Presentation on theme: "INSTRUMENTATION PRESSURE MEASUREMENT: TWO Nos. PRESSURE TRANSMITTERS PROVIDED IN THE UPSTREAM OF HP BYPASS PRESSURE CONTROL VALVES, IN THE MAIN STEAM."— Presentation transcript:
INSTRUMENTATION PRESSURE MEASUREMENT: TWO Nos. PRESSURE TRANSMITTERS PROVIDED IN THE UPSTREAM OF HP BYPASS PRESSURE CONTROL VALVES, IN THE MAIN STEAM LINE. RANGE : 0 TO 200 kg/sq.cm TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT: TWO Nos. K-TYPE DUPLEX THERMOCOUPLES ARE PROVIDED IN EACH LINE, LOCATED AT THE DOWNSTREAM OF EACH HP BYPASS PRESSURE CONTROL VALVES. RANGE : 100 TO 450°C.
PROCESS MONITORING PRESSURE / TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT: The 4 to 20 mA analog signals received from the Pressure transmitters and the mV signals received from Thermocouples are digitally processed in the DCS. These signals are monitored to generate internal and external digital signals for interlocks and alarm generation.
ALARMS, INTERLOCKS and PROTECTION ALARMS: The following are the main Alarms generated in the system: Pressure/Temperature transmitters failure. Main steam pressure too high. Downstream temperature high/very high. Tracking Pressure set point failure. Pressure control valves opened more than 2%. Pressure control valves closed less than 2%. Hydraulic Oil pressure too low. Any fast opening criteria operated. Any closing criteria operated.
ALARMS, INTERLOCKS and PROTECTION INTERLOCKS: The following are the important interlocks provided in the system: When the Pressure control valves are closed less than 2% and in Manual mode, a forced close signal is provided to prevent the valve from drift open. When the Main steam pressure is too high, then the Fast opening device is activated. Whenever the pressure control valve is opened more than 2%, then the associated Spray control valve will switchover to Auto mode, if it was in Manual mode before. When the system is in auto mode and if the process signal is failed, then the associated control loop will be switched to manual mode.
ALARMS, INTERLOCKS and PROTECTION PROTECTION: The following are the important interlocks provided in the system: When the down stream temperature of Pressure control valves is too high or when the condenser vacuum is low, then the Pressure control valves are closed on priority. When the Turbine trips or when the Generator CB is open, the opening device is activated to prevent Boiler trip.
HP / LP BYPASS SYSTEM HRH MSL BOILER BP HPTMPT LPT CRH CRH NRV LBP LPC CO N LBP E BFP BPE BD LEGEND BP : HP BYPASS VALVE BD : HP SPRAY ISOLATION VALVE CON : CONDENSOR LBP: LP BYPASS VALVE BPE : HP SPRAY VALVE LBPE : LP SPRAY VALVE BFP: BOILER FEED PUMP CRH : COLD REHEAT LINE LPC : LP COOLER HPT: HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE HRH : HOT REHEAT LINE LPT : LOW PR. TURBINE MSL: MAIN STEAM LINE MPT : MEDIUM PR. TURBINE
HP BYPASS CONTROL SCHEME = P T = MAIN STEAM LINE BD BPE MASTER PRESSURE CONTROLLER TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER PRESSURE SET POINT STATION TEMPERATURE SET POINT STATION To CRH To TURBINE