Presentation on theme: "Biomass Cogeneration Technology in India (INDO-ASEAN Co-operation in Renewable Energy Workshop, November 5, 2012) S C. Natu Sr. Vice President (Power."— Presentation transcript:
1Biomass Cogeneration Technology in India (INDO-ASEAN Co-operation in Renewable Energy Workshop, November 5, 2012)S C. NatuSr. Vice President (Power Division)MITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
2Potential & Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills All India potential, 7000 MW (650 sugar mills)Achievements as of September 30, 2012, MW (200 projects)Under construction, 750 MW (50 projects)Total, 3000 MW (250 projects), 43% penetrationPrivate sector leading in States like UP, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh
3Potential & Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Co-operatives leading in Maharashtra & Tamil NaduOwn investment & BOOT models establishedConducive CERC / SERC orders, CDM, REC & power trade, the key driversResults of promotional measures, mainly by MNRE
4Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills Conventional rankine cycle technologyOwn / saved bagasse, biomass & coal used as primary fuels, during season & off season of the sugar millsTravel grate type boilers designed for multi-fuel operationsHigh pressure / temperature steam generated and expanded through back pressure or double extraction cum condensing TG set
5Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Medium pressure steam at 8 kg/cm2 pressure used for HP heater & process requirementsBack pressure steam at 1.5 kg/cm2 pressure used for process requirements & de-aeratorBalance steam condensed through the condenserPower generated during season used for cogen plant auxiliaries, sugar / by-product process & balance exported to the grid
6Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Power generated during off season used for cogen plant auxiliaries, by-products, colony & balance exported to gridSteam to fuel ratios range from 2.4 kg/kg to kg/kgSteam to power ratios range from 5.2 – 5.6 kg/kw during season & 3.6 – 4.0 kg/kw during off seasonPLF, 55 – 60% during season & 90% during off season
7Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Boiler efficiencies, 68-72% on bagasse & 80% on coalTG efficiency of 90%Station heat rates, 3600 – 3800 kcal/kwhCapex, Rs crore / MW for cogen power plant & Rs. 1.0 – 1.5 crore / MW for concurrent sugar factory modernizationO&M, 3-5%
8Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Main packagesBoiler & auxiliariesTurbine, generator & auxiliariesCooling tower or ACCFuel & ash handlingElectrical distribution / evacuationWater treatment plantCivil works
9Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Main packages (contd.)Plant DCSEOT craneAC & ventilation systemAir compressorDG setInterface HP / MP / LP steam, cooling water, DM water & compressed air pipingFire fighting
10Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Heat Balance Diagram – Season (20 MW Cogen Power Plant)
11Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Heat Balance Diagram – Off Season (20 MW Cogen Power Plant)
12Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Extra high pressure boiler (87 kg/cm2 pressure & 110 kg/cm2 pressure), commercializedMatching back pressure, single / double extraction cum condensing type TG sets, commercializedAir cooled condensers and RO type water treatment plants for overcoming water quality and availability issues, commercialized
13Technology Status, Bagasse Cogeneration in Sugar Mills (contd.) Plant DCS, VFDs, ACVFD drives, grid synchronization, etc. technologies, commercializedExtended off season by utilization of cane trash & other biomass materials, getting progressively commercializedEquipment, technology & services available indigenously
14Potential & Status, Biomass Power in Industries (Non Bagasse) All India potential, MW from agro waste materials (excluding sugar mills)Potential will explode with energy plantation on waste lands for power generationAchievements as of September 30, 2012, 1250 MW (160 projects) & under construction, 250 MW (20 projects), only 8% penetrationConducive CERC / SERC orders, CDM, REC & power trade, the key driversResults of promotional measures, mainly by MNRE
15Technology Status, Biomass Power in Industries (Non Bagasse) Conventional rankine cycle technology, similar to bagasse cogenExtra high pressure boiler (67 kg/cm2 pressure & 87 kg/cm2 pressure), commercializedVariety of biomass materials established, although fuel linkage difficultEquipment, technology & services available indigenouslyIndependent biomass power plant models established, yet captive power plants in industries through biomass in experimental stages
16Key Issues for Accelerated Development Continuation of MNRE / MoF fiscal & financial supportRationalization of tariffs, other provisions of ERC orders & adequate hikes due to rise in capital & operating costsConsideration capex for essential sugar mill modernization for tariff determinationDemonstration & commercialization of fuel linkage mechanisms & energy plantation modelsCapacity building & information DisseminationTechnology development / demonstration, difficult biomass materials like paddy straw, mustard huskLevel playing field for CDM, REC & power trade
17Key Areas, Co-operation with ASEAN Countries & India Engineering / consultancy servicesTechnology transfer & equipment / EPC supplyO&M contractsFinancing, equity & debtCapacity buildingInformation dissemination
18MITCON, An OverviewConsultancy / engineering company, established in 1982Central / State Government stakeholders, 59.5% of shares & Private shareholders, 40.5% sharesProfit making & IS/ISO 9001:2008 certified companySugar & Power, infrastructure, energy & carbon, environment, agri business, finance & market research, biotechnology, main consultancy / engineering divisionsLatest infrastructure & experienced manpower (totaling to 225, engineering about 100)Offices in Pune, Mumbai, New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Chennai & NagpurMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
19Power Division, Vision & Services To become a ‘One Stop’ service provider for decentralized Power Projects on any fuel, from concept to successful commissioning & establish at the National & International LevelsMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
21Power Division, Vision & Services (contd.) Post-contract Engineering / Project Management(Kick start meetings with vendors / EPC contractors, PERT / CPM networks, inspection / expediting, vendor drawling services and approvals, site supervision, monitoring of erection / commissioning, plant stabilization & plant MIS development)Post-commissioning(Witnessing PG tests, trouble shooting, plant MIS, contract to compliance reports, etc. )MITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
22Power Division, Vision & Services (contd.) Macro Assignments & TrainingMacro and Policy Studies for biomass, bagasse, natural gas, fossil fuel based industrial captive / cogen power for sugar, distillery & ethanol sectorsOrganized number of regional / national / international business meets, interaction meets, workshops, seminars, training and skill up-gradation programsMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
23Experience & Prestigious Clients National & International experience of two decades, private, public sector & co-operative sector clientsMicro level services to over 200 sugar factories, several biomass & fossil fuel based industrial cogen / captive power projects & distilleries / ethanol plantsA dedicated team of qualified and experienced in-house staff and associate experts at various officesState-of-the-art engineering design / drawing equipmentMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
24Experience & Prestigious Clients (contd.) Experience (contd.)Program partner & lead program partner of MNRE, Govt. of IndiaMacro level assignments and promotional work with IREDA, Winrock International India, USAID, UNDP, financial institutions & banksInternational exposure & events participationFounder member of World Alliance for Decentralized Energy (WADE) and patron member of Cogeneration Association of India (Cogen India)MITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
25Experience & Prestigious Clients (contd.) InternationalPure Diet Mocambique Limitada, MozambiqueSugar Corporation of Uganda Ltd., UgandaAlliance Tire Co. Ltd., IsraelDelta Energy Inc, UKSindicatum Carbon Capital, SingaporeCharter Oak Energy, Renova Engineering PC & Nitash Inc, USANUCON Energy Corporation, USARatnala, Behl & Co., USAEntech Energy Consultants Ltd., UKUNDP-GEFUSAIDWinrock International IndiaSwiss Development CorporationMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
27Experience & Prestigious Clients (contd.) CoverageServices(End of Pipe, Concept to Commissioning)Pre-investmentEngineeringProject ManagementMacro AssignmentsEvents / TrainingFuel TypesBiomassBagasseCoalNatural gasWaste heat recoverySize Range1 MW to 600 MWMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
28Key Achievements Micro Level Establishment in private, public, co-operative & other sectors, across India at the national levelFuel assessment / DPRs / TEV studies / appraisals / loan syndication / lender engineering for public, private & co-operative sector clients & banks / FIsOwner Engineering / Consultancy Services for biomass power, bagasse cogen along with concurrent sugar factory modernization / expansion & coal fired power plantsMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
29Key Achievements (contd.) Micro Level (contd.)EPC consultancy services for TANGEDCO / Govt. of TN, 12 cogen power plants along with concurrent sugar factory modernization projects (installed capacity 183 MW), in advance stages of construction & expected to commission in Sept – Dec, 2012)EPC consultancy services for HPCL Bio Fuels Ltd., integrated sugar expansion / modernization (3500 TCD), cogen power plants (20 MW) & ethanol plants (60 KLPD) at Lauriya & Sugauli in BiharMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
30Key Achievements (contd.) Micro Level (contd.)Consultant to Urjankur Trust for Shri Datta SSKL & Shri Tatyasaheb Kore Warana SSKL, DPR preparation & EPC consultancy for concurrent sugar factory modernization projectsAppointment as LIE by PNB, 2X600 MW imported coal based power plant of ITPCL at Cuddalore, Tamil NaduProject developer interface, consultancy & engineering services for BOOT projects for IREL, BPCL & DCMPre-investment & engineering services for existing / new sugar plants & ethanol plantsMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
31Key Achievements (contd.) Micro Level (contd.)Engineering services for first 67 Kg/cm2 pressure bagasse cogen power plant (Mula SSKL, 2006), first 87 Kg/cm2 pressure (YM Krishna SSKL, 2010) & first 110 Kg/cm2 pressure (Shankar SSKL, 2011) in MaharashtraEngineering services for biomass, bagasse, coal based power plants, 412 MW commissioned capacity (31 projects) & 470 MW under erection (18 projects)Approved TEV consultants & lender engineers for large no. of banks & financial institutionsMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
32Key Achievements (contd.) Macro LevelAll India Bagasse Cogen Study for IREDA, New DelhiProgram Partner & Lead Program Partner of MNREMember Secretary, Cogen India & Vice Chairman, WADECane Cogen Handbook of USAID / WII (Partner)Assessment, Strategy & Action Plan for Non Sugar Cogen Market Development Initiative for USAID / NexantGuidelines for Captive Cogen – A handbook for Govt. of Maharashtra, Department of EnergyUNDP-GEF-MNRE project, Removal of Barriers to Biomass Power Generation in IndiaRenewable Energy CertificatesMITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.
33Contact DetailsS. C. Natu Sr. Vice President (Power Division) MITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd. 1st Floor, Kubera Chambers Shivajinagar, Pune Tel : (020) / 3309, (D), Fax : (020)MITCON Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd.