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County of San Luis Obispo Fiber Optics Board of Supervisors October 16, 2012 Guy Savage Information Technology General Services Agency.

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Presentation on theme: "County of San Luis Obispo Fiber Optics Board of Supervisors October 16, 2012 Guy Savage Information Technology General Services Agency."— Presentation transcript:

1 County of San Luis Obispo Fiber Optics Board of Supervisors October 16, 2012 Guy Savage Information Technology General Services Agency

2 Means to communicate has evolved at an exponential rate in the last century. The ability to move messages has also evolved. But we still have not made a complete break from the past. COMMUNICATIONS TRANSPORT The Great Infrastructure Challenge of the 21 st Century? Today: Behind it all… Fiber Optics

3 Why Fiber? Reliable – Can get wet, free from electrical shorts or sparks – Immune to weather and electrical noise – Does not corrode Green – Made from renewable sources, mostly silica (sand) – Small and light weight More data (bandwidth) Best ROI for networks 3

4 Why not something else? Copper – Lower ROI – Electrical noise – Reached its limits Wireless (WiMAX, etc.) – Lower ROI – Not as secure – Interference – Health concerns, NIMBY – Best current uses are shorter distances 4

5 How does fiber work? Same concepts as any digital communication Uses flashes of light through glass – Signal travels at the speed of light – Delivers highest speeds over longer distances – Change the end devices, push more data 5 Fiber Optic Cable Electrical to Light Conversion Electrical Pulse In Light to Electrical Conversion Electrical Pulse Out

6 Fiber is the backbone for broadband communications – Broadband (Download: 4 Mbps, Upload: ~1 Mbps) – Mbps = Millions (mega) bits per second 6 Fiber and Broadband

7 80% POPULATION WITH MOBILE BROADBAND ACCESS BY % US POPULATION WITH SMARTPHONES 350M DAILY FACEBOOK USERS 1 DAY OF YOUTUBE CONTENT = 1 YEAR FROM THE NETWORKS 150B TEXT MESSAGES SENT EVERY MONTH IN THE US

8 ITS A BROADBAND WORLD MOBILE DATA TRAFFIC WILL INCREASE… 26x OVER A 5-YEAR SPAN FROM % GROWING AT A COMPOUNDED ANNUAL GROWTH RATE OF… ? ?

9 Broadband and Citizens 80% of all US citizens are connected 40,000 SLO County citizens do not have broadband Americans spend more time online than TV – Information gathering (news, Googling) – Applications: Facebook, Twitter, Skype, playing games – Shopping – Watching TV, movies, sharing photos and video Slower Faster Modem Satellite DSL Cable Fiber 9 * FCC 2012 Broadband study *

10 Need for faster upload and download Older technologies not fast enough (DSL, Cable) Share large data sets (images, audio, maps) Phone, video conferencing 10 Broadband and Business County Backbone – 1 Gig (1000 Mbps) County Internet – 40 Mbps Small Office (4-8 People) – 1.5 Mbps

11 Fiber across the County Saves time and money for citizens, business, and County Economic development, public safety, education, and enhanced services Critical for businesses (i.e. CalPoly Technology Park) 11

12 12 Remember the Google Hype?

13 The biggest obstacle for fiber cabling is the construction required, it is neither easy or cheap to build this type of infrastructure in our topography – Were not Kansas The Solution of SLO County: Leverage what we have in place 13 The Problem

14 Existing County Infrastructure Fiber Optic Strategic Plan – Backbone built based on 3 separate approaches – Negotiations with private carriers – Unified Metropolitan Area Network partnership – Nacimiento Water Project partnership Laterals (connections between locations) – County-funded – Partnerships (government and education) 14

15 15 County Fiber Map

16 Paso Robles 16

17 Templeton / Atascadero 17

18 Greater SLO City 18

19 Morro Bay / Los Osos 19

20 Oceano / Grover Beach 20

21 Education Local, State, or Federal government – Law enforcement agencies must connect – Little shared infrastructure, even with City of SLO – Starting to share, particularly in Paso Robles 21 Opportunity: Public-Public Partnerships Internet

22 Public – Public Partnership Example 22 County Connect L3 to NWP Superior Court Connect to County - thereby connect to State Schools Connect to each other City Connect to water treatment, NWP water, and Paso PD & FD

23 Another Public – Public Example 23 Grover Beach Amtrak / multi-modal transit center This project will better serve the needs of both the train and bus traveler and will identify Grover Beach as an accessible destination. The project is a great example of cross-agency cooperation. Mayor John Shoals Connect Coastal Dunes RV Park, Amtrak, City Parks/Rec, County Health, Superior Court

24 Nacimiento Water Project (spare conduit) – Consortium to fund – Potential revenue to County / District Dig Ordinance for public rights of way – Mirrors CalTrans approach – Local vendors informed about plans to dig – Opportunity to put in conduit & fiber 24 Opportunity: Public-Private Partnerships Internet

25 Public – Private Partnership Example 25

26 Talk to the leaders in your districts – Local government – Education – Groups (e.g. EVC) Encourage partnerships (public-public-private) Support related projects and ordinances Goal: Leverage what we have 26 Next Steps

27 Additional questions: Download presentation at: 27 Thank You!

28 28

29 Expand Broadband penetration Executive Order S IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that State Agencies shall cooperate in the implementation of this Order. Other entities of State government not under my direct executive authority, including the CPUC, the University of California, the California State University, California Community Colleges, constitutional officers, and legislative and judicial branches are requested to assist in its implementation. February 1, Presentation Broadband Penetration in SLO CountyTransPacific Cable Landings

30 30 Some Internet Terminology Dialup: 56K, at best Digital Subscriber Line (DSL):.3 Mbps to 5 Mbps Cable: Internet service from a cable TV provider 3 Mbps to 10+ Mbps Broadband: Always on access,.9+ Mbps upload, 4+ Mbps download WiFi: Wireless networking 11 Mbps up to 300 feet WiMAX: Wireless networking 72 Mbps up to 30 miles Download: Speed to get data down from the Internet Upload: Speed to send data up to the Internet Bandwidth: Measure of the volume of data being uploaded or downloaded ISP: Internet Service Provider FTTB: Fiber to the Business FTTH: Fiber to the Home FTTP: Fiber to the Premise UMAN: Unified Metropolitan Area Network

31 To reach 50% to consumer adoption it took: – 18 years for color TV – 15 years for the cell phone – 14 years for the VCR – 10.5 years for the CD player – 9 years for consumer broadband 31 Broadband Adoption Rates

32 Bridging the Digital Divide Adoption Rates vs. Availability Home Availability vs. Business Availability Availability Impacts on Education and Healthcare Economic Development and Community Vitality Public vs. Private investment – Chicken and the egg dilemma No local demand = no local investment No local investment = no services = no local demand Local Right of Way Management and Control – Local regulations, permitting, franchising, etc 32 Broadband confusion

33 If data is the common currency of the global economy, government is rich. So much that we need data about our data Way past megabytes, gigabytes, terabytes, and pentabytes – 1,200 exabytes of digital data in exabyte of data would equal roughly 10 billion copies of the Economist 33 How much data is there?* *Source: Public CIO - Special Report, Center for Digital Government


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