Presentation on theme: "Michiana Regional Greenway Visioning Charette Resources and Guidelines Wednesday, April 27, 2005 Purdue University Prof. Bernie Dahl Megan Dryden Jon Guard."— Presentation transcript:
Michiana Regional Greenway Visioning Charette Resources and Guidelines Wednesday, April 27, 2005 Purdue University Prof. Bernie Dahl Megan Dryden Jon Guard Nina Herskedal Sarah Metz April Townsend
Greenways: the what and how o What is a greenway? oCorridors of open space managed for conservation and recreational purposes oThe linking network between regionally significant community assets o Steps to be taken oInventory existing natural features, parks, trails and infrastructure oInventory and map destination points to serve as nodes oGet citizens involved in the process so they support the plan through the project oFollow hierarchy of trail preferences when choosing greenway routes
Greenways: the benefits o Economic Benefits oNewly created trail related jobs and expansion of existing businesses along trails oProperty values along trails increase oMany corporations seek corporate headquarter with access to trails. oHomebuyers ranked trails as an important community amenity. o Conservation and Ecological Benefits oGreenways serve as habitat and a corridor for animals to migrate oGreenways serve as a buffer or barrier for ecological sensitive areas oGreenways reduce pollution by filtering runoff and by reducing vehicular travel.
Greenways: the benefits o Educational and Cultural Benefits oRail-trails and canal paths along historic corridors provide a glance at historic travel oDraw public to culturally historic sites giving a sense of historically significant sites like battlefields and native settlements. o Transportation Benefits oProvide corridors for non-motorized travel between home, work, school, businesses, and community attractions. oSafe alternative to travel along busy roadways oReduce pollution and congestion related to short errands to local destinations. o Recreation and Health Benefits oSafe, inexpensive avenue for regular exercise oOffer opportunities for wide variety of recreation close to home
Greenways: the benefits o Trail and Corridor types: oWater Trails oMulti-Use Trails oWildlife Corridors oUtility Corridors oRails-to-Trails program
Water Trails o What are water trails? oNavigable passageways that mainly consist of water – such as: oStreams oRivers oLakes/lakeshore oOcean coastline oNon-navigable waterways: oCanals oSeasonal creeks, streams (those which are often dry) oPrivately-owned waterways oPolluted waters
Water Trails o Ecological significance oRiparian zones are a crucial part of the landscape by: oModerating the flow of water oFiltering nutrients and sediment from runoff oHelping to regulate the water temperature oStabilizing banks oProviding food and habitat for aquatic communities
Water Trails o How can we use them? oNavigable waterways are those which may be utilized for many different types of recreation oCanoes oKayaks oInner-tubes oMan-powered boats oMotorized boats oWater recreational vehicles (Jet Ski/Wave Runner)
Water Trails o Community questions… oWhere are waterways located? oWho owns the waterway as well as the bordering land? oIs the water easily accessible? oWhat signage and/or orientation devices exist in waterways currently used for recreational purposes? oWhat accommodating facilities currently exist for water trail users?
Multi-use Trails o What are multi-use trails? oTrails which can accommodate for multiple or mixed uses, such as: oHiking oBicycling oWalking oJogging oHorseback riding oWinter sports oCross country skiing oSnow-shoeing oAll-terrain vehicles/Off- highway vehicles (ATV/OHV) oFour-wheelers oSnowmobiles
Multi-use Trails o What do they connect and link? oCities and towns oHistoric sites and museums oSchools oParks oShopping areas oFairgrounds oWaterways
Multi-use Trails o Linking can be achieved by oBridges oParks oStandard/unified paving materials, signage, lighting, trailheads oInformation kiosks oPicnic shelters oBicycle and pedestrian oInterpretive trails and explanatory signage oParking hubs oRental facilities for bicycles, ATVs oWater bodies (lakes, rivers, streams) oViews
Multi-use Trails o Community questions oWhere are existing/proposed trails? oWhere are logical connecting points? oSchools oTown centers oParks
Utility Corridors o What are utility corridors? oLand that has been allocated for utility lines oUtility corridors may consist of aboveground or underground utilities lines such as: oPipelines oElectrical Lines oGas and Oil Transmission Pipelines oFiber Optic Cable Lines
Utility Corridors o Potential Uses oUtility line property can be converted into multi-use corridors available for both public and private use oUtility corridors provide a linear, fairly unobstructed and undeveloped corridor that is very useful for incorporating future trail development
Utility Corridors o Issues and Concerns oMany companies have come to the realization that the public will in one way or another use their corridors, whether they are managed or not oThis is an incentive to make these right-of-ways available for public recreation by managing the properties surrounding the utilities o Additional Concerns oPublic safety oIncreased crime oIncreased vandalism oLack of a defined management entity oLack of funding sources
Utility Corridors o NIPSCO oThe Northern Indiana Public Service Company (NIPSCO) is one of Northern Indianas leading utility companies oAs of 2004, NIPSCO had developed more miles of off-road trails than any other utility company in Indiana oNIPSCO has modified and redefined its criteria for trail development within its utility corridors, giving potential planners consistent guidelines for the use of these corridors
Utility Corridors o Funding oDeveloping public trails along utility corridors requires ongoing cooperation and planning between the trail or city agency and the utility company in order to minimize operation and maintenance impacts oThe key to receiving grant money for utility corridors and other trail systems is defining the trail as a transportation trail
Wildlife Corridors o What are wildlife corridors? oCorridors are segments of land which link critical wildlife habitats oThe pathways which animals take to migrate from one island of habitat to the next o Why are wildlife corridors important? oThey allow species to migrate and intermingle so that survival of the species can continue oDevelopment is increasing the loss of natural spaces – fragmenting these spaces – leading to the degradation of water resources and the ability for nature to respond to change
Wildlife Corridors o How to identify existing and potential wildlife corridors oIt is important to design greenways so that they can stand as effective wildlife conduits and corridors oSome important factors to determine are: owidth ocontinual links ooutside disturbance oriparian proximity oquality
Wildlife Corridors o Guidelines for designing greenways to provide for habitat oHabitat: oIdentify the needs of the most sensitive species oConduits: oConcentrate on matching natural characteristics of the landscape oFor the most part, greenways will not, by themselves, provide good habitat. Therefore, do not allow greenways projects to proceed at the expense of other initiatives, which will provide habitat, such as large reserves.
Rails-to-Trails program Creating a nationwide network of trails from former rail lines and connecting corridors to build healthier places for healthier people. - Motto of Rails-to-Trails Conservancy oThe Rails-to-Trails Conservancy has successfully been able to organize and implement hundreds of trails across the United States oRTC has the ability to acquire and own corridors or acquire corridors on behalf of third parties
Rails-to-Trails program oRail-trails boast unique features which contribute to the wide variety of users who use them for their individual activities and interests: oAccessibility oPeople with physical disabilities have an opportunity to safely exercise and enjoy these unique natural settings due to the standard, flat grade of rail-trails oBird-watching oCross country skiing oCycling oFishing oRail-trails frequently provide the quickest and easiest access to some of the premier fishing spots across the country oHorseback riding oInline skating oRunning oSnowmobiles oWalking