Presentation on theme: "Subjunctive with Ojalá and Verbs of Hope"— Presentation transcript:
1Subjunctive with Ojalá and Verbs of Hope Desear, esperar and querer
2In EnglishYou express what you want someone to do with an infinitive, you express what you hope someone does with the present tense, and you express what you wish someone would do with the conditional. In Spanish, you can express all three with the subjunctive.
3For example Infinitive: I want John to arrive Quiero que John llegue Present: I hope John arrivesEspero que John llegueConditional: I wish John would arriveDeseo que John llegue
4Subjunctive with Verbs of Hope You already know how to form the present subjunctive. After verbs of hope, use the subjunctive if there is a change of subject.Desear-to WishEsperar-to hopeQuerer(e-ie)-to want
5Here’s howUse the indicative for the verb expressing a hope or wish and the subjunctive for the verb with the new subject. (*indicative means the regular present tense that you have been using all along)Verb of hope+que+different subject+subjunctive
6For example The teacher hopes that the students do the homework. La profesora espera que los estudiantes hagan la tarea.Verb of hope in the indicative (espera)+ que+New subject-the students+Verb in subjunctive (hagan)
7Another exampleThe principal wishes that the students would not use their phones.El director desea que los estudiantes no usen sus teléfonos.Verb of hope (desea)+ que+new subject (estudiantes) + subjunctive(usen)
8One more exampleThe mother wants her child to behave well. La madre quiere que su hijo se comporte bien. Verb of hope (quiere)+new subject (hijo) + subjunctive (se comporte)
9Your turn: Fill in the blank 1. Los jugadores _______(querer e-ie) que sus amigos __________(asisitir) a los partidos2. Yo ________(desear) que mis estudiantes _______(hacer) la tarea.3. El entrenador ______(esperar) que los jugadores_________ (practicar).
10OjaláOjalá expresses hope. It has only one form and cannot be conjugated. Ojalá can be used with or without que. Either way, it is used with the subjunctive.Ojalá que no llueva mañana.I hope it does not rain tomorrowOjalá que tengamos tiempo.I hope that we have time
11No change of subjectUse the infinitive and omit que if there is no change of subjectI hope that I get good grades.Espero sacar buenas notasThe subject is hoping something for him/her self. No subjunctive
12No change of subject cont I hope that I get good gradesEspero sacar buenas notasI hope something for myself (no change of subject…no subjunctiveMy mother hopes that I get good grades.Mi madre espera que yo saque buenas notas*My mother hopes something for me….needs subjunctive (change of subject)