Presentation on theme: "Residential Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard"— Presentation transcript:
1Residential Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard ANSI/TIA 570BResidential Telecommunications Infrastructure StandardUpdated Dec 2013 PRGodin
2IntroductionOriginally a standard for small commercial buildings the 570B standard has migrated to primarily address residential installations.Communication infrastructures are still relatively new in the residential construction market but have become common for new construction.
3General RequirementsCommunication cabling infrastructures in single- dwelling residences need to support a wide variety of communication requirements. The cabling structure needs to address:VoiceDataVideoSecurityWhole-home audioControl system
4Single Dwelling Residence Infrastructure Source: ANSI-TIA-EIA-570 Standard
5Grades of Residential Cabling Grade 1: BasicProvides for basic telecommunication services. Minimum:One 4-pair UTP (Cat5e or better)One 75Ω CoaxGrade 2: IntermediateProvides for basic to intermediate service needs. Minimum:Two 4-pair UTP (Cat5e or better)Two 75Ω CoaxOptional 2-fiber optical cabling
6Some DefinitionsDemarcation point: Point where ownership of the hardware changesDistribution Device (DD): Central facility used to connect outlets within the residence and to the service providersADO Cable: Connectorized cable assembly used to connect between the demarcation point and the DD.
7Typical 570B Residential Installation Source: ANSI-TIA-EIA-570 Standard
8The Distribution Device (DD) The DD may consist of:Passive cross-connectionsActive cross-connectionsA combination of passive & active cross-connectionsThe DD is installed within the tenant’s space in a centralized location that is easy to accessThe DD should be capable of handling all communication requirements
9Space for the DD There is a guideline for space to allocate for the DD The DD can be installed either on a backboard or between wall studs.Multiple interconnected DDs may be used within the same spaceDDs usually require electrical service
10DD Space Allocation Chart Source: ANSI-TIA-EIA-570 Standard
11Outlet CablesCables are run from the DD to the telecom outlets in a star topology.Cables shall not exceed 90 meters, with an additional 10 meters for patch cords and jumpers.Recognized cables:4pr UTP (cat 5e or better)Coax RG-6 (RG59 for CCTV only) foil & braidOptical fiber (50, & 62.5 MM, SM)
12Room RequirementsMinimum of one outlet location for each of these rooms:KitchenBedroomFamily RoomDen/Study RoomAdditional outlets should be installed where:there is more than 3.7 meters (12ft) along a continuous wallThere is more than 7.6 meters (25ft) along a broken wall
13Examples of Room Outlet Location Source: ANSI-TIA-EIA-570 Standard
14Cable PathwaysEfforts should be made to conceal the cabling within the walls of the building especially in new construction and remodeling.image: howto.techworld.com
15Special Case CablingAlarm, Control and other cables may fall under the jurisdiction of local and national codes and laws.The standard provides installation suggestions but is not meant to overrule specific legal and performance requirements.
16Special Case: Alarm/Security Cable Security alarm systems may consist of:SensorsMotion, breakage or shock detectorsDoor and window contactsSound & Pressure sensorsWater & temperature sensorsSmoke, heat and CO2 sensorsControl panelsEntry keypads and manual activators1 and/or 2-way audio and/or videoAlerting devices (siren, strobes, bells, etc)Remote (personal) devicesDoor and window latch operatorsLighting controlRemote connection
17Alarm/Security Systems Cable Should be run in a physical star topology. Daisy- chaining some devices may be the standard connection method but it is not recommended.Fire systems are subject to regulation by the US NEC.Typical security systems cable:16 or 18 AWG stranded or 22 AWG solid conductors4 conductor (active devices) or 2 conductor (passive devices)
18Video Cabling RG 59 for baseband video (such as CCTV) RG 6 for broadband (CATV, Satellite)Cat 5e/6 may be used with a balun
19Home AudioLocation of the audio systems is important for performance quality and ease of control. Follow manufacturer recommendations for installation locations and requirementsThree areas of control:Headend (DD) to distribution deviceDistribution device to volume controlVolume control to the speaker
21Audio Cable Headend (DD) to distribution: one cat 5e/64 conductor speakers for left and right2 conductors for controlDistribution to Volume control & Volume control to speakers4 conductors for 1 or 2 speakers
22Audio Cable AWGThe AWG is based on the wattage of the speakers and the length of the cable. Conductors should be red(+) and black(-), and for 4- conductors should include white(+) and green(-).Source: ANSI-TIA-EIA-570 Standard
23Control SystemsClimate control, lighting control and other home automation:Recommend following manufacturer’s recommendations for cablingThe standard recommends running a can 5e/6 between the active elements of the system to “accommodate a large variety of climate control options”.
24Multi-Dwelling & Campus Infrastructures Multi-dwelling buildings may have a single services demarcation and redistribute the service to the individual dwellings.ADO/DDUnit 2ADO/DDUnit 3ADO/DDUnit 1ADO/DDUnit 6Services Provider(s)ADO/DDADO/DDUnit 4Unit 5ADO/DDUnit 8ADO/DDEntrance FacilityCommon Equipment RoomUnit 7
25DistancesThe Entrance Facility should be connected to a separate common Equipment Room. This room should permit shared access for services and for the building management’s services.If the distance from the ER to the furthest dwelling is more than 150 meters the service provider should be advised.Limitations between the DD an outlets in the dwelling are limited to a maximum of 90 meters.
26Larger Multi-Dwelling & Campus Infrastructures If there are a large number of floors or units a CTR, or Common Telecommunications Room, should be located on each floor or on each 3rd floor.Services Provider(s)ADO/DDUnit 1Unit 2Unit 3Unit 4Unit 5Unit 6Unit 7Unit 8Common Equipment RoomEntrance FacilityCTR
27Campus Telecommunication Requirements Campus environments may consist of separate buildings.Interconnecting backbones should be contained within conduit, aerially or within interconnecting tunnels.Building entrance protection must be implemented where required
28Backbone Cabling Multi-conductor copper Multi-pair 100Ω UTP Series 6 & 11 coax (RG6 triple and quad shield and RG11)Series 59 coax (CCTV only)Other coaxial (“hardline”)Fiber Optics (50 & 62.5MM, SM)
29Telecommunications Outlet Telephone outlet with mounting studs permitted8 position mod jacks that meet the 568 standards (may be used with 6 pos plugs)Coax F connectorsRecommendation is that patch cords be factory made.
30Other Issues All firestop requirements must be followed Secondary protection must be installedGrounding must be implemented
31Electromagnetic Noise Data communications cable must be run with at least 2 inches of separation from a parallel power cable within a wall and 6 inches of separation from cables going to active security devices.Security cable must maintain at least 6 inches of separation from power cables.Audio cable should have at least 12 inches of separation from data communication cableTypically 12” of separation is recommended in all cases.
32Testing and Administration Testing should follow the 568C standardsAdministration should follow the 606B standards.Pathways planning should follow the 569B standard.
33ConclusionThe 570B standard addresses small installations and installations for residential units. These installations typically make use of a greater variety of communication requirements.The standard relies on other standards for administration, testing, cable performance and documentation.ENDgmail.com