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Chapter 18 Pricing Concepts Principles of Contemporary Marketing Kurtz & Boone.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 Pricing Concepts Principles of Contemporary Marketing Kurtz & Boone."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 18 Pricing Concepts Principles of Contemporary Marketing Kurtz & Boone

2 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Chapter Objectives 1.Outline the legal constraints on pricing. 2.Identify the major categories of pricing objectives. 3.Explain price elasticity and its determinants. 4.List the practical problems involved in applying price theory concepts to actual pricing decisions. Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

3 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Chapter Objectives 5.Explain the major cost-plus approaches to price setting. 6.List the chief advantages and shortcomings of using breakeven analysis in pricing decisions. 7.Explain the use of yield management in pricing decisions. 8.Identify the major pricing challenges facing online and international marketers. Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

4 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Robinson-Patman Act o Unfair-trade laws o Fair-trade laws Pricing Laws for Contemporary Marketers Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

5 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

6 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Prices are traditionally determined in two basic ways: o Supply and demand o Cost-oriented analyses o Customary prices - Traditional prices that customers expect to pay for certain goods and services Methods for Determining Prices Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

7 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Demand - The amounts of a firms product that consumers will purchase at different prices during a specified time period o Supply - The amounts of a good or service that will be offered for sale at different prices during a specified period o Pure competition - A market structure with so many buyers and sellers that no single participant can significantly influence price Price Determination in Economic Theory Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

8 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

9 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

10 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Elasticity - Measure of responsiveness of purchasers and suppliers to a change in price o Elasticity of demand - Percentage change in the quantity of a good or service demanded divided by the percentage change in its price o Elasticity of supply - Percentage change in the quantity of a good or service supplied divided by the percentage change in its price The Concept of Elasticity in Pricing Strategy Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

11 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Many firms do not attempt to maximize profits o Demand curves are difficult to estimate Practical Problems of Price Theory Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

12 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Cost-plus pricing - Uses a base-cost figure per unit and adds a markup to cover unassigned costs and to provide a profit o Allows businesses with low costs to set prices lower than those of competitors and still make a profit Price Determination in Practice Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

13 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Full-cost pricing - Uses all relevant variable costs in setting a products price and allocates those fixed costs not directly attributed to the production of the priced item o No consideration of competition or demand for the item o Any method for allocating overhead is arbitrary and may be unrealistic Alternative Pricing Procedures Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

14 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Pricing technique used to determine the number of products that must be sold at a specified price to generate enough revenue to cover total cost Breakeven Analysis Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

15 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

16 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Most managers include a targeted profit in their analyses: Target Returns Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

17 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

18 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

19 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Pricing strategy that allows marketers to vary prices based on such factors as demand, even though the cost of providing those goods or services remains the same o Example: Airfares, lodging, and auto rentals Yield Management Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

20 CHAPTER 18 Pricing Concepts o Prices must support the companys broader goals o Domestic pricing strategies: o Profitability o Volume o Meeting competition o Prestige o Price stability Global Issues in Price Determination Copyright © 2012 by South Western, a division of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.


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