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© 2012 Intertex Data AB 1 Video-Over-IP Driving the Need for Internet+ © 2012 Intertex Data AB Prepared for:INGATES SIP TRUNK – UC SEMINARS: SIP Trunking,

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Presentation on theme: "© 2012 Intertex Data AB 1 Video-Over-IP Driving the Need for Internet+ © 2012 Intertex Data AB Prepared for:INGATES SIP TRUNK – UC SEMINARS: SIP Trunking,"— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 1 Video-Over-IP Driving the Need for Internet+ © 2012 Intertex Data AB Prepared for:INGATES SIP TRUNK – UC SEMINARS: SIP Trunking, Video, Collaboration and More ITEXPO Conference, Miami, February 2012 By: Karl Erik Ståhl President Intertex Data AB CEO and Chairman Ingate Systems AB Also see: Whitepaper (in progress) Live Demo Presentation from ITEXPO SIP Trunking Summit Miami, February 2011!

2 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 2 More on the Internet+ Model © 2012 Intertex Data AB Thursday 2nd, 1:00 pm : Video-Over-IP, Driving the Need for an Internet+ Friday 3rd, 9:00 am : BoF, Room A208 Birds-of-a-Feather, Session Also see: Internet+ Whitepaper (in progress) Live Demo Presentation from ITEXPO SIP Trunking Summit Miami, February 2011!

3 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 3 Intertex & Ingate Same parent company Intertex: SMB, SOHO and home SIP Firewalls and E-SBCs For service provider volume deployment Ingate: Enterprise and SMB SIP Firewalls and E-SBCs SIParators® for enterprises and projects Cooperation in management and development Co-developed SIP code Ingate represents Intertex in the US

4 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 4 Telepresence – Why not for Everyone? It has been there for years - high end – high cost, but you save airline tickets. But telepresence has more or less rolled out there own wires No global connectivity or at best via a certain conference bridge

5 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 5 Is it coming? The OVCC Initiative (by Polycom)! A network just for Video Calling or the start of the common global UC network? Key points: A global quality IP network Service Providers only charge their own customers SIP is the standard SIP addresses ( -like) and E.164 numbers

6 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 6 Yes, Telcos are Concerned About their Core Business! Are Telcos just becoming bandwidth providers? IP has just been used to replicate POTS Telephony Where is the global Live IP Communication: Multimedia or UC? The Beyond POTS islands are taking over: at the Enterprise UC LAN by Skype, Google Talk and the others Telcos can bring it together and offer better! Why not better and beyond? We can Go Beyond POTS and Beyond Skype Now!

7 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 7 Provide Internet+ so we can get Telephony+ UC rich communication (not just AM radio quality Voice): Bring the islands (Enterprise UC LAN, Skype, Google Talk and others) together! Deliver to the users: On LANs and with Smart Phones! UC should be global, with quality and with phone numbers as well as SIP-addresses!

8 Internet Internet has Shown the Success of a Cloud! We need this for global UC: With: 1.All you can do with SIP - UC 2.Full mobility 3.Numbers and SIP addresses 4.Quality up to Telepresence 5.Interoperability – Dont GW, unless required 6.Delivery to the users SIP Connect 1.1 Internet + But got this (SDN/IMS): (Wires on top of the cloud!? Wasnt creating the cloud the success?) MPLS Session Delivery Network (SDN) = POTSoIP

9 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 9 Its Not Even Good for FAXing And Carriers Peer their Networks PSTN Style… It is even destructive for the 160 years old Fax service* And their billing is by voice minutes – Far away from any UC! And where did the reliability, scalability and good performance of IP go? * Mike Coffee, CEO of Commetrex: Work in progress by SIP Forums FoIP Task Group and the i3 Forum. T.38 works fine in one hop!

10 Internet Internet has Shown the Success of a Cloud! We need this for global UC: With: 1.All you can do with SIP - UC 2.Full mobility 3.Numbers and SIP addresses 4.Quality up to Telepresence 5.Interoperability – Dont GW, unless required 6.Delivery to the users SIP Connect 1.1 Internet + But got this (SDN/IMS): (Wires on top of the cloud!? Wasnt creating the cloud the success?) MPLS Session Delivery Network (SDN) = POTSoIP

11 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 11 Provide Internet+ so we can get Telephony+ UC rich communication (not just AM radio quality Voice): Bring the islands (Enterprise UC LAN, Skype, Google Talk and others) together! Deliver to the users: On LANs and with Smart Phones! UC should be global, with quality and with phone numbers as well as SIP-addresses!

12 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 12 We Are (sometimes) Doing Better! PSTN GW Data & VoIP LAN IP-PBX UC Voice Mail Remote Users Ingate/Intertex E-SBCs enable SIP based Live UC Across the Borders! (SIP does not traverse ordinary NAT/Firewalls.) SoftSwitch/SBC Overlay SIParator® Users and Services can be Everywhere: SIP must connect there!

13 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 13 SIP is Self Routing and E-SBCs Can Do it All TeliaSonera Internet SIParator IX78 ENUM QoS IP Network CDRCDR CDRCDR MPLS AT&T Qwest Deutsche Telecom Internet MPLS

14 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 14 So, Dont Just Feed SIP Into POTSoIP… PSTN GW Data & VoIP LAN IP-PBX UC Voice Mail Remote Users Follow standards so we dont need gateways, here, there and everywhere! SoftSwitch/SBC Overlay SIParator® We do everything else successfully, flat over the Internet. Please let us have the same for all real- time communication also. The Internet+ Thanks! ONLY FOR POTS

15 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 15 Time for Something Better: Internet + Learn from the success of the Internet: Networks shall Not Be Application Specific! The Internet + : A non application-specific transport network: Just like the Internet! It IS the Internet – just extended: + Delivery to the users, on LANs and to smart phones + Prioritization for real-time traffic - Just enable diffserv + Metering and charging of beyond Internet usage Good for everyone: The SDN is not needed, - IP connects end-to-end - SIP is a self-routing also for the Telcos: Provide something better, - and users will pay for it.. Bill the better!

16 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 16 Time for Something Better: Internet + Learn from the success of the Internet: Networks shall Not Be Application Specific! The Internet + : A non application-specific transport network: Just like the Internet! It IS the Internet – just extended: + Delivery to the users, on LANs and to smart phones + Prioritization for real time traffic - Just enable diffserv + Metering and charging of beyond Internet usage Good for everyone: The SDN is not needed, - IP connects end-to-end - SIP is a self-routing also for the Telcos: Provide something better, - and usrs will pay for it.. Bill the better! Enable the new services, interoperability and the standard we need and want! At the same time: - New Telco revenue - Vast Telco infrastructure savings How to do? Easier than believed!

17 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 17 It Should be of Utmost Interest for the Telcos For real-time usage, we need an Internet pipe with prioritization enabled - not just for telepresence quality, but also for 2G, 3G and 4G mobile real-time usage with smart phones Has to be charged separately. If not, it would be used for everything and we are back at all usage being at the same quality level. And we dont want our smart phone batteries drained And we want to use both phone number and addresses – not the many island. Telephony Income (highly charged) Low Charged Internet Bandwidth Quality Bandwidth New Income Data RTC Telephony + Internet + Economy Skype etc. Internet and Telephony Economy Bandwidth Usage Data RTC

18 Internet + Model ENUM DNS EMS TR- 069 SIP Connect 1.1 PKI The Internet with Quality Enabled Global IP Transport Network All SIP Routed Everywhere (Not Gatewayed! Via SIP Proxies – Not B2BUAs) The TOQrouter – Trust, Openness, Quality – is a routing SIP proxy, a billing meter, and with built in SBC.

19 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 19 Quality and Numbers are Important Some basics around IP QoS and why better Internet QoS cannot be for free: A. On the Internet we have Transport layer (4) QoS. The endpoint smartness of TCP makes it all work, filling and sharing the pipe, and backing off for datagram type of packets (e.g. UDP thus RTP). This is mostly often good enough – even for voice. However, in the process of sharing a filled pipe, even non TCP packets (e.g. UDP/RTP) are lost (and filling the whole pipe with such packets, is a catastrophe). B. IP Layer (3) QoS (DSCP/TOS bits honored) is available in almost any IP network – just ignored on the Internet – and gives absolute priority. You simply dont lose any packets unless the whole pipe is filled with your quality level packets (and higher). This is needed for critical real time applications, especially low delay, packet loss sensitive applications; obviously telepresence and sometimes even voice. C. Giving IP Layer (3) QoS to the common Internet for free will of course not help! As soon as the first file sharer will select the highest quality, all users have to do the same to get their share and we are back to A. again. Thus, better IP Layer QoS has to bear a price – has to be charged! D. Prioritization and traffic shaping in boxes like ours helps in case A.. However, that only works for traffic that is known or classified by the box, which typically is not the case for SIP using workaround methods like STUN/TURN/ICE or Far End NAT Traversal, Skype, Google Talks or the others and will remain in an environment with the lowest quality. Give us a SIP address (same as ) for each phone number! - A usable one like: (not Let us have both: = And why not the same and SIP address by default with the subscription?

20 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 20 SIP wasnt Meant for Islands or Voice Only! Internet CALL RING! Magic? – Its just the SIP standard… RING! Callee Proxy Caller Proxy CalleeCaller The SIP tapeziod To initiate SIP calls: - A proxy capable of routing (=DNS lookup!) - Add ENUM to use E.164 numbers Outbound proxy for smartco.com DNS partco.com To receive SIP calls globally: - A SIP server (Proxy Registrar) - SIP server domain published in DNS Proxy Registrar for partco.com

21 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 21 SIP is Self Routing and E-SBCs Can Do it All TeliaSonera Internet SIParator IX78 ENUM QoS IP Network CDRCDR CDRCDR MPLS AT&T Qwest Deutsche Telecom Internet MPLS

22 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 22 For the Telephony + Services For a Telephony + service (including POTS): + SIP is the standard to use. All SIP transported everywhere! The SIP interface must be available everywhere and the network carry anything possible with SIP, both for users and services. The Network shall not interfere – not be application specific – that is between users and services. SIP proxies are allowed, but Gateways and B2BUA are only allowed toward outside elements + Usage of E.164 numbers in addition to SIP address + Telcos must share numbers in a common data base + ENUM convert numbers to SIP addresses (and other addresses Skype) + Gateways in and out to the other islands. + Trust between participants (like having a telephony subscription/telephone line/number today)

23 Internet + Model ENUM DNS EMS TR- 069 SIP Connect 1.1 PKI The Internet with Quality Enabled Global IP Transport Network All SIP Routed Everywhere (Not Gatewayed! Via SIP Proxies – Not B2BUAs) The TOQrouter – Trust, Openness, Quality – is a routing SIP proxy, a billing meter, and with built in SBC.

24 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 24 For the Telcos To Do Enable diffserv on Internet+ Accesses (Or provide separate high quality pipe on routable IP.) Provide ENUM directory (public or private) E.164 numbers to SIP address resolution Peer higher quality pipes with other carriers just as for Internet Share ENUM between the Carriers Deploy TOQrouters* – similar to clever E- SBCs used for SIP Trunking Manage as already done in volume deployments Provide Certificates to the TOQrouter for trust TOQ routers use mutual TLS for all WAN SIP Pick up CDRs from the TOQrouter and Bill * TOQ stands for Trust, Openness, Quality

25 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 25 For mobile and Our SmartPhones Just replace todays network firewall with the TOQrouter* and use the IP channel for good real-time communication also No more battery draining (keep-alive packets not needed) Forget about VoLTE in 4G networks. It is POTSoIP again… No more mobility plumbing needed: SIP reaches everywhere! Internet+ 4G 3G 2G VoLTE * TOQ stands for Trust, Openness, Quality

26 Most Important: SIP Everywhere – Just like HTTP! We would not have the Web, if HTTP did not go between the Browser and the Web server. Today SIP is stopped and limited by Firewall/NATs, SoftSwitches and bad SBCs. The TOQrouter is a standard compliant SIP proxy (and SBC) that routes all SIP between the Users and Servers according to RCF The TOQrouter is not interfering with the usage of the SIP communication (like todays plumbing), but can measure the usage for billing. Proper SIP transport (by routing SIP proxies) is required: For all beyond POTS usage, UC For eliminating network incompatibilities – Interop issues are then reduced to being only between clients and services For mobility: User and services can be anywhere! For global UC: Clients, PBXs, Cloud services etc. only have to use a standard SIP interface. There is no other way to go!

27 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 27 Really Possible? – Dont we need this? No IMS multimedia call across carrier domains after 5 years of deployment. But POTS on RJ11 delivered… Will there then be another 10 years before Internet+, or? All standards and all elements are ready to use. And they can be introduced step-by-step!

28 The TOQrouter Can Be The Registrar YOU Shall Decide Whom To Accept Calls From Example using the Intertex IX78 as TOQrouter: The TOQrouter is a good registrar, but the registrar can be located anywhere Your Buddy list and below allows you whom to communicate with Those on the Trusted Network will be the Telephony subscribers as before Exists on Proxy level and individual User level

29 Most of the Gear is Already in Use TR-069 Internet IP-TV VoD IP-TV VoD IMS VoIP IMS VoIP PDA VLANs or ADSL Virtual Circuits The Multimedia LAN WiFiWiFi Telepresence IP- PBX …but not (yet) for Internet+ In the above deployment, the Intertex IX78 E-SBC is used for SIP trunking, but is actually capable of TOQrouter functions. This major European Telco has a high quality VoIP network using white addresses and is routed to the Internet. An Internet+ model would here simply mean IP peering their VoIP IP network to other service providers high quality networks, supplying an ENUM database and relying on CDRs delivered to the management system. The Intertex IX78 already provides the clean SIP interface to LAN endpoints and servers on the LAN, in parallel with its gateway approach toward the PBX and the IMS system.

30 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 30 The SIP Standard: Global and More Than Voice! Today over the Internet, but then: not always sufficient quality difficult to bill by usage (Telcos core business…) and the NAT/Firewall traversal issue must be resolved Telcos have feared another Skype… Telcos dont like another Skype. Offer better and bill happily with Internet + !

31 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 31 Billing – CDRs for Efficient Processing Now also with Video Call Metrics and Pipe Used! CDRs with Call Quality Metrics – View from iEMS (our TR-69 management system)

32 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 32 Can the Core Soft Switch/SBC Participate? Sure - it can be a SIP Registrar - which could be used instead of the registrar in the TOQrouter (In an Internet+ model, a SIP server can be everywhere!). As a routing element; It must be a compliant SIP Proxy (B2BUAs/Gateways must not be in the transport part of the network)! It must only route PSTN calls into the POTSoIP overlay It could do some individual forwarding etc. of incoming calls (instead of the TOQrouter) –IF behaving like a SIP Proxy The TOQrouter will be required anyway

33 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 33 Why are there SDN and IMS? IMS world said (but could not deliver): Evolving broadband communication by launching new services cost-efficiently People want an enriched communication experience, anywhere, anytime, and to any device. By XXX IMS technology operators are able to cost efficiently deliver that experience and to generate revenue An SDN, but not todays transport network, the Internet, may achieve: service providers can bill for their services, the ability to use a higher quality IP transport network, the ability to only allow trusted users - that is, subscribers to a service provider - to participate in the communication, fulfilling lawful intercept requirement and fulfilling emergency calling requirements. The Internet+ model provides the above better, while maintaining: reliability (no introduction of massive central elements) scalability (no introduction of massive central elements) good performance of a global IP transport network Interoperability (no multiple conversions, no interference with SIP).

34 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 34 The TOQrouter A Firewall/NAT (with general Firewall security functions) An RFC 3261 compliant SIP Proxy also implementing RFC 3263 and RFC 3264 The SIP Proxy performing ALG functions by: - handling and being aware of its NATed environment (by reading the IP routing table) - reserving NAT ports and rewriting the SDP accordingly (according to the Midcom RFC 3989) - setting up the NAT and opening pinholes for the media in the Firewall (according to the Midcom RFC 3989) The SIP Proxy implementing RCF 3325 (trusted networks): - using mutual TLS and certificates towards SIP Proxies on the WAN Having functions for classifying SIP traffic to assign correct QoS class, based on various conditions A SIP Registrar for (i) keeping and using registrations from LAN connected devices – a Shadow registrar - to allow incoming calls. This (shadow) registrar should also be able to handle RFC 6140 Gin registration for a PBX. (ii) Being the main registrar for one or several domains. A function and setup for SIP Domain forwarding to local SIP Servers, e.g. an IP-PBX on the LAN to be used by remote users. A dial plan with ENUM look-up to allow E.164 numbers to be used, as described below QoS based routing, to select correct IP interface, in case special QoS WAN pipes are provided The TOQmeter– A meter for billing purposes plus trust for the provider A management interface and protocol, allowing very high network scalability, with trust and security to allow CDR delivery over a public network (TR-069, sending CDRs in Informs is recommended.) The TOQrouter is also the point where a legal requirement of intercept can be fulfilled. And it can aid emergency calling since its physical location usually is known. (RFC 6442)

35 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 35 The TOQrouter Optionally, the TOQrouter may include: Functions in the SIP proxy for improved compatibility towards SIP devices Gateway functions in a B2BUA for extended compatibility improvements towards non SIP incompatible devices (e.g. for connecting a variety of PBXs) Firewall and NAT functions for data traffic Analog telephone ports (for connecting POTS ports) Triple play capability, by handling separate IP interfaces for Internet, VoIP/IMS and IP-TV and VoD etc. An access modem/router, e.g. for DSL, Cable, GPON, VLAN Ethernet, T1, MPLS Multimedia capable PBX functionality using the available SIP Proxy and SIP Registrar Other useful Business and Residential Gateway functions Notice that these kind of functions must not be confused with, or interfere with, the basic TOQrouter functions!

36 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 36 What SIP to Use? – Just SIP! Internet+ does not interfere – Just transports/routes (as HTTP or SNTP) It is between the endpoints: Between Users and Servers! For all endpoints using SIP in the Internet+ model, minimum: RFC 3261 SIP: Session Initiation Protocol RFC 3263 SIP: Locating SIP Servers – DNS usage, plus RFC 3264 An Offer/Answer Model with the Session Description Protocol (SDP) RFC 4028 Timer RFC 6442 Geolocation header (for emergency calling) RFC 3325 For endpoints wanting to set Privacy Policies G.711 codec for minimum voice interoperability For endpoints wanting confirmed early media (telephones): RFC 3262 SIP: Prack/100rel for early media For endpoints using call transfer and similar: RFC 3515 Refer RFC 3891 Replaces RFC 3892 Referred-by

37 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 37 What SIP to Use? – Just SIP! (continuation) Internet+ does not interfere – Just transports/routes (as HTTP or SNTP) For Presence endpoints: RFC 3265 RFC 3856 RFC 3863 For IM endpoints: RFC 3428 For servers supporting endpoints (e.g. an IP-PBX) if they want the option of authenticating their users: RFC 3325 Asserted Identity within Trusted Networks RFC 6140 (Gin Registration) or use fix IP ITSP IP address when using SIP Connect 1.1 Extensions, such as (most of?) the IMS additions, will be transported correctly by the TOQrouter.

38 © 2012 Intertex Data AB 38 More on the Internet+ Ingate Systems Inc. 7 Farley Road Hollis, NH United States Ph: +1 (603) Tel sv: Intertex Data AB Rissneleden 45 SE Sundbyberg Sweden Tel: Friday 3rd, 9:00 am : BoF, Room A208 Birds-of-a-Feather, Session


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