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Bernard Hayes Country Sale Director ALSTOM AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND.

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Presentation on theme: "Bernard Hayes Country Sale Director ALSTOM AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bernard Hayes Country Sale Director ALSTOM AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND

2 - 10/06/ P 2 Agenda Alstom Today The CO 2 Challenge Alstoms CO 2 Strategy CO 2 – Future Directions

3 - 10/06/ P 3 ALSTOM - Core competencies 3 Rail Transport World Rail Speed Record Power Systems 25% of the Worlds installed capacity Power Service

4 - 10/06/ P 4 ALSTOM today Sales A$ bn Orders A$ 38 bn Order backlog A$ bn Employees 76,000 Presence 70 countries Market Capitalisation ~ A$ 38 bn Listed on Paris Stock Exchange FY 2006/7

5 - 10/06/ P 5 Innovation – a top priority Increasing R&D expense to A$900 million (+ 21%) in 2007/08 Technical leadership evident in major programmes: Power: 7 partnerships for 8 pilot plants for CO 2 capture (USA, Canada, Germany, France, Norway, Sweden) Transport: AGV, new Citadis tram, signalling Innovative Technologies in Alstom

6 - 10/06/ P 6 The Environment is at the core of our business The Environment is the main driver for Alstom Clean Power challenge Environmental benefits of rail transport

7 - 10/06/ P 7 ALSTOM - coverage across Australia & NZ Sydney Head Office Engineering, Sales Hamilton, NZ Power Service Office Sales Office Brisbane SIGMA Energy Solutions Power Service Office Sales Office Workshop for rotating plant Satellite for GTs, Hydro, Site Services, Leak seal Maitland Perth Sales office Power Service Office Projects Office Melbourne Sales Office Transport Office Satellite for all field services Hobart Power Service Workshop Sales Office OrdersAUD $1.1bn EmployeesApprox 700 OrdersAUD $1.1bn EmployeesApprox 700

8 Technologies adapted to all major energy sources POWER - Present in All Major PowerGen Fuel Markets GasCoal Hydro Nuclear (conventional part) Wind

9 - 10/06/ P 9 Strong presence Medium presence No presence Products Renewable Hydro Wind Large GT Large ST Boilers Gene- rators HRSGHEXECS Plant Nuclear/ Conv. Island Alstom Comp. 1 Comp. 2 Comp. 3 Players Product portfolio compared with competition Alstom has the most extensive product offering

10 - 10/06/ P 10 Gas Turbines MW Steam Turbines MW Hydro Turbines 5MW - 750MW Wind Turbines 640kW - 3MW Generators 10MW MW CFB Boilers 50MW - 600MW Sub Critical Boilers120MW - 750MW Super Critical Boilers 400MW MW HRSGs (covering complete GT range) Environmental Control PM, Nox, Sox, Hg Control Systems For all plant types The largest portfolio for integrated power solutions

11 - 10/06/ P 11 Alstom - The Plant Integrator Optimise the whole power plant Large GT Large ST Boilers Gene- rators HRSG/ HEX ECS Plant Turnkey/EPC Component suppliers Architect Engineers (A/E) Comp. 1 Comp. 2 Comp. 3 Alstom

12 - 10/06/ P 12 Power Service - Powering Performance Proactive managementCustomers Full service Added value service Spare parts, maintenance Diagnostics and monitoring, upgrades, refurbishments Spare parts, maintenance and technical support Integrated maintenance, service contracts, O&M

13 - 10/06/ P 13 Agenda The CO 2 Challenge Alstom Today Alstoms CO 2 Strategy CO 2 – Future Directions

14 - 10/06/ P 14 ALSTOMs Position on CO 2 Alstom is a technology company in PowerGen and Transport, not a atmospheric scientific research organisation Accept as scientifically measured fact that atmospheric CO 2 concentrations & global atmospheric temperatures have risen over recent decades Acknowledges that IPCC has recognised link between anthropogenic CO 2 and earth surface temperature is unequivocal Acknowledges that Governments are establishing policy setting to counteract manmade CO 2 in response Consequently Alstom is developing technological solutions to allow our customers to meet new Govt policy settings

15 CO 2 Intensity and Temperature Current atmospheric CO 2 concentration 380 ppm, highest ever… CO2 Rise IPCC Temperature projections

16 Total worldwide CO 2 Reduction Requirements – IPCC Targets Greenhouse gas emissions and required reductions to stabilize concentrations (IEA) Business as usual 550ppm 450ppm Gt CO 2 /Year - 35/40% - 45/50% IPCC now estimates the target CO 2 concentration to limit world temperature increase to 2°C is between 350 and 450 ppm

17 Abatements Required to Meet IPCC Target for 2030 Power Industry will need a 7.7 GT CO2-e pa reduction by 2030 incl 4.7 GT CO2-e pa from Carbon Capture and Storage to meet 500 ppm

18 Projected Power Industry Growth to 2030 Coal will still the major fuel source in 2030 China & Aisa the Major Growth Areas

19 Power Gen Emissions Growth to 2030 without CCS No Chance for Power Gen to meet IPCC CO2 Targets without CCS and Involvement of China China Driving Emissions Growth Emissions from Coal (esp in China) Driving Emissions Growth

20 Meeting IPCCs 450 ppm CO2 Tragets for 2030 The Challenges for Power Gen to meet IPCC Target: 1.Implementing Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) 2.Adoption of CCS into China

21 - 10/06/ P 21 Agenda Alstom Today CO 2 – Future Directions Alstoms CO 2 Strategy The CO 2 Challenge

22 - 10/06/ P 22 ALSTOMs CO2 Strategy for Fossil Fuel Power Generation 1.Increased efficiency of the installed base 2.Highest efficiencies for new coal and gas plants 3.CO2 capture ready for new power plant 4.CO2 capture solutions to retrofit to the installed base and for new plants The 4 Pillars of Alstoms Fight against CO2

23 1& 2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY From service to retrofit and new plants… New Equipment High efficiency plants Biomass co-firing Carbon capture and storage Service and Retrofit Retrofit (efficiency improvement) Biomass Cofiring/Fuel switch Integrated Retrofit Projects Existing power plant New power plant

24 1& 2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY Biomass Co-firing - example Retrofit to Biomass co-firing in UK 2x 60 T/Hr Biomass fuel handling and preparation systems 2006, UK, 2/4 x 500 MWe ALSTOM T Fired Boilers EPC 20% Heat input Biomass and 2x 100MWe – CO2 free Multi Fuels = Wood Pellets, Palm Kernels, Olive Stones, Olive Cake Total CO2 savings per year = 800kt pa ! NEXT STEPS: Several projects under discussion R&D Program to develop wider range of biomass fuel source capabilities

25 - 10/06/ P 25 Hazelwood 2030 Demonstration Project Customer: International Power Integrated Plant Retrofit Lignite Dryer Installation Demonstration CO2 reduction project 1& 2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY Lignite Drying - Hazelwood 2030 Demonstration Project

26 1. INCREASED EFFICIENCY Emission Reduction through Plant Retrofitting ~ 0.5% IP RetrofitLP RetrofitHP Retrofit ~ 3%~ 1.5% Emissions reduction ~ 3%~ 1.5% Performance improvement (Heat Rate) Further performance improvement through integrated boiler and turbine retrofit solutions g/kWh

27 2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY New Steam Plant – Higher Steam Conditions to boost Efficincies New Plant Efficiency Targets : Combined Cycle Gas Fired Combined Cycle Plants: 60% + (nett) Black Coal Fired Steam Plants:50%+ (nett)

28 3. CAPTURE READY PLANT CONCEPT For New Plant Built before CCS is Commercialised Address today the issues raised by future stringent CO2 regulations CO2 ready power plant concept CO 2 capture ready plant definition: Plant designed to have CO 2 capture added at some time in the future with minimal impact on plant lifetime performance and cost Availability of a CO 2 ready plant: Based on post-combustion scrubbing or oxy- combustion processes, coal-fired plants are CO 2 ready provided that: Transport and storage of CO2 is validated Extra room is left for the installation /layout for the capture plant or ASU Suitable back-end equipment is installed Future shut-down time is minimised The needThe answer Insure CO2 readiness of current power plants – IEA Standards Source : ALSTOM analysis

29 3. CAPTURE READY PLANT CONCEPT CO2 Capture Ready concept for a Coal Power Plant Improvement of flue gas cleaning and potentially addition of components Preparation for increased low pressure steam demand from steam turbine Control system adaptation Provisions in arrangement planning Provision for auxiliary Power consumption Optimisation of the cooling system Recovery of heat in the CO2 capture and compression Optimisation of the Boiler surfaces according Modifications of the heat load sharing An integrated approach is key

30 - 10/06/ P 30 Example of CO 2 a Capture Plant

31 - 10/06/ P CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS Zero emission technology pathways Pre-combustion (New plants only) Pre-combustion (New plants only) Power Plant with CO 2 Capture Post-combustion (New + retrofit) Post-combustion (New + retrofit) Oxy-combustion (New + retrofit) Oxy-combustion (New + retrofit) Source: Vattenfall SOLUTIONS DEVELOPED BY ALSTOM Source: Vattenfall All require a form of Gas Separation Technology

32 Cost of electricity comparison Benchmark Analysis, based on EPRI, IEA, CPS, CERA studies ALSTOM analysis 58,5 75,8 61,3 67,9 48, CoE ($ / MWh net) IGCC without capture SCPC without Capture SCPC with Future Amine Capture SCPC with Amonia Capture Oxy PCIGCC with capture USC PC and ALSTOM technologies 4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS Technology comparison –2015 Design – 650 Mwe (net)

33 4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS A. Pre Combustion Solution for New Plants: IGCC+Capture CO2 Capture technology is proven and economical in other industries High Capital and Operating Costs Limited operation flexibility Plant retrofit: not possible Larger Landspace requirements Highest cost of electricity Can make sense in polygeneration context API Falconara IGCC, 290 MW Cogeneneration with ALSTOM 190 MW GT13E2

34 Fuel Flexibility Significant boiler size reduction Possibility of integrated membrane oxygen production being studied Recycled solids control CFB temperature in external exchanger 4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS B. Oxy-combustion : Oxyfired CFB

35 H 2 O CO 2 Condenser Natural gas, refinery gas, Coal, Fuel-oil, Petcoke,Biomass Fuel Air (C x H y ) Me + 1/2O2 -> MeO Air Reactor CxHy + MeO -> Me + CO2 + H2O Fuel Reactor MeO Me Electricity Production Depleted air (N 2, O 2 ) N 2, O 2 H 2 O, CO 2 Electricity Production CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS B. Oxy-combustion: Chemical Looping Metal Oxides

36 4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS C. Post Combustion Solutions for New Plants and Retrofit Available in commercial scale Retrofitable and flexible High energy demand for regeneration of solvents CO 2 absorption processes (MEA, MDEA) PP Esbjerg (DK) 1 t CO 2 /h pilot plant (CASTOR EU-FP6)

37 4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS C. Chilled Ammonia Process A promising technology for post combustion carbon capture Advantages High efficiency capture of CO 2 and low heat of reaction Low cost reagent No degradation during absorption- regeneration Tolerance to oxygen and contaminations in flue gas Principle Ammonia (NH 3 ) reacts with CO 2 and water. It forms ammonia carbonate or bicarbonate Moderately raising the temperatures reverses the above reactions – releasing CO 2 5 MW Pilot Plant (USA) Start-up anticipated for 2007

38 - 10/06/ P 38 Agenda Alstom Today Alstom CO 2 Strategy CO 2 – Future Directions The CO 2 Challenge

39 - 10/06/ P 39 Coal - Current Status and Medium Term Developments Installed base New base ALSTOM SOLUTION NOW ALSTOM SOLUTION TOMORROW Improved efficiency through integrated retrofits up to 3% points Reduced conventional emissions by 95% - 99% through Environmental Control Systems Black Coal Net Plant Efficiencies >46.5% today *) Post combustion CO 2 scrubbing to achieve emission reduction Efficiencies of 50%+ Post-combustion CO 2 capture Oxyfiring Pre-combustion CO 2 capture? *) LHV based; plants under construction with ~30 mbar condenser pressure by river/seawater cooling)

40 - 10/06/ P 40 Gas - Current Status and Medium Term Developments Improved Efficiency by Conversion of Open Cycle Plants to Combined Cycle Plants from ~35% to ~55%+ *) Improved efficiency by up to 1% points through upgrades Efficiencies up to 59% for Combined Cycle * Post combustion CO 2 scrubbing to achieve emission reduction Efficiencies of 60%+ Post-combustion CO 2 capture ALSTOM SOLUTION NOW Installed base New base ALSTOM SOLUTION TOMORROW *) LHV based; ISO conditions, 45 mbar condenser pressure

41 - 10/06/ P 41 Main Alstom Demonstration Partnerships/Projects Announced CHILLED AMMONIA OXY-COMB 0.25 MWt 5 MWt 30 MWt >200 MWt 5 MWt 40 MWt 30 MWt Stanford (US) - Gas and Coal Pleasant Prairie (US) - Coal Mountaineer (US) - Coal Northeastern (US) - Coal Karlshamn (Sweden) - Gas Mongstad (Norway) - Gas Schwarze Pumpe (Germany) - Coal Lacq (France) - Gas ADVANCED AMINES Joint Development Partnership Lignite Drying Hazelwood 2030 (Australia) 330 MWt

42 - 10/06/ P 42 Capture and Storage Deployment time-line Ample storage available but its timely deployment is the likely bottleneck Post- comb. Pre- comb. Oxy- comb. EU,US Australia 2025 Pilot / DemoCommercialization Ramp-up to full scale saline aquifer storage Pilot / Demo Progressive pipeline deployment, depending on validated storage sites Pilot / Demo Commercialization Pre-commercial 2007 EOR + validation of storage sites Transport Storage Capture Roadmap EU,US Australia Source : Alstom Analysis Pre- commercial Local, limited EOR projects + Demo

43 - 10/06/ P 43 Carbon intensity solutions are available today for the installed base Post Combustion CCS offers the best long term solution to fossil fuel power station GHG emissions Alstom is participating in the development of carbon capture solutions which should be commercially available from 2015 on CO2 Conclusion

44 - 10/06/ P 44 Post-Combustion Field Pilot at WE Energies Industrial pilot program Project participation through EPRI by over 30 US and international utilities Designed to capture up around 15,000 tons/year of CO2 at full capacity Absorber and cooling systems commissioned Erection of regenerator system in completion Parametric testing to commence March 2008 Will provide data necessary to establish proof of concept Test Bench 5 MW, start up in February 2008 Pleasant Prairie Power Plant (US)

45 - 10/06/ P 45 Post-Combustion Field Pilot at E.ON Karlshamn Industrial pilot program Designed to capture up around 15,000 tons/year of CO2 at full capacity Project schedule: - Commissionning July 08 - Testing Fall 2008 Testing to continue into late 2009 Test bench 3D schematic Karlshamn Power Plant (Sweden)

46 - 10/06/ P 46 Industrial demonstrator 40 MWt, Mongstad (Norway) Industrial demonstrator 30 MWt, Mountaineer (US) Designed to capture up around 100,000 tons/year of CO2 at full capacity Saline aquifers storage Commenced engineering Oct 07 Project commissioning 09 European Test Centre Mongstad for flue gases from natural gas CHP plant and a refinery Designed to capture 100,000 tons/year Post-Combustion Demonstrations: AEP & STATOIL

47 - 10/06/ P 47 Post Combustion Partnership with DOW Amine CO2 capture is proven Retrofitable Installed on a few plants burning coal High energy demand for regeneration Exclusive partnership with DOW – Advanced Amines – Improved Process – Plant Integration SHADY POINT, OKLAHOMA, USA AES CFB w/ MEA CO2 separation PP Esbjerg Denmark 1 t CO 2 /h pilot plant (CASTOR EU-FP6) Warrior Run, Maryland AES CFB w/MEA CO 2 separation

48 - 10/06/ P 48 Oxy-Combustion Oxy-PC: Demonstration 30 MW th: Vattenfall Source: Vattenfall Main features 5,2 t/h solid fuel 10t/h oxygen 40 t/h steam 9 t/h CO2 ALSTOM supplies the oxy-boiler and ESP Goal: validation and improvement of oxyfuel process starting summer MWt Demonstration – Schwarze Pumpe, Germany

49 - 10/06/ P 49 WEBCAM: Oxy boiler Cryogenic unit CO2 Compression Oxy-Combustion Oxy-PC: Demonstration 30 MW th: Vattenfall

50 - 10/06/ P 50 Oxy-Combustion Oxy-PC: Demonstration 30 MW th: TOTAL Lacq Source: TOTAL Main features 40 t/h steam, 240 t/day Oxygen 150,000 tons CO2 will be stored in a depleted gas field 30 MWt demonstration – Lacq, France Goal: validation and improvement of oxyfuel process starting 2008


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