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Esquemas de la secuencia expositiva. Why Do Authors Use Different Text Structures? To organize and present information in order to affect readers in various.

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Presentation on theme: "Esquemas de la secuencia expositiva. Why Do Authors Use Different Text Structures? To organize and present information in order to affect readers in various."— Presentation transcript:

1 Esquemas de la secuencia expositiva

2 Why Do Authors Use Different Text Structures? To organize and present information in order to affect readers in various ways To make texts coherent and clear Por que los autores utilizan las diferentes estructuras de texto? Para organizar y presentar información con el fin de afectar a lector de varias maneras. Para hacer textos coherentes y claros.

3 Chronological order Orden Cronológico Definition: The writer presents ideas, series of events, or a process in the order in which they occurred. First ThenNextFinally Definición: El escritor presenta las ideas, de la serie de eventos, o un proceso en el orden en que ocurrieron. Signal Words (also time) Signal Words (also time) Chronos means time

4 Venn Diagram Compare and Contrast Definition: The writer presents differences and similarities of two or more objects, places, events or ideas by grouping their traits for comparison. Semejanzas y Diferencias Definición: El lector presenta las semejazas y diferencias de dos o mas objetos, lugares, eventos o ideas mediante la agrupación de sus características para la comparación. Signal Words: In comparison, by contrast, similarly, but, on the other hand, on the contrary, yet, however, despites, as opposed to, unlike.

5 Cause/ Effect Definition: The writer organizes information into a series of steps that lead to a specific outcome. British taxed the colonies Colonies declared independence United States became a country Cause y Efecto Definición: El autor organiza la información en una serie de pasos que conducen a un resultado especifico. Signal Words: For this reason, thus, since, in order to, as a result, therefore, consequently, because, due to, for this reason, in account to.

6 Problem (Explain the challenge) Action Taken (explain what needs to be done, or was done) Results (if available) Problem and solution Definition: The writer presents the problem and then explains possible solutions. Problema y solución Definición: El escritor presenta el problema y explica las posibles soluciones. Signal words: problem, solution, because, cause, since, as a result, in order to, so that, method. Offering advice

7 Used to convince people Children paid for their chores Allowance A great way to receive allowance. Responsibility Learn that to receive money they must work. Savings Learn to save money Proposition/Support Proposición/Sop orté Definition: A viewpoint is proposed. A logical argument is proposed. Definición: Un punto de vista que se propone. Un argumento que se propone. Signal words: clearly, logically, surely, in conclusion, therefore

8 Step by step Description/List Descripción/Lista Definition: The writer presents information in a structure that resembles an outline. Each section opens with its main idea, then elaborates on it, sometimes dividing the elaboration into subsections. Definición: El autor presenta la información en una estructura que se asemeja a una esquema. Cada sección comienza con su idea principal, y luego profundiza en el, a veces dividir la elaboración en subsecciones. Classroom LibraryTablesComputer Promethean Board Help visualize the topic. Use descriptive adjectives. Explain the characteristics of the topic. Help visualize the topic. Use descriptive adjectives. Explain the characteristics of the topic.


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