Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Legislative & Regulatory Clean Air Activities in 2009 David C. Foerter Executive Director Institute of Clean Air Companies September 24, 2009 CEMTEK Users.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Legislative & Regulatory Clean Air Activities in 2009 David C. Foerter Executive Director Institute of Clean Air Companies September 24, 2009 CEMTEK Users."— Presentation transcript:

1 Legislative & Regulatory Clean Air Activities in 2009 David C. Foerter Executive Director Institute of Clean Air Companies September 24, 2009 CEMTEK Users Group Meeting Santa Ana, CA

2 Presentation Overview Who is ICAC Who is ICAC Major Regulatory Drivers for PM, Ozone, visibility, NOx, SO2, GHG Major Regulatory Drivers for PM, Ozone, visibility, NOx, SO2, GHG Additional rules Additional rules –PM in SCAQMD –Stationary Engines –Cement –Industrial boilers Wrap Up Wrap Up

3 Who Is ICAC The National Association for Air Pollution Control Manufacturers and Service Companies The National Association for Air Pollution Control Manufacturers and Service Companies Promote Better Understanding of Air Pollution Control Industry, Suppliers, Technologies, and Industry Capabilities Promote Better Understanding of Air Pollution Control Industry, Suppliers, Technologies, and Industry Capabilities –Federal, State and Local Regulatory Issues –Industry Trade Groups & Other Associations –Public-At-Large Stationary Sources Primary Focus Stationary Sources Primary Focus –Electric Power and Industrial Sectors

4 Who Are Members Represent More Than 100 Leading Companies in APC Industry Represent More Than 100 Leading Companies in APC Industry –$100 million dollar-plus projects down to $1000 retrofits Members Include: (Full and Associates) Members Include: (Full and Associates) –Architectural & Engineering Firms –Original Equipment Manufacturers and Full System Suppliers –Emissions Measurement Vendors –Component Suppliers and AQ Control Consultants Structural Steel Structural Steel Catalyst Catalyst Reagents (Ammonia, Lime, Activated Carbon, etc.) Reagents (Ammonia, Lime, Activated Carbon, etc.)

5 ICAC Member Company Markets Electric Power Sector Electric Power Sector Pulp & Paper Pulp & Paper Petroleum Refinery Petroleum Refinery Plywood Plywood Bakeries Bakeries Restaurants Restaurants Residential Wood Burning Residential Wood Burning Chemical Process Industry Metals Processing Asphalt Production Plastic Products Surface Coating Cement Manufacturing Incineration

6 Clean Air Regulations Federal Legislation Federal Legislation –Clean Air Act 1970; 1977 and 1990 Amendments –New Source Performance Standards (SO 2, NO x, and PM), Acid Rain Program, New Source Review (NSR), NESHAPS, BART, NOx SIP Call, CAIR, CAMR –Set AQ Standards (PM, Pb, O3, CO, NOx, SO2) State Regulations & NAAQS Attainment Demonstrations – transport SIP call, 126 actions State Regulations & NAAQS Attainment Demonstrations – transport SIP call, 126 actions (O 3 -1&8 hr, CO, PM 2.5,MACT Programs)

7 Clean Air Act Amendments 1977 – keeps on giving….. EPA Established New Source Review (NSR) EPA Established New Source Review (NSR) –New Plants and Major Additions to Existing Plants –Command and Control Programs –Designed to Retire Old Units with New Cleaner Units –EPA Rewrite (2003) of NSR Tied-Up in Courts – ~ 66% of utility boilers are years old New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) –Reasonably Available Control Technologies (RACT) –Best Achievable Control Technology (BACT) –Lowest Achievable Emissions Rate (LAER)

8 U.S. Legislative/Regulatory Drivers U.S. EPA Regulations Being Implemented U.S. EPA Regulations Being Implemented –Clean Air Visibility Rule (CAVR) – SO 2 and NO x –Enforcement Cases/NSR – SO 2, NO x, PM) –Ozone and PM2.5 NAAQS U.S. EPA Rules Recently Remanded by Court U.S. EPA Rules Recently Remanded by Court –Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR)/Utility MACT; propose 2010 –Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR); propose 2010 Anticipated Greenhouse Gas Requirements Anticipated Greenhouse Gas Requirements –U.S. EPA Climate Change Requirements/Regulation –111 th Congress Climate Change Legislations Waxman-Markey Waxman-Markey Clean Air Planning Act Clean Air Planning Act

9 Acid Rain Program All 50 States Affected All 50 States Affected Fossil-fuel fired power plants > 25 MW Fossil-fuel fired power plants > 25 MW SO 2 Cap-n-Trade Program SO 2 Cap-n-Trade Program –Phase 1: 1995, 445 coal- fired units –Phase 2: 2000, > 2000 coal-, oil-, gas-fired units, 10 million ton cap –Phase 3: 2008, 8.95 million ton cap NOx Annual Emissions Rate Program NOx Annual Emissions Rate Program –Averaging Plans –Alternative Emission Limits

10 Clean Air Visibility Rule Purpose of Rule Purpose of Rule –Guidelines for States to Help Meet Visibility Goals –Achieve Natural Background Visibility by 2064 Timing Timing –June Rule Finalized –December State SIPs due –December 2013 – Compliance is 3 Years after EPA Approves State SIPs Sources Affected by Rule Sources Affected by Rule –26 Different Source Categories –Built between –Units > 250 MW at Plants with >750 MW Capacity –~ 500 BART Eligible Units

11 Mercury Control Technology Drivers Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR) Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR) –38 ton cap in 2010 and 15 ton cap in 2018 –Regulate EGU Hg emissions (Sec. 111) Hg Emissions Control Approach Hg Emissions Control Approach –Activated Carbon Injection Systems –Co-benefit Control from SO 2, NO x and PM Controls Litigation Litigation –CAMR vacated Feb 8, 2009 State Mercury Regulations State Mercury Regulations –More than 20 states have proposed, finalized or implemented mercury limits or allocations more stringent than CAMR –State Model Rule ( NACAA) Option I –Phase I 80% –Phase II % Option II –Co-benefit (SO2, NOx, PM and Hg) by 2012 No trading –IL, MI, MN aggressive Hg Emission reduction targets.

12 Mercury plus February 8, the D.C. Circuit vacated EPA's rule removing power plants from the Clean Air Act list of sources of hazardous air pollutants. At the same time, the Court vacated the Clean Air Mercury Rule. February 8, the D.C. Circuit vacated EPA's rule removing power plants from the Clean Air Act list of sources of hazardous air pollutants. At the same time, the Court vacated the Clean Air Mercury Rule. February 6, DOJ, on behalf of EPA, asked the Supreme Court to dismiss EPAs request that the Court review the D.C. Circuit Courts vacatur of the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR). February 6, DOJ, on behalf of EPA, asked the Supreme Court to dismiss EPAs request that the Court review the D.C. Circuit Courts vacatur of the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR). EPA moving forward on a rule broader than coal-fired power plants and beyond mercury; informed by the courts. EPA moving forward on a rule broader than coal-fired power plants and beyond mercury; informed by the courts. At least 25 states have mercury control regulations / legislation. At least 25 states have mercury control regulations / legislation. United Nations addressing global fate of mercury. United Nations addressing global fate of mercury. Mercury CEMS sales for power plants peaked in 2008; a few being supplied to steel mills and foundries. Mercury CEMS sales for power plants peaked in 2008; a few being supplied to steel mills and foundries.

13 GHG Control Technology Drivers U.S. EPA Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for GHG U.S. EPA Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for GHG Final (9/09) Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule Final (9/09) Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule U.S. EPA Proposed Rule for Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide U.S. EPA Proposed Rule for Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Western Climate Initiative Western Climate Initiative Waxman-Markey Legislation Waxman-Markey Legislation

14 Final Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule EPA Finalized on Sept. 22, EPA Finalized on Sept. 22, Starts January 1, 2010; requires 10,000 facilities to collect GHG data. Starts January 1, 2010; requires 10,000 facilities to collect GHG data. Covers approx. 85% of GHG emissions. Covers approx. 85% of GHG emissions. Includes facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more of CO2 equivalent per year. Includes facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more of CO2 equivalent per year. First annual reports for calendar year 2010, will be submitted to EPA in Defined GH gases First annual reports for calendar year 2010, will be submitted to EPA in Defined GH gases CO2, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6 CO2, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6 Applies upstream and downstream Applies upstream and downstream –Upstream: fossil fuel and chemical producers and importers –Downstream: direct GHG emitters- large industrial facilities

15 SCAQMD PM Proposal 8/09 Proposed Performance and Maintenance Standards for PM Control Devices Performance Rule 115 to reduce direct PM emissions from various source categories venting by establishing performance (PM and opacity) standards, use of certified filtration devices, monitoring equipment, mandatory operation and maintenance plans to maintain optimum efficiency. Performance Rule 115 to reduce direct PM emissions from various source categories venting by establishing performance (PM and opacity) standards, use of certified filtration devices, monitoring equipment, mandatory operation and maintenance plans to maintain optimum efficiency. PR 1155 applies to more than 1,500 facilities with nearly 5,000 currently active permits for PM control devices. The affected sources include: PR 1155 applies to more than 1,500 facilities with nearly 5,000 currently active permits for PM control devices. The affected sources include: aggregate and related operations, aggregate and related operations, cement and asphalt plants, cement and asphalt plants, food products, food products, metallurgical, metallurgical, pharmaceutical, pharmaceutical, textile and wood products, textile and wood products, chemical product manufacturing. chemical product manufacturing.

16 SCAQMD PM Proposal- Controls Most (74%) of permitted sources have baghouses and vent bins; remaining (24 %) have cyclones, ESPs, and wet scrubbers. Most (74%) of permitted sources have baghouses and vent bins; remaining (24 %) have cyclones, ESPs, and wet scrubbers. Baghouse performance standard outlet PM concentration limit and a performance standard for new hood and ventilation systems. Baghouse performance standard outlet PM concentration limit and a performance standard for new hood and ventilation systems. –PM emissions at the outlet of any Tier 2 (>500-7,500 sq ft) or Tier 3 (>7,500 sq ft) baghouse shall not exceed 0.01 gr/dscf, immediately upon adoption of the rule. –Baghouse upgrade – Effective January 1, 2012, an existing manual shaker shall be upgraded or replaced to, at a minimum, an automated shaker unit. An operator shall not install a manual shaker baghouse after adoption of the rule. –If the PM emission limit (0.01 gr/dscf) is exceeded, EPAs verified filtration products or other technologies or methods approved by the Executive Officer shall be used, within three months, to meet the applicable requirements.

17 SCAQMD PM Proposal- Monitoring The monitoring requirements: five-minute visible emissions observation once a week using EPA Method 22 and continuous baghouse performance monitoring using a bag leak detection system (BLDS) for Tier 3 units. five-minute visible emissions observation once a week using EPA Method 22 and continuous baghouse performance monitoring using a bag leak detection system (BLDS) for Tier 3 units. A continuous opacity monitoring system (COMS) installed at an existing Tier 3 baghouse will changed to a BLDS, no later than January 1, 2015 or after the end of the useful life of a COMS, whichever occurs sooner. A continuous opacity monitoring system (COMS) installed at an existing Tier 3 baghouse will changed to a BLDS, no later than January 1, 2015 or after the end of the useful life of a COMS, whichever occurs sooner.

18 NESHAP for Existing Stationary Engines Stationary engine population (2008) Stationary engine population (2008) Gas-fired engines – 320,000 Gas-fired engines – 320,000 Diesel engines – 1,100,000 Diesel engines – 1,100,000 Over 80% of stationary diesel engines are used in emergency power applications Over 80% of stationary diesel engines are used in emergency power applications Non-Emergency Applications Non-Emergency Applications –Power generation –Oil and gas transmission (e.g., pipeline compression and transport) –Agricultural (e.g., irrigation pumps, electricity generation, etc.) –Other –pumps, welders, etc.

19 NESHAP for Existing Stationary Engines Stationary engines are contributors of: –NOx, VOC, HAP, CO, CO2, PM2.5(including carbon black) –Diesel PM2.5emissions from stationary engines are less than 10% of total diesel PM2.5mobile inventory Exhaust after treatment controls for non-emergency engines –Diesel > 300 HP at major or area source –2-and 4-stroke lean burn gas-fired HP at major source HP at major source 250 HP at area source 250 HP at area source –4-stroke rich burn gas-fired – HP at major source –50 HP at area source

20 NESHAP for Existing Stationary Engines Limits are based on: –Oxidation catalyst for diesel and 2-and 4-stroke lean burn gas-fired Up to 90% reduction for HAP, CO, and VOC; % reduction for PM2.5 Up to 90% reduction for HAP, CO, and VOC; % reduction for PM2.5 –Non-selective catalytic reduction for 4-stroke rich burn gas-fired Up to 90% reduction for HAP, CO and NOx Up to 90% reduction for HAP, CO and NOx –Although most emission reductions target non- emergency engines, limits are set for both emergency and non-emergency engines located at major sources (per Brick MACT court decision)

21 Compliance Requirements Performance testing Performance testing –Initial test only for: non-emergency engines HP at major source non-emergency engines HP at major source area sources subject to numerical standards (versus management practices) area sources subject to numerical standards (versus management practices) –Initial test plus subsequent test every 3 years or 8,760 hours for: non-emergency engines >500 HP (major or area source) non-emergency engines >500 HP (major or area source) –No test requirements for emergency engines Monitoring requirements for large engines Monitoring requirements for large engines Ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel for non-emergency CI > 300 HP Ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel for non-emergency CI > 300 HP

22 Portland Cement - NSPS June 08 proposed NSPS June 08 proposed NSPS –reduce the PM emission limit for kilns from 0.3 lb/ton of dry feed to lb/ton of clinker –set limit on NOX emissions from kilns of 1.50 lb/ton of clinker. –set limit on SO2 emissions from kilns of 1.33 lb/ton of clinker, or demonstrate a reduction in SO2 emissions from the kiln of at least 90 percent. –add new monitoring options of a bag leak detector or PM CEMS for kilns and clinker coolers to demonstrate compliance with the PM limits in lieu of the requirement for continuous opacity monitoring systems (COMS).

23 Portland Cement -NESHAP May 09 proposed NESHAP/MACT for cement kilns or cement kilns/in-line raw mills; coolers and dryers May 09 proposed NESHAP/MACT for cement kilns or cement kilns/in-line raw mills; coolers and dryers –Proposed performance specifications for mercury CEMS, and updating recordkeeping and testing requirements. PS-12A and PS12-B. –Mercury - emissions limit of 43 lb/million tons clinker for existing sources and 14 lb/MM tons clinker for new sources. 30 day rolling average. –THC - emissions limit of 7 parts per million by volume (ppmv) for existing sources and 6 ppmv for new sources (measured dry and corrected to 7 percent oxygen). 30 rolling day average. PS-8A. –PM - an emissions limit of pounds per ton (lb/ton) clinker for existing sources and lb/tons clinker for new sources. PM CEMS/PS-11. Remove opacity requirements in lieu of PM measurement. –Hydrochloric Acid - emissions limit of 2 ppmv for existing sources and 0.1 ppmv for new sources, required to use a CEMS/PS-15.

24 Proposed Cement MACT Emission Limits Proposed Emissions Limit a Range of Current Emissions Existing Source New Source Hg 12 to 3,300 lb/MM tons clinker 43 lb/MM tons clinker (30 day average) 14 lb/MM tons feed (30 day average) THC (Surrogate for Organic HAP) <1 to 173 ppmv 7 ppmv for all kilns b (30 day average) 6 ppmv for all kilns (30 day average) PM (Surrogate for nonmercury metal HAP) to 0.50 lb/ton clinker lb/ton clinker lb/ton clinker HCl <1 to 75 ppmv 2 ppmv 0.1 ppmv a For Hg, THC, and PM these limits would apply to major and area sources. For HCl these limits only apply to major sources. b We believe this value may be biased low due to lack of data.

25 Industrial Boilers Renewed focus on new and existing boilers will generate demand for controls and CEMS Renewed focus on new and existing boilers will generate demand for controls and CEMS Over 250 new boilers out through 2012; with steady growth of CEMS. Over 250 new boilers out through 2012; with steady growth of CEMS. Over 500 existing boilers to be retrofit with CEMS Over 500 existing boilers to be retrofit with CEMS

26 Industrial Boiler MACT Requirements EPA Promulgated Industrial Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Rule in EPA Promulgated Industrial Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Rule in –The rule intended to control emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters. –EPA anticipated ~58,000 existing sources to be affected. (42,000 boilers and 15,000 process heaters) Three Main Subcategories Three Main Subcategories –Solid fuel sources –Liquid fuel sources –Gaseous fuel sources

27 Industrial Boiler MACT Additional Requirements –Alternative compliance options –Emissions averaging for all large-solid fuel fired boilers located at one site. –Health based emissions limits –Three ways to verify compliance alternative eligibility

28 Existing Boiler Emission Standards

29 New Boiler Emission Standards Subcategory Emission Standards (lb/MM Btu) PM or TSM HCLMercuryCO New Solid fuel units (20ppm) 3.0 lb/TBtu 400 O2 New liquid fuel units %O2

30 Compliance Options Conduct stack emission tests Conduct stack emission tests Conduct fuel analysis Conduct fuel analysis Emissions Averaging (large solid fuel units only) Emissions Averaging (large solid fuel units only) Health based compliance alternative for HCl and TSM. Health based compliance alternative for HCl and TSM.

31 Compliance Monitoring

32 Compliance Monitoring (cont.) Continuous compliance based on monitoring and maintaining operating limits Continuous compliance based on monitoring and maintaining operating limits Monitoring Monitoring Opacity (COMS)- dry control systemsOpacity (COMS)- dry control systems Fuel (monthly records)Fuel (monthly records) Scrubber parametersScrubber parameters CO (new units only)CO (new units only) CEMS for large units >100 million Btu hr CEMS for large units >100 million Btu hr Annual CO test for other new units Annual CO test for other new units Exempt data from < 50 % load and based upon a 30 day average. Exempt data from < 50 % load and based upon a 30 day average.

33 Petitions for Reconsideration –EPA Received three petitions for reconsideration Request clarification that rule allows for testing at the common stack rather than each stack Request clarification that rule allows for testing at the common stack rather than each stack Lack of standards for all HAPs emitted on all subcategories Lack of standards for all HAPs emitted on all subcategories Health based compliance alternatives Health based compliance alternatives –State stakeholders questioned EPAs emission data for affected sources used to set MACT floor National Association for Clean Air Agencies (NACAA) issued permit guidance document National Association for Clean Air Agencies (NACAA) issued permit guidance document EPA issued a new Information Collection Request (ICR) EPA issued a new Information Collection Request (ICR) –350 sources expected to report emissions data by Sept –Court ordered EPA to re-propose rule by July 2009 and issue final rule by July 2010.

34 Compliance Testing Performance Test Requirements Performance Test Requirements –Common EPA test method for PM, TSM, HCl, mercury and CO limits EPA Method 1,2, 3,4 and 19 EPA Method 1,2, 3,4 and 19 –For PM EPA Methods 5 or 17 –For TSM EPA Methods 29 –For HCl EPA Methods 26 or 26A –For Mercury Methods 29 or 101A ASTM D or PTC 19, Part 10 ASTM D or PTC 19, Part 10 –For CO EPA Methods 10, 10A or 10B ASTM D (natural gas only) ASTM D (natural gas only)

35 Proposed Rules Methods to Measure Filterable and Condensable PM Emissions (methods 201 & 202 mods.) Methods to Measure Filterable and Condensable PM Emissions (methods 201 & 202 mods.) Standards of Performance for New Sources: Test Method 2H – volumetric stack flow for Title IV/SIP sources Standards of Performance for New Sources: Test Method 2H – volumetric stack flow for Title IV/SIP sources Refineries – proposed June 08 NSPS – PM, NOx, SO2, CO THC Refineries – proposed June 08 NSPS – PM, NOx, SO2, CO THC

36 Why Accurate Measurements CEMS require daily calibration CEMS require daily calibration Without regular calibration the monitors may be reporting incorrectly which could be costly! Without regular calibration the monitors may be reporting incorrectly which could be costly! Verify accurate readings due to drift for CEMS and other gas analyzers. Verify accurate readings due to drift for CEMS and other gas analyzers.

37

38 Thank You David C. Foerter, Executive Director (202) Institute of Clean Air Companies 1730 M Street, NW, Suite 206 Washington, DC


Download ppt "Legislative & Regulatory Clean Air Activities in 2009 David C. Foerter Executive Director Institute of Clean Air Companies September 24, 2009 CEMTEK Users."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google