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Agenda Server Trends Performance Power Efficiency Price

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Presentation on theme: "Agenda Server Trends Performance Power Efficiency Price"— Presentation transcript:

0 Server Trends Daniel Bowers @Daniel_Bowers

1 Agenda Server Trends Performance Power Efficiency Price
Placeholder for text (substitute your own text; delete when not used) Server Trends Performance Power Efficiency Price Pizzabox Performance Trends Subsystem Trends CPU Memory Power Other Trends

2 Server Performance Trends, 2007 - 2012

3 Server Performance Trends, 2007 - 2012
Same chart, but logarithmic scale

4 Comparing Trends vs. Moore’s Law
Moore’s Law is one of these 3: Transistors on a chip double every 2 years Transistors on a chip double every 18 months Chip Performance doubles every 18 months

5 Server Performance Trends, 2007 - 2012

6 Server Efficiency Trend, 2007 - 2012
IDEAS TRENDS: PERFORMANCE Server Efficiency Trend, March 2012 6 6

7 Server Efficiency Trend, 2007 - 2012
IDEAS TRENDS: PERFORMANCE Same chart, but logarithmic scale March 2012 7 7

8 Server Efficiency Trend, 2007 - 2012
IDEAS TRENDS: PERFORMANCE Testing Koomey’s Law March 2012 8 8

9 Server Price Trend, 2007 - 2012 IDEAS TRENDS: PERFORMANCE 9 March 2012

10 Pizzabox Performance Trends

11 2-socket x86 server performance in the last decade
100-fold increase Source: Gartner RPE2 for select HP ProLiant DL360 generations

12 Server Trend: 2 socket x86 “rack” servers
HP ProLiant DL380p Gen8 (2012) HP SystemPro/33 (1989) Photo source: Wikipedia Data Source: Me

13 Server Trend: 2 socket x86 “rack” servers
Internal Disk Capacity Memory Capacity Clock * Cores Memory Bandwidth HP SystemPro/33 (1989) Photo source: Wikipedia Data Source: Me

14 Server Trend: Just for Reference

15 CPU Trends

16 CPU Frequency Server CPU Frequency by system announcement date, 1998 – 2012 Not including mainframe, GPUs, and other outliers MHz

17 4-Chip Server Performance by Architecture
Slide Redacted from Copies

18 4-Chip Server Performance by Architecture
Itanium Opteron Xeon SPARC POWER Performance (RPE2, log scale) Xeon, SPARC are moving averages Itanium, Opteron, POWER are power trends

19 x86 Processor Prices Today, Intel accounts for ~90% of x86 server CPU shipments, down from ~70% in 2006 Performance-per- dollar is capped by technology but set by competition

20 CPU Trends More stuff on chip Processor power modes GPUs in servers
More and faster memory channels I/O interfaces (e.g. PCIe) Accelerators (e.g. Encryption, Decimal Floating Point) On-chip GPUs and vector engines Processor power modes Control at individual core level Control for uncore Additional low-power states “Turbo” modes Frequency, voltage scaling GPUs in servers Hyperscale Computing

21 Hyperscale Computing Energy-Efficient Servers / Microservers
x86 and non-x86 Vendors building server ARM ecosystem GPU & vector processors Robust user base for specific apps Very different power efficiency curves Optimized for energy per transaction Will consume X % of server market Ask 3 experts, get 4 values of “X” Quiz: ARM & MIPS processors are already in your data center. Where??

22 Intel Public Roadmap for Itanium & Xeon
Source:

23 Oracle Public Roadmap for SPARC
Source:

24 IBM Roadmap for POWER Source:

25 Memory Trends

26 Memory Trends Per-DIMM capacity rising
Explosion of DRAM DIMM options to choose from Memory power overtaking CPU power Other trends Fixing memory bandwidth gap: Memory compression techniques Direct-to-Memory CPU bypass techniques Addition of flash tier below DRAM In-memory computing What happens next? DDR4, 3D chip stacking, PCM / MRAM / memristers

27 Why You Don’t Need more DIMM slots
Source: HP

28 Reset your DIMM standards quarterly!
Different options to optimize capacity, price, power, throughput Example: HP DL380p Gen8 10 DIMM types, 5 capacities Some ways to deploy 64 GB of memory: DIMM Used HP List Price (USD) 2GB DDR Rx8 UDIMM 1,568 2GB DDR Rx8 LV UDIMM 1,440 4GB DDR Rx8 UDIMM 1,424 4GB DDR Rx8 LV UDIMM 1,264 4GB DDR Rx4 LV RDIMM 1,584 4GB DDR Rx4 RDIMM 1,840 8GB DDR Rx8 LV UDIMM 1,512 8GB DDR Rx8 UDIMM 8GB DDR Rx4 LV RDIMM 1,352 8GB DDR Rx4 RDIMM 8GB DDR Rx4 RDIMM 1,432 16GB DDR Rx4 LV RDIMM 1,276 16GB DDR Rx4 RDIMM 1,316 32GB DDR Rx4 LV LRDIMM 2,798 16GB DDR Rx4 HCDIMM 2,196 Source: Gartner Technology Planner as of 8 Feb 2013

29 Memory Power: 5% to 35% Power for Options for an IBM x3650 M4 with 2ch E5-2680 768GB, 16 drives, 6 I/O cards Power by Component, HP Blade with 2 processors, 48GB of memory 64GB, 2 HDDs

30 DRAM Futures Samsung Server DIMM roadmap (2012)
Source: JEDEC (http://www.jedec.org/sites/default/files/JS_Choi.pdf)

31 DRAM: What Happens Next?
8Gb density (~2013), 16Gb (~2015) 3D stacking DIMMs Memory-atop-CPU “Hybrid Memory Cubes” Hybrid Memory (combinations of DRAM + NVRAM) Phase-change memory, magnetic RAM, memristers Picture Source: JEDEC.org Picture Source: EETimes

32 Power Trends

33 Energy Required by IT infrastructure
Energy used to power Servers 45% Storage 29% Networking 26% Inside servers, individual processors are much more efficient, but consuming more absolute power. Source: Gartner estimate 2012

34 2-socket x86 server power trend
Source: HP Whitepaper, “Power efficiency and Power Management in HP ProLiant servers”

35 Server power efficiency trend
Doubles every 7 quarters Server performance per watt, 5x increase in 4 yrs SPECpower results, Four most recent x86 server generations

36 Power Consumption More power-hungry options are available
Configuration: 2ch “Top Bin” processor “Base” Configuration: Minimum required to boot. “Maximum” Configuration: Filled with options with highest power

37 Power Supplies Right-Sizing: Smaller power supplies for smaller loads
Source: Dell Whitepaper, “12G Power Efficiency How To”, dell.com

38 Power Supplies Zone of highest efficiency is getting wider
Source: HP Whitepaper

39 Other Trends in Server Performance

40 10 Technologies Impacting Server Trends
Public Cloud / Off-Premises Cloud VMware Farms as the Server Converged / Integrated / Fabric-Based Systems Appliances New Vendors: ODMs OpenCompute Project Flash Getting Stuck Everywhere Crazy like High-Frequency Trading Scale-up x86 The Millennium that Mainframes Finally Die

41 Questions? 41


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