: Dr. Georgiy Geletukha Tel/fax: , Scientific Engineering Center Biomass Institute of Engineering Thermophysics


Download ppt "SHARING, Jurmala, May 11-14, 2005, Latvia"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google