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Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–1 Comparisons of inequality With adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and verbs, these constructions are used to make comparisons of inequality (more than/less than). Este hotel es más elegante que el otro.Franco tiene menos tiempo que Clementina. This hotel is more elegant than the other one.Franco has less time than Clementina does. ¡Llegaste más tarde que yo!Mi hermano viaja menos que yo. You arrived later than I did!My brother travels less than I do. ADJECTIVENOUN ADVERBVERB
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–2 Before a number (or equivalent expression), more/less than is expressed with más/menos de. Un pasaje de ida y vuelta va a costar más de quinientos dólares. Te consigo una respuesta en menos de media hora. A round-trip ticket will cost more than five hundred dollars. Ill get you an answer in less than half an hour.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–3 Comparisons of equality These constructions are used to make comparisons of equality. El vuelo de regreso no parece tan largo como el de ida. Cuando viajo a la ciudad, tengo tantas maletas como tú. The return flight doesnt seem as long as the flight over. When I travel to the city, I have as many suitcases as you do. Se puede ir de Madrid a Sevilla tan rápido en tren como en avión. Guillermo disfrutó tanto como yo en las vacaciones. You can get from Madrid to Sevilla as quickly by train as by plane. Guillermo enjoyed our vacation as much as I did. ADJECTIVENOUN ADVERBVERB
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–4 Tan and tanto can also be used for emphasis, rather than to compare: tanso tantoso much tantos/asso many ¡El viaje es tan largo! The trip is so long! ¡Viajas tanto! You travel so much! ¿Siempre traes tantas maletas? Do you always bring so many suitcases?
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–5 Superlatives This construction is used to form superlatives (superlativos). The noun is preceded by a definite article, and de is the equivalent of in or of. Ésta es la playa más bonita de todas. Es el hotel menos caro del pueblo. This is the prettiest beach of them all. It is the least expensive hotel in town.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–6 The noun may also be omitted from a superlative construction. ¿Conoce usted un buen restaurante en Sevilla? Las Dos Palmas es el más elegante de la ciudad. Do you know a good restaurant in Sevilla? Las Dos Palmas is the most elegant one in the city.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–7 Absolute superlatives The suffix –ísimo/a is added to adjectives and adverbs to form the absolute superlative. This form is the equivalent of extremely or very before an adjective or adverb in English. malo malísimo mucha muchísima difícil dificilísimo fácil facilísimo
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–8 Adjectives and adverbs with stems ending in c, g, or z change spelling to qu, gu, and c in the absolute superlative. Adjectives that end in –n or –r form the absolute superlative by adding –císimo/a. rico riquísimo larga larguísima feliz felicísimo joven jovencísimo (continued)
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–9 Irregular comparatives and superlatives
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–10 When grande and pequeño/a refer to size and not age or quality, the regular comparative and superlative forms are used. Ernesto es mayor que yo.Ese edificio es el más grande de todos. Ernesto is older than I am.That building is the biggest one of all.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–11 When mayor and menor refer to age, they follow the noun they modify. María Fernanda es mi hermana menor. Hubo un menor número de turistas. María Fernanda is my younger sister. There was a smaller number of tourists.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–12 The adverbs bien and mal also have irregular comparatives, mejor and peor. Mi padre maneja muy mal. ¿Y el tuyo? ¡Mi padre maneja peor que los turistas! My father is a bad driver. How about yours? My father drives worse than the tourists! Tú puedes hacerlo bien por ti mismo. Ayúdame, que tú lo haces mejor que yo. You can do it well by yourself. Help me; you do it better than I do.
Comparativos y superlativos
Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things has a lesser, equal, or greater degree of a quality. Copyright © 2008 Vista.
Both English and Spanish use superlatives to express the highest or lowest degree of a quality. Copyright © 2012 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
I. Comparatives come in three varieties:
Both English and Spanish use superlatives to express the highest or lowest degree of a quality. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2012 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Both Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things.
Both Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things has a lesser, equal, or greater degree of a quality. ©2014 by Vista.
Comparisons …. Comparisons are between 2 things, groups, ideas, or concepts. Comparisons are made when one object/one group is compared to another object/group.
Capítulo 8B Making comparisons. más/menos + noun/adj./adv. + que more/less + __________ + than Tiene más ajo que sal. It has more garlic than salt. 1.
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Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 9.3–1 The definite articles el, la, los, and las modify masculine or feminine nouns. The neuter.
Irregulars in the comparatives. There are comparative irregulars in English as well as in Spanish More good = better More bad = worse Más bueno = mejor.
Comparatives ¡Avancemos! p.174. Comparatives are expressions used to compare 2 people or things. ➔ In English, you can add -er to the end of a word or.
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La forma comparativa Comparing things. Whenever two qualities or quantities are compared, use más and menos.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
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Comparatives In English, we often add er to the adjective. En español, usamos…. más _____que (more ___ than) menos _____que (less ___ than) tan _____como.
Sentences of equality or inequality
Las comparaciones y los superlativos
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COMPARATIVES LOS COMPARATIVOS Instructor: Ema Mateica Sosa / TL Hanna.
Página 196 en sus libros. In English, these expressions are used to compare two people or things Ex. The girl is more short than the boy. They are formed.
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In English: We have two DEGREES of comparison: We have two DEGREES of comparison: –Pepito is tall. The Statement –Juanito is taller than Pepito. The.
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Comparisons. más + adjective + que = More… than Mi corbata es más bonita que tu corbata. Mi maestro es más inteligente que tu maestro.
Comparativos y Superlativos. What is a comparative? the comparative is a construction that serves to express a comparison between two (or more) entities.
Superlatives. You just finished doing comparatives. Now you’re going to do superlatives. In English, we have what we call the positive form, tall gorgeous.
Comparatives Español 2-2 Sra. Carpinella. What are comparisons? Comparisons are made when one object/one group is compared to another and a difference.
Apuntes 2-3 de junio Los superlativos Superlatives A superlative is the most or least of a category. Mario es el estudiante más listo de la clase. Mario.
Comparatives Español 1 – Unidad 3 lección 2. Learning Goal – Student will be able to make comparisons. What is a comparative? Comparatives are phrases.
Making Comparisons in Spanish. Comparatives in English More or –er in English Taller More easily Less in English Less boring Less easily.
Realidades – Page 255 Spanish Intensifiers. In Spanish, there are a number of words that can be placed words that can be use before an adjective, and.
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Demonstrative adjectives point out things. Use forms of este for things close to you. Use forms of ese for things farther away. MasculineFeminine This.
1. The “Slide Show” Tab 2. Click “From Beginning” 3. Click for each slide to change. 4. Do not rush! Some material takes time. Take your time and divide.
Spanish has two types of possessive adjectives: the unstressed (short) forms you learned in Lesson 3 and the stressed (long) forms. The stressed possessive.
Equal Comparisons Tan/tanto como. To compare similarities between people and things Use these phrases: Tan+ adjective or adverb +como As…………………………………..
El 20 de enero - Student will… Write a comparative journal entry ask and respond to questions use correct forms of tener & Hacer communicate what.
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