4Growth from One to Three Children ages one to three years change dramatically both in growth and development.Genes, nutrition, health, and experiences play roles in growth and physical development.4
5Growth from One to Three Children’s skills improve dramatically.Children grow and develop in height, weight, proportion, posture, and teeth.proportionThe size relationship between different parts of the body.5
7Development from One to Three General patterns of development include:head to foot.near to far.simple to complex.Senses and sensory integration develops.sensory integrationThe process by which the brain combines information taken in through the senses to make a whole.7
8Development from One to Three Developmental milestones compare the average abilities of children of different ages.Children require toys that are developmentally appropriate.developmentally appropriateToys, activities, and tasks that are suitable for a child at a specific age.8
9Development from One to Three Gross motor skills involve the use and control of the large muscles of the back, legs, shoulders, and arms.Fine motor skills involve the use and control small muscles, as in the hands and fingers.9
10Section 10.2 Caring for Children from One to Three One-to-three year olds experience manychanges in:sleep patternsnutritional needseatinghygienedressinghealthillnesssafety
11Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary night terrors hygiene sphincter musclessynthetic fibersflame-resistantincidentpollutant
12Sleeping In one- to three-year-olds: Changes in sleep patterns are common.Sleep disturbances often occur.How should you respond to a child’s sleep disturbances?
13Nutritional Needs and Eating The eating habits and attitudes of one- to three-year-olds will influence their eating habits throughout life.Children in this age group do not grow as rapidly and do not eat as much.Children must be taught to make nutritious food choices.
14Nutritional Needs and Eating Serving Sizes for Children Two and Three
15Nutritional Needs and Eating Serving Sizes for Children Two and Three
16Physical Health and Wellness Parents and caregivers must keep children safe from accidents.Medical checkups are important for children in this age group.Immunizations need to be current.
17Physical Health and Wellness Good dental hygiene is important.Personal hygiene must be taught and modeled.hygienePersonal care and cleanliness.
18ClothingClothing must be appropriate to allow children to dress and undress themselves.Clothes should be comfortable and durable.What features should you look for in clothes that will aid small children in dressing themselves?
19Growth and Development from One to Three Chapter SummarySection 10.1Growth and Development from One to ThreeHeredity and environment play key roles in child development, affecting body size, eye color, and disease risk.A poor diet can cause tooth decay.As children grow, their senses develop, giving them greater awareness of their environment.Gross and fine motor skills improve as children get older.19
20Caring for Children from One to Three Chapter SummarySection 10.2Caring for Children from One to ThreeSome toddlers experience sleep disturbances.Children should be given nutritious foods and encouraged to feed themselves.Homes should be childproofed to help keep children safe.A child should be ready before toilet training is started.Parents should provide comfortable clothes and teach good hygiene.20
21ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
22toddler niño pequeño A term that refers to one- and two- year-olds. Término que se refiere a los niños de uno a los dos años.Show Definition
23A child from age three to about age five. preschoolerniño preescolarA child from age three to about age five.Un niño desde los tres hasta los 5 años aproximadamente.Show Definition
24integración sensorial sensory integrationintegración sensorialThe process by which the brain combines information taken in through the senses to make a whole.El proceso en el que el cerebro combina en su totalidad la información tomada a través de los sentidos.Show Definition
25developmentally appropriate apropiado para su desarrollo Toys, activities, and tasks that are suitable for a child at a specific age.Juguetes, actividades y tareas que corresponden conla edad y el desarrollo de un niño.Show Definition
26dexteritydestrezaThe skillful use of the hands and fingers; ease and skill in physical activity.El uso hábil de las manos y los dedos; facilidad y habilidad en la actividad física.Show Definition
27terrores nocturnos night terrors A type of sleep disturbance that occurs during the first few hours of sleep, when children are sleeping deeply.Tipo de perturbación que ocurre durante las primeras horas de sueño, cuando los niños duermen profundamente.Show Definition
28Personal care and cleanliness. hygienehigienePersonal care and cleanliness.Se refiere a una situación que podría pasar.Show Definition
29sphincter muscles músculos del esfínter The muscles that help regulate elimination from the bowels.Los músculos que ayudan a regular la eliminación de los intestinos.Show Definition
30Fabrics made from chemicals, rather than natural sources. synthetic fibersfibras sintéticasFabrics made from chemicals, rather than natural sources.Tejidos hechos de sustancias químicas en vez de fuentes naturales.Show Definition
31flame-resistant resistente al fuego Something that is treated to not burn as quickly as other materials.Algo hecho de un material que es modificado para que no se queme tan rápido como otros materiales.Show Definition
32The state of differing from a former state or value. variationvariaciónThe state of differing from a former state or value.Estado diferente al estado o valor anterior.Show Definition
33proporción proportion The size relationship between different parts of the body.Relación de tamaño entre las diferentes partes del cuerpo.Show Definition
34An action, occurrence, or event. incidentincidenteAn action, occurrence, or event.Una acción, una ocurrencia o un evento.Show Definition
35Something that makes the environment dirty. pollutantcontaminanteSomething that makes the environment dirty.Algo que ensucia el ambiente.Show Definition
36Physical Development from One to Three End ofChapter 10Physical Development from One to Threehomeglencoe.com