3Definition Price Value, Worth The quantity of one thing that is exchanged or demanded in barter or sale for anotherThe amount of money given or set as consideration for the sale of a specified thingThe cost at which something is obtainedDefinition from Merriam Webster dictionary online
4Definition Reasonable (ness) Being in accordance with reason Not extreme or excessiveModerate, fairInexpensiveDefinition from Merriam Webster dictionary online
5Intent of the LawAcknowledge the intent of the law in all procurement procedures and behavior.VPPA § Declaration of Intent
6VPPA § 2.2-4300 Declaration of Intent § B.“The purpose of this chapter is to enunciate the public policies pertaining to governmental procurement from nongovernmental sources, to include governmental procurement that may or may not result in monetary consideration for either party….”
7VPPA § 2.2-4300 C Declaration of Intent Public bodies obtain high quality goods and services at reasonable cost.All procurements be conducted in a fair and impartial manner with avoidance of any impropriety or appearance of impropriety.All qualified vendors have access to public business.No offeror be arbitrarily or capriciously excluded.Competition be sought to the maximum feasible degree.Procurement procedures involve openness and administrative efficiency.
8VPPA § 2.2-4300 C Declaration of Intent - Continued That individual public bodies enjoy broad flexibility in fashioning details of such competition.Rules governing contract awards be made clear in advance of the competition.Specifications reflect the needs of the purchasing body rather than being drawn to favor a particular vendor.The purchaser and the vendor freely exchange information concerning what is sought to be procured and what is offered.
9Commonwealth of Virginia Agency Procurement and Surplus Property Manual (APSPM) 1. “General. Public purchasing embraces a fundamental obligation to the general public to ensure that procurements are accomplished in accordance with the intent of the laws enacted by the appropriate legislative body. The intent of the Virginia General Assembly is set forth in the Virginia Public Procurement Act (VPPA)”.APSPM 1
10APSPM – Price Reasonableness Determination (4.10) A written price reasonableness determination is required to determine if prices bid or offered are fair and reasonable when:Competition is restricted or lacking,The prices offered do not appear to be fair and reasonable,The decision is made to award to other than the lowest bidder or highest ranking offeror
11Competition is restricted or lacking Sole SourceSingle Response PurchaseContract ChangeContract Renewal
12Price does not appear fair and reasonable Market conditionsQualityLocationInflationValueTechnologyUnique requirements
13Award to other than … Lowest Bidder or Highest Ranking Offeror If language was included in the solicitation to do soDocument why
14Determination Price analysis Comparison of previously paid prices Prices charged for similar itemsPrices paid by other consumersPrices set forth in a public price list / catalog
15Determination - continued Price to unit variationsValue analysis (Make or Buy)Cost Analysis