3Dual PriceZ=W Z is the dollars and W should also be the dollars. W= ∑bi yi bi represents the number of units available of resource i. Therefore Dollars= unit of resource i X yi Hence yi= dollars/unit of resource I So yi or dual price or shadow price of a resource I is the worth per unit of resource i.
4Dual PriceEach dual price is associated with a constraint. It is the amount of improvement in the objective function value that is caused by a one-unit increase in the RHS of the constraint.It is also called Shadow Price.
5More on Dual Price:A dual price can be negative, which shows a negative ( or worse off) contribution to the objective function value by an additional unit of RHS increase of the constraint.
6Primal and Dual in LPEach linear program has another associated with it. They are called a pair of primal and dual.Primal and dual have equal optimal objective function values.The solution of the dual is the dual prices of the primal, and vice versa.