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Total Hip Arthroplasty for DDH (Crowe type III and IV) Dept. Orthopaedic Surgery Kyoto City Hospital, Kyoto, Japan Chiaki TANAKA, Minoru IKENAGA, Hiroshi.

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Presentation on theme: "Total Hip Arthroplasty for DDH (Crowe type III and IV) Dept. Orthopaedic Surgery Kyoto City Hospital, Kyoto, Japan Chiaki TANAKA, Minoru IKENAGA, Hiroshi."— Presentation transcript:

1 Total Hip Arthroplasty for DDH (Crowe type III and IV) Dept. Orthopaedic Surgery Kyoto City Hospital, Kyoto, Japan Chiaki TANAKA, Minoru IKENAGA, Hiroshi KANOE, Makoto SHIMIZU, Koujirou TANAKA A 5- to 12-year follow-up study : Japanese experience

2 Purpose After my study in Cochin Hospital, I began to operate on the DDH patients in Japan. Especially, THA for DDH (Crowe type III and IV) patients is a technically demanding operation. We report our 5- to 12- year clinical results and technical problems in THA for difficult DDH patients.

3 Case K.K. 62yr-old F : cm 54.3 kg Crowe IV 88/10/22 88/11/10 89/3/8 93/2/2 The most difficult case in my experience

4 Case K.K. 62yr-old F : Crowe IV 93/12/24 94/1/14 94/9/29 95/4/6

5 Case K.K. 62yr-old F : Crowe IV 95/4/6 04/10/08 9yr 5mo

6 PATIENTS hips (27 women, 1 man) Average age at operation 58.5 y.o. ( ) Follow-up period 8 yr. 3 mo. ( 5-12 y ) Body weight 49.3 kg ( 35.7 – 67.0 ) Height 148.5cm ( – 167.2)

7 PATIENTS - 2 Crowe type III 14 IV 18 Previous Operations none 25 femoral osteotomy 7 pelvic osteotomy 1

8 RECONSTRUCTIVE METHOD-1 Lateral transtrochanteric approach 32 Total capsulectomy 32 Muscle release 0 Bone grafting acetabular 32 femoral 1 THA device Charnley LFA 8 Kyocera PHS 19 CMK 5 32

9 RECONSTRUNTIVE METHOD-2 Cup diameter Fixation of greater trochanter Ortron wire 27 Dall-Miles Cable Grip 3 Titanium wire 2

10 Clinical and Radiographical Evaluation Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Hip Score System Pain 40, ROM 20, Walking ability 20, ADL 20 Radiolucency : DeLee – Charnley zone Migration > 3mm or > 3degrees Position of hip center : distance from teardrop Bone graft coverage : % of the cup Bone grafts : union, resorption, collapse

11 RESULTS Revision : (acetabular loosening) 1 Reoperation : trochanter reattach 1 abductor advancement 1 32 Complications Dislocation 0 Trochanteric nonunion 4 Infection 0 Nerve palsy 0 32

12 JOA Hip Score Preop Last FU Pain ROM Walk ADL Total

13 Radiographic Evaluation - 1 Migration (Cup) 1 (Rev) Radiolucency Acetabular none 25 partial 6 (osteolysis 1) 32 Acetab. Loosening 1 / 32 ( 6.3%) PE Wear 2mm< 1

14 Radiographic Evaluation - 2 Stem sinking 0 Radiolucency partial 1 Osteolysis severe 2 mild 2

15 Radiographic Evaluation - 3 Rotational hip center horizontal distance av. 29.7mm vertical distance av. 22.4mm Bone graft coverage B / A av. 38% ( 24 ~ 54 ) 50%< 5 hips collapse 1 hip (Rev. at 18 mo) A B

16 Survivorship Endpoint : Revision 10 years Acetabular component 96.9% Femoral component 100%

17 THA for DDH Mackenzie JR hips (II:22,III:18,IV:19) Surv(Rev) 85% at 15y Surv(Rad.loose) 68% Numair J hips (IV) Surv(Rev) 68% at 15y Shinar AA hips Rev 36% Rev+Rad loose 60% at 16.5y Bobak P hips (I:4,II:17,III:13,IV:11) Rev 0% Rad loose 12% at 11y (10-15) Kerboull M hips (IV) Surv 78% at 20 y Kobayashi S hips (II:16,III:17,IV:4) Rev 0% Rad Loose 0% at 19 y (10-26) Hartofilakidis G hips (high disl) Surv(Rev) 76.4% at 15 y

18 Case K.K. 60yr-old F : Crowe III Pre-op 2mo 10yr 12.5yr JOA score 83 p. Wear < 2mm Osteolysis

19 Case M.K. 50yr-old F : Crowe IV Pre-op 1 mo 11 yrs JOA score 92 p.

20 Case S.I. 55yr-old F : Crowe IV Pre-op 2mo 8mo 9mo 12yr JOA s. 78 p. Nonunion Gr.Tr. Titanium wire Nonunion of Gr.Tr. Troch. Rev.

21 Case T.H. 78yr-old F : Crowe III Preop 2 mo 7 yr 9 mo JOA score 94 p.

22 Case Y.S. 80yr-old F : Crowe IV Pre-op 2 mo 6 yr 3 mo JOA score 76 p.

23 Case M.I. 53yr-old F : Crowe IV Preop 9 y 10 mo 9 y 5 mo JOA score 81 p.

24 Case F.M. 57yr-old F : Crowe III Preop 3w Advancem. 1w 8yr8mo Abduction contracture 25 deg. Trendelenbourg (-) JOA score 74 p.

25 Problems and my solutions 1) Acetabulum Small and shallow acet. thin walls CT scan is useful Difficult exposure of the true acetabulum Joint capsule is the excellent guide Bone grafting Deficient superior and posterior wall Preservation of ant. and post. column horn Small and atrophic femoral head graft shaping method option: harvesting the cortical bone by shortening the femoral shaft

26 Case K.K. 62yr-old F : Crowe IV Small Acetabulum True acetabulum is the best position !!

27 40 mm Though the true acetabulum is the best position, the AP diameter is small.

28 Problems and my solutions 1) Acetabulum Small and shallow acet. thin walls CT scan is useful Difficult exposure of the true acetabulum Joint capsule is the excellent guide Asagao Bone grafting Deficient superior and posterior wall Preservation of ant. and post. column horn Small and atrophic femoral head graft shaping method option: harvesting the cortical bone by shortening the femoral shaft

29 Morning Glory : Asagao Joint capsule : the best guide to obturator foramen It looks like a Morning Glory :Asagao in japanese Greater TrochFemur External obturator

30 Problems and my solutions 1) Acetabulum Small and shallow acet. thin walls CT scan is useful Difficult exposure of the true acetabulum Joint capsule is the excellent guide Bone grafting Deficient superior and posterior wall Preservation of ant. and post. column horn Small and atrophic femoral head graft shaping method option: harvesting the cortical bone by shortening the femoral shaft

31 Case K.K. 62yr-old F : Crowe IV Post. Wall Deficiency 40mm

32 Problems and my solutions 1) Acetabulum Small and shallow acet. thin walls CT scan is useful Difficult exposure of the true acetabulum Joint capsule is the excellent guide Bone grafting Deficient superior and posterior wall Preservation of ant. and post. Column Horn Small and atrophic femoral head graft shaping method option: harvesting the cortical bone by shortening the femoral shaft

33 Case M.K. 50yr-old F : Crowe IV 3D-CT Image Preservation of ant. and post. Column Horn

34 Problems and my solutions 1) Acetabulum Small and shallow acet. thin walls CT scan is useful Difficult exposure of the true acetabulum Joint capsule is the excellent guide Bone grafting Deficient superior and posterior wall Preservation of ant. and post. column horn Small and atrophic femoral head graft shaping method option: harvesting the cortical bone by shortening the femoral shaft

35 Bone Graft : Shaping Method

36 Problems and my solutions 1) Acetabulum Small and shallow acet. thin walls CT scan is useful Difficult exposure of the true acetabulum Joint capsule is the excellent guide Bone grafting Deficient superior and posterior wall Preservation of ant. and post. column horn Small and atrophic femoral head graft shaping method option: harvesting the cortical bone by shortening the femoral shaft

37 Case T.I. 60yr-old F : Crowe IV Extra-series

38 2) Femoral side Narrow canal, strong anteversion straight stem Respect the greater trochanteric bone bed when the femoral neck is cut stem design is very important !! Subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy is a useful technique when the reduction seems very difficult or when the femoral neck needs to be cut too much or in previously osteotomized cases Problems and my solutions

39 Preservation of Trochanter Bed Kyocera PHSCMK

40 2) Femoral side Narrow canal, strong anteversion straight stem Respect the greater trochanteric bone bed when the femoral neck is cut stem design is very important !! Subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy is a useful technique when the reduction seems very difficult or when the femoral neck needs to be cut too much or in previously osteotomized cases Problems and my solutions

41 Case T.S. 70yr-old F : Crowe IVCase S.K. 56yr-old F : Crowe IV Extra-series

42 3) Limb lengthening If the range of motion is good, lengthening is easy. If not, removal of the scar tissue is necessary. Principles of Prof. Kerboull Respect the periarticular muscles as possible. The best method to avoid nerve palsy !! Reduction mild flexion and adduction of the hip with mild flexion of the knee pushing the stem head directly into the cup Never pull the limb !! Problems and my solutions

43 4) Trochanter fixation In severely contracted hips, lowering the greater trochanter is difficult. Detachment of gluteal muscle origin upwards from ilium Option : advancement of gluteal muscles through the iliac rest incision Fixation with stainless monofilament wires Attention to titanium wires and Dall-Miles cables !! Problems and my solutions

44 Lowering of Greator Trochanter M. Kerboull EMCR.C. Kingsley JBJS Detachment upwards from ilium Advancement

45 4) Trochanter fixation In severely contracted hips, lowering the greater trochanter is difficult. Detachment of gluteal muscle origin from ilium upward direction from inside Option : advancement of gluteal muscles through the iliac rest incision Fixation with stainless monofilament wires Attention to titanium wires and Dall-Miles cables !! Problems and my solutions

46 Fixation of Greator Trochanter Titanium wireDall-Miles Cable Grip Attention to Titanium wires and Dall-Miles Cables

47 Conclusions THA for DDH (Crowe type III and IV) patients is a technically demanding operation. 5- to 12- year clinical results of our series were satisfactory. Main techinical problems are reconstruction of very small dysplastic acetabuli and solid fixation of greater trochanter.


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