One VPP Site on Arc Flash An outside contractor conducted an evaluation in 2008 to determine hazard categories related to NFPA 70E. Ninety percent of the electrical panels are rated at Category 0. Signs have been posted on the panels, listing the protection boundaries, PPE, arc flash category, etc. Some of the electrical equipment is rated at Category 1 and 2. The switchgear is rated at Category 3, but this is only accessed by the utility company. According to the VPP site, their employees would only be exposed to Category 0 equipment. No employees are not allowed to work on live equipment, but would perform testing to ensure the power was off. The employees are provided with electrical-rated gloves and PPE. Insulated tools are available. Electrical contractors working on Category 1 and/or Category 2 equipment would be required to wear appropriate PPE. If the contractor works on live electrical equipment, the contractor must complete an electrical permit, at which time, safety procedures/requirements would be reviewed.
Trends 65 Sigcases History 8% Incentives & DART Grinnel Case subpeona 40 y.o. most death (50 next) Mediation by AD
Seven Hot Works Keys from CSB 1.Use Alternatives 2.Analyze the Hazards 3.Monitor the Atmosphere 4.Test the Area 5.Use Written Permits 6.Train Thoroughly 7.Supervise Contractors
Problem Over a hundred boiler explosions and fires in the last ten years. These are pressure vessels. People assigned to operate and maintain the boilers have little or no boiler safety training.
Some basics on working with machinery In the case of Michele Dufaults death, OSHA told Yale the lathe lacked required safeguards and that the school's policies and practices for its operation were unsafe. Guarding protects workers from hazards such as those created by point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks, and these guards are an obligation of the employer to the worker - 1910.212(a)(1)1910.212(a)(1)
Small Explosion at UConn Research Lab Sep 27, 2011 A small chemical explosion in a research building laboratory has left one person with minor injuries. The incident happened at about 2:45 p.m. Tuesday at the Cell and Genome Sciences Building, which is across the street from the health center's main campus in Farmington. The building has been evacuated as a precaution and it's not clear when it will reopen. What is the training of lab personnel?
Inspections Risk Frequency Mapping Fatals Safety + Health Sectors Confined Space ~120
Industrial Hygiene Focus are as part of OSHAs operating plan More industrial hygiene sampling Focus on noise sampling, citation, and abatement of noise hazards Focus on health hazard documentation and abatement of hazards Focus on removal of workers from health related hazards
National Emphasis Programs (not LEP) Chemical Plants / PSM Amputations Trenching Crystalline Silica Lead Combustible Dust Federal Agency Air Traffic Control Towers Flavorings Recordkeeping Primary Metals
Region V Local Emphasis Programs for FY11 Fall Hazards in Construction Primary Metals Building Renovation/Rehabilitation (Gut Rehab) Amputation Targeting in GI Powered Industrial Vehicles (Construction & GI) Grain
IH Problem #1 Noise BLS 125,000+ workers w permanent, hearing loss since 2004 In 2008 alone, 22,000 hearing loss cases were reported
Effective hearing conservation program? Monitoring Engineering, work practice, and administrative controls Hearing protectors with an adequate noise reduction rating Employee training and education in hazards and protection measures Baselines and annual audiometry
#2 Lead Requires compliance with 1910.1025 Overexposure can occur in less than 5 minutes when torch cutting or painting Bottom of a cupola. Contractor.
#3 Silica 150-200 deaths a year (2004) 1150-1200 deaths a year (1968) Yet….one company had 3 silicosis and 10x+ severe respiratory diseases
#4 Copper Fumes - Welding Copper is inhalation hazard affecting respiratory system Mild steel (red iron) and carbon steel contain manganese Manganese may cause Parkinson's disease What do you see?
#5 Total Dust All the things not regulated. Good, bad, or indifferent? Air blowing! Combustible? Edible?
#6 Iron Oxide -Welding Metal fume fever Direct Draw or forced ventilation should be used Personal Protective Equipment should be used Bystanders should be protected as well
#7 Carbon Monoxide Generators are most common problem of CO Heaters out of tune are another cause CO TWA is 50 ppm Others set levels 25 ppm
#8 Hex Chrome Stainless steel contains nickel and chromium Some cements
Where to Start? Risk Management – Frequent Risks/High Severity Job Hazard Analysis Operating Procedures Emergency Procedures Training Incident Investigations Audits
Job Safety Analysis Blank form - Copy for use at the workplace Item Work activityHazardRisk controlPersons responsibleCompletion NumberBreak the job down into steps What could harm someone?What can be done to make the job safe? Who will make sure it happens? Date and signoff
Future More Sector targeting vs. DART More JHAs More guidance documents Business case for safety OIS Ever see a large corporation have one secured single sign on with multiple devices at multiple locations using cloud emails and access to all its software platforms?
OSHA Standards Most Frequently Cited Violations Region V 1.Machine Guarding, General 2.Hazard Communication-Program 3.Hazard Communication, Training 4.Lockout/Tagout Procedures 5.Lockout/Tagout Program 6.Powered Industrial Trucks 7.Machine Guarding, Point of Operation 8.Lockout/Tagout, Periodic inspections 9.Hazard Assessment & PPE Selection 10.Guarding Floor & Wall Openings & Holes General Industry 1.Fall Protection, Residential 2.Fall Protection, Training 3.Safety program, frequent & regular inspections 4.Ladders 5.Eye & Face Protection 6.Head Protection 7.Scaffolds, Fall Protection 8.Fall Protection, General 9.Safety program 10.Excavations Construction