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UCSD Medical Center - Hillcrest Campus Case Study Gerry White Facilities Design & Construction University of California, San Diego.

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Presentation on theme: "UCSD Medical Center - Hillcrest Campus Case Study Gerry White Facilities Design & Construction University of California, San Diego."— Presentation transcript:

1 UCSD Medical Center - Hillcrest Campus Case Study Gerry White Facilities Design & Construction University of California, San Diego

2 UCSD Medical Center Former county hospital which became part of UCSD in the late 1960s 17 buildings of varying age 870,000 square feet total 490,000 square feet in main hospital

3 UCSD Medical Center Original HVAC Equipment Four chillers, 2380 tons capacity –Two 760 ton centrifugal chillers, 1975, R-11 –160 ton air cooled unit, 1982, R-22 –700 ton 2-stage absorption unit, 1991 Three cooling towers Primary chilled water distribution system Four boilers –3 can only operate at 60% of rated capacity –Unreliable and unsafe

4 UCSD Medical Center Original Electricity Consumption

5 UCSD Medical Center Original Gas Consumption

6 UCSD Medical Center Project Scenario High utility costs –Consumed ~31 million kWh/year and 1.5 million therms, $2.8 million per year Lack of sufficient cooling capacity to meet load requirements Unreliable and unsafe boilers working at low capacity Unused thermal storage facility

7 UCSD Medical Center Major Project Challenges Selling project and finding financing –hospital finances very tight –project had to pay for itself Keeping hospital operational –night and off-hour work –use of temporary chillers –transition from old to new controls

8 UCSD Medical Center Project Solutions Load reductions Distribution system improvements New central plant equipment New control system Recommissioned systems

9 UCSD Medical Center Load Reductions Lighting improvements coincident with project –High efficiency T-8 lamps with electronic ballasts –Changed over 15,000 fixtures –Light levels maintained Reactivated an old, unused thermal energy storage system –3,500 ton/hr system –500 tons cooling capacity

10 UCSD Medical Center Distribution System Improvements Air handling unit replacement –replaced several selected supply and exhaust units Replaced AHU components –cooling coils & control valves Chilled water system –converted to primary/secondary –changed to 2-way valves

11 UCSD Medical Center Central Plant Equipment Removed two oldest R ton chillers –installed two new 750 ton R-123 chillers Removed 3 older boilers –replaced with 2 new low NOx dual fuel boilers Upgraded all chilled water and steam system plant auxillary systems

12 UCSD Medical Center Control Systems & Commissioning Upgraded entire control system to direct digital control Energy conservation strategies implemented –night-time AHU discharge temperature resets –discriminator controls set discharge temperatures to meet worst zone conditions Recommissioned all HVAC systems and steam distribution system

13 UCSD Medical Center Integrated Economics

14 UCSD Medical Center Financing Structure University financed for a 10-year term Low interest rate (7.75%) on external financing Tax-exempt financing Positive cash flow of ~ $400,000 annually –~ $1,300,000 annual energy and O&M savings –~ $900,000 annual loan payment

15 UCSD Medical Center Project Timeline 28 months to complete project

16 UCSD Medical Center Project Results 10 million kWh/year reduction in electricity usage for the complex (30%) Cooling load reduced 500 tons (17%) Gas consumption down 600,000 therms/yr (40%) Utility savings of $950,000 annually (33%) Maintenance savings of $340,000 annually Improved building comfort from better balancing Better system reliability and controllability


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