Presentation on theme: "2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - Price"— Presentation transcript:
1 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - Price What price tag would you put on each of the following items?HarrodsVintage BugattiA Pablo Picasso’s 1932 paintingA pair of Michael Jackson’s boxer shorts
2 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - Price Revisiting Unit 1In unit 1 you looked at the factors that businesses consider when pricing their productsPricing and demandCompetitor pricesPricing based on costsIn unit 2 you will be looking at pricing decisions that will aid the growth of the business
3 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - Price In this topic you will learn about:Pricing decisions for growthFactors affecting pricing decisions
4 Pricing decisions for growth 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PriceThere are a variety of pricing methods used by a business when trying to grow:Price skimmingThis involves setting a high price at the launch of a product as some consumers are willing to pay a high price for the product to have it immediately.Using this method means that a business maximises revenues at the high end of the market, normally those with higher disposable incomes.Once the top end of the market has been ‘skimmed’ the business will lower prices.Have you ever paid a high price for a product when it first comes out?A mobile phoneGame stationLatest trainers
5 Pricing decisions for growth 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PricePricing decisions for growthPrice penetrationHere, the business sets a low price in order to gain market share. Once this objective has been met the business will raise prices.The idea is to build up a customer base and hope for repeat custom once prices have been increased.This tends to occur when the business is targeting a mass market.Draw a spider diagram to show products that use price penetration.
6 Pricing decisions for growth 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PricePricing decisions for growthCompetitive pricingOften, a business will have to take into account the prices of other businesses in the marketThe greater the degree of competition in the market the more important price becomesHas the introduction of price comparison websitesincreased the use of competitive pricing?
7 Pricing decisions for growth 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PricePricing decisions for growthLoss leaderThis occurs when a business sets price below the cost of the productThis can attract customers to a store where they will also buy additional productsSome firms sell the core product as a loss leader and make additional sales by selling accessories to the productWhy might a supermarket decide to sell a product such as a CD or garden furniture as a loss leader?
8 Pricing decisions for growth 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PriceCost-plusThis occurs when a business sets a price based on the unit cost of the product by adding a profit mark upThis ensures that every unit sold at least covers the cost of the productThis takes into account total costsMake some additional notes on price as you watch this video clip
9 Applying Pricing Strategies - Starter 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PriceApplying Pricing Strategies - StarterMatch the term on the left with the correct definition on the right1. Cost-plus pricinga. Setting price to cover the costs of a productb. The % added to the cost plus price for profit2. Loss leader3. Mark upc. An opening low price to gain market share4. Penetration pricingd. An opening high price for a new producte. A good priced so low that it does not even cover its costs5. Skimming
10 Applying Pricing Strategies - Starter 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PriceApplying Pricing Strategies - StarterMatch the term on the left with the correct definition on the righta. Setting price to cover the costs of a product1. Cost-plus pricinge. A good priced so low that it does not even cover its costs2. Loss leader3. Mark upb. The % added to the cost plus price for profit4. Penetration pricingc. An opening low price to gain market share5. Skimmingd. An opening high price for a new product
11 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - Price Group ActivityFor each scenario below identify and justify an appropriate pricing method:Class Kitchens Ltd. make made to measure kitchens, each one is individually designed to meet the exact needs of the customerHiT have just launched the latest advancement in non-stick cookware, with a 20 year guaranteeCraft Kitchens have acquired a bulk purchase of branded barbeque accessories at an unbelievably low costNeedle Convenience Stores are stocking Dairy Milk promotional chocolate bars in the lead up to 2012 Olympic Games
12 Factors affecting pricing decisions 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PriceFactors affecting pricing decisionsA number of factors will affect the pricing decisions made by businesses.The AQA specification gives two examples:The nature of the marketWho is the customer and what are they willing to pay for the product? Brand image is important in allowing firms to charge higher pricesThe degree of competitionFewer businesses mean less competition. Firms will tend to compete on factors other than price e.g. Promotion.
13 End 5 Minute Test What is price penetration? State one advantage of using price skimmingA garden bench costs £20 to make. A business uses cost-plus pricing adding a ten percent profit mark-up. What is the selling price?What is meant by the term loss leader?State two factors that will affect the pricing decision of a business.End
14 What is meant by price skimming? (2 marks) 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PriceSnowslopes Ltd. introduces the latest trends in ski and surfwear each season. This year the ski industry has seen the launch of a new high tech fabric which is ultra light and ultra warm making ski clothing easier to pack and more comfortable. Such technologically advanced fabrics, however, come at a high price. Sophie is pleased with initial sales, supported by a strategy of price skimming.Question TimeWhat is meant by price skimming? (2 marks)Identify two factors that have enabled Snowslopes Ltd. to adopt a strategy of price skimming (2 marks)How could Snowslopes Ltd. Change its pricing methods to help expand sales in the future? Give reasons for your answer (9 marks)
15 Sample GCSE Question Unit 2 2010 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - PriceSample GCSE Question UnitSmith’s Ltd is competing against some very big supermarket chains which sell a wide variety of products, not only organic food. The Marketing Director is concerned that the larger supermarkets have a much wider product range and can charge lower prices.If Smith’s Ltd does expand, it will need to adopt a marketing plan to be able to compete with the biggest supermarkets. Smith’s Ltd will also need to attract new customers, especially in those parts of the country where they are not yet established.
16 2.2 Using the Marketing Mix - Price (a)Explain two ways in which a larger supermarket could use its size to gain an advantage over its smaller competitors (5 marks)2(b)Explain two ways in which Smithís Ltd could extend its product portfolio (5 marks)2(c)How could Smith’s Ltd use pricing methods to help it expand its business. Give reasons for your answer (9 marks)