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For further information, please contact: Olivier SOUSSAC Probe & Pressure Sensors Measuring instruments Oil & Gaz Advanced Technology (Microelectromechanical System)
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Measures in severe environment The typical conditions of operation of the equipment that characterize petroleum applications are the very high pressure - a few hundred bars on the surface and up from 1000 to 2000 bars at the bottom of Well - the extreme temperature ranges from -40 ° C, as may be encountered near the poles, 200 ° C at the bottom of wells. However, the silicon sensor technologies that are capable to operate reliably under such conditions are not currently available on the market. The development of electronic capable of operating at high temperatures is an important challenge. Indeed, component manufacturers specify a maximum temperature circuits 85 ° C, in some cases up to 125 ° C. The realization of complex electronic boards operating 175 ° C involves a particular technical expertise difficult to develop. Also, fluids in pipelines can be extremely corrosive, with concentrations high sulfuric acid or carbon dioxide. The presence of solid particles in the discharge facilities to submit risk of abrasion or clogging deposits. The conditions of shock and vibration are also extreme. The development of Equipments of measure which can be compatible with all the above constraints, requires expertise in materials, mechanical design and fluid, which is not easily accessible to companies operating in the classic sector. Consequently, a new miniature pressure sensor capable of operating in severe environments is developed, the research and development (invention) of measure equipments is the main axe of our activity..
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Pressure is the most important parameter to assess and control the oil reserves and gas. Because, the technologies used today for measuring pressure in the drilling industry is very limited (mechanical and quartz technologies). And extreme conditions of temperature and corrosion found at the bottom of the wells, the development of miniaturized measurement systems with a higher level of performance and greater reliability is a critical point for better assessment of reserves into production and optimized. And this new technology requires not only a breakthrough in sensitive elements as well as enhanced integration of electronics to provide digital outputs and the ability to advanced communication (communication of the measures towards the surface). Smart sensors and miniaturized We developed an intelligent Probe and Pressure Sound for operating in severe environments, such as that encountered during drilling, during the start of production and during transport of oil and gas. These micro systems have been built in a miniature size (chip size of the order of a millimeter). They are builds by last advanced technology in microelectronics and micromechanics (MEMS). The MEMS ( Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems) is an evolution of the technologies of the microelectronics in which the miniaturized mechanical structures are micro-manufactured in chips in order to add to the power of calculation the capacities of measures and action. These technologies help to make products smaller, more efficient, more integrated functionality, less consummation
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Activity Our main activity is the Research and Development and the Manufacturing of measure equipments for severe environment based on MEMS technology: - Probes high pressure and high temperature - Flow meters - Fluid property sensors….etc These products are optimized for oil and geothermal applications: - Measures during the drilling of oil and gas - Stimulation and test oil wells (fracturing, injection) - Monitoring equipment during production and transportation of oil and gas (separators, pipelines, tankers)
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Advanced communication (communication actions towards the surface) Based on the development of MEMS technology, our sensors are: High-pressure performance superior to existing products on the market Miniature size Digital output Ultra-fast response Reduced manufacturing cost….. These criteria are essential to future performance monitoring tools for drilling, pumping and production.
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved MEMS: The power of a small world and the High performance at low cost Low cost Low power SmartWireless New deployment solutions
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved HPHT Sensor OT /OT /OT Technical info High Accuracy High Resolution Pressure and Temperature Recorder
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Micro-packaging innovations Ultralow dead volume using ceramic volume micro compensator HPHT electrical feed thru design Wafer level decoupling structure assembly Oil filling mechanism Anti corrosion Protective diaphragm HPHT feed thru
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved FEATURES High Pressure High Temperature 10/15/20 Kpsi 125/150°C Ultra High resolution 5 mPsi at 1 Hz Ultra High accuracy ±1 Psi High Reliability Shock tested NACE compliant User defined measurement period 128Hz to 0.01Hz Ultra Low power Single battery operation 3.6V high temp Up to 18 months continuous operation depending on battery sub Easy Deployment Side Pocket mandrel valve integration* Slickline Permanent monitoring High resolution pressure measurement High accuracy time stamps on data for dual sensor synchronisation INTERFACE 1-wire serial to PC Surface wireless option APPLICATIONS Fracturation job Well monitoring Well testing Flow assurance OT /OT /OT
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Example: reservoir monitoring and control Surface sensors and controls Multi-phase flow rate Valve and choke control Pressure measurements Sand detection Permanent downhole sensors flow rate and density monitors Submersible pumps control pressure and temperature gauges Client office multi-channel web access SAFE ZONE EXPLOSIVE ZONE Wireless communication
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Electronics innovations Ultra High resolution High data rate acquisition Power management Data processing (calibrated engineering values records) Dynamic acquisition time Memory management Sensor networking
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved OT /OT /OT GENERAL DESCRIPTION The OT is a full pressure acquisition system optimized for oil and gas industries typical jobs where reliability and measurement performance are critical. Coupling a high-resolution high-accuracy proprietary small package MEMS sensor with a tailored ultra low power digital electronics and memory, the OT is able to adapt its measurement period to provide critical information during operations.
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Sensors Deployment
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved 1 - Surface - Using adapter OT – As a recorder – As a live measurement 2- Downhole - As a recorder – In a side-pocket mandrel – In a user defined carrier 3- As a live measurement – On a user-defined wireline cable or insulated slickline cable using communication module 0T Deployment options - Summary SlicklineSlickline, a cabling technology used for oil well completions and maintenance Wireline (cabling)Wireline (cabling), a cabling technology where a current is sent to downhole logging tools in oil well exploration and completions
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Surface Deployment Sensor is connected to pressure line using adapter OT (ring) Ring held in place by Autoclave 1/4 OD tubing Can then be connected to other pressure connection types : Autoclave, Swagelok, NPT, WECO union,... As a recorder Job is configured using PC, then the sensor is disconnected and performs the measurement as a stand-alone recorder As a live measurement Job is configured using PC, and sensor performs measurement while still connected to the PC through a coaxial cable Autoclave end connection. Change to suit your pressure line connection type. Sensor connected to a multiline adapter Example of pump truck line autoclave connection Well-head with Frac lines
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Downhole Recorder Deployment As part of a dummy gas lift 1 nose part 1 body part with body adapter At the end of a slickline cable without live communication Mounting a sensor in an unused perforation tool 1 dummy gas lift valve deployment options. Sensor is circled in red.
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Gas Lift Valve Deployment Principle Side pocket mandrels allow the deployment and easy retrieval of gas lift valves to control the injection of gas from the casing Gas lift valves can be replaced by Dummy gas lift valves to plug the holes when not in use These Dummy gas lift valves can be turned into measurement locations when one or more of their parts are replaced by a recording sensor Nose part to measure tubing pressure Body part for casing pressure Kickover tool for GLV deployment 1 dummy gas lift valve deployment principle. Casing Tubing Sensor
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Downhole Live Measurement Deployment At the end of a wireline cable used to communicate electrically from sensor to surface Casing is used as electrical ground reference if using an insulated slickline cable Configuration must be defined with client to suit the cable specs. Slickline operation
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Expected deployment with acoustic communication Sensor communicates acoustically with transceiver a few tens of meters from surface Sensor deployed in horizontal segment communicates acoustically with transceiver in the vertical tubing
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Key features Surface Wireless Sensor Network Downhole pressure, temperature, flow, fluid density Low power Sensors working on battery ATEX Connected to internet through Stations
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Last operation Results
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved A summary of the presentation. Using MEMS technology, makes the Smart Sensor that allows more data between one second and one (100 measurements between seconds) collecting more information at certain intervals, which helps to obtain a detailed analysis and proper decision making. (Fracturing, Well Testing, Drilling, etc.). With this new technology causes the memory to be dynamic and allows the optimization of energy, which results in a significant reduction in the size of the battery, without losing the ability to record information The sensor design allows it to be installed in a gas valve, which makes the sensor to be Semi- Permanent, also has the option to enter the well through steel line or keep it as a sensor on the surface The size of the sensor and accessories allows easy and safe transportation You can add two sensors, with independent measurements in a gas valve to obtain more information. Testing of Pressure, Temperature and Impact (250G, 2ms) have been satisfactorily performed as part of certification Software is developed for easy use and fast The main consumables are seals and battery, calibration should be performed annually Currently there are two sensors on the market, and 15Kpsi 10KPSi 125 C - 150C. This Sensor gives 170C 20KSPI Measurement of flow and flow properties are in development The module for wireless communication (wireless) is under development
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved 29/02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:08: /02/201219:09: # OpenCore memory data. Acquisition started 29/02/ :27:49 with period seconds. DateTimeSensorTime(s)Pressure(Psi)Temperature(degC) 29/02/201207:27: /02/201207:27: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28: /02/201207:28:
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Result of test : Well1 = Hallazgo 64, 02/29 Well2= Poza Rica 10, 03/06
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Finally, « we compare favorably with others and we are: shorter, simpler, higher sampling frequency, lower power, longer life gauge
Petroleum technology HPHT Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved For any further information, please do not hesitate to contact us. We stay at your entire disposition. Thank you.
Petroleum technology Pressure Sensor © 2012, all rights reserved Gauges Deployment.
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