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End-To-End Residential Broadband Architecture And Products Opportunities Timothy Kwok, Ph.D Architect Network Architecture Group Windows Networking Microsoft.

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Presentation on theme: "End-To-End Residential Broadband Architecture And Products Opportunities Timothy Kwok, Ph.D Architect Network Architecture Group Windows Networking Microsoft."— Presentation transcript:

1 End-To-End Residential Broadband Architecture And Products Opportunities Timothy Kwok, Ph.D Architect Network Architecture Group Windows Networking Microsoft Corporation

2 Agenda Residential Broadband and Deployment
Microsoft® Residential Broadband Strategy Broadband Support in Windows® End-to-end ADSL and G.Lite Service Architecture Home Networking Architecture Cable Modem Architecture Product Opportunities in Broadband Auto Service Provisioning Call to Action

3 What Is Residential Broadband?
Fast networks to and through the home Requirements for residential broadband are different from business needs: Demands far greater ease of use Scale is potentially huge compared to business networking Driven by lifestyle/entertainment/information services Market drivers: Fast Web access - #1 consumer request Ecommerce - shopping and transactions Fat pipes to the home drive in-home networking

4 How Quickly Will Broadband Happen. U. S
How Quickly Will Broadband Happen? U.S. Residential High-Speed Data Service Connections By Technology (M) (IDC 10/98, Jupiter 8/98, Dataquest 10/98)

5 Microsoft Residential Broadband Strategy
Objective: enable and accelerate deployment of residential broadband services and applications Network Agnostic, focus on all emerging media: cable, DSL, wireless, etc. Promote standards and interoperability Work with existing standards bodies: ITU-T, IETF, ADSL Forum, ATM Forum, CableLabs/MCNS Accelerate standards development: E.g., PPP over ATM, G.Lite Drive ad hoc industry efforts as needed: e.g., UAWG Working with the industry to drive deployment (network operators and vendors) E.g., ease of use, Auto-Service provisioning

6 Windows Support For Broadband Networking
Implement necessary standards-based networking protocols support into Windows Native ATM support (Windows 98 and Windows 2000) PPP over ATM support (Windows 98 and Windows 2000) Windows 98 Second Edition Full QoS support in Windows 2000 including RSVP, diffserv, QoS policy, and traffic control Windows 98 - RSVP native Internet Sharing (Windows 98 and Windows 2000) PPTP support (Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT® 4.0, Windows 2000) Remote NDIS (Windows 98 and Windows 2000: beta H2 ’99; Windows CE: beta CY 2000)

7 Residential Broadband Service Model
Providers Network Access Provider Customer premise Content Providers Regional Broadband Network Access network ISP (POP) CO/Cable Hub Internet Regional Operation Center Corporate networks

8 Residential Broadband Service Requirements
Provide four key connectivity services: Internet access (information, games, etc.) Corporate networking: telecommuting Local content (local news-on-demand, video on demand) Peer-to-peer communications (video conferencing, IP telephony, multi-player games, etc.) Each service has different requirement sets

9 Residential Broadband Service Requirements
Public network: privacy, authorization, authentication and accounting Connect simultaneously to multiple ISPs and corporations Connect to corporations with multiple layer 3 protocols Auto-service provisioning (qualification, registration, verification) Support multicast Support QoS (service classes or per VC QoS)

10 DSL Technologies Digital Subscriber Line
Suitable for data and video Subscriber Line Employs existing copper infrastructure Why bandwidth >> analog modem? Shorter distance, typically < 18 Kft Much wider spectrum (MHz versus 4 kHz) Advanced DSPs

11 What Is ADSL? (Full rate) ADSL modems
Support both high speed data and POTS on separate spectrum Downstream (dedicated) 1.5 Mbps (18 Kft); 6-8 Mbps (9-12 Kft) Upstream (dedicated) 64 Kbps (18 Kft), 640 Kbps (9-12 Kft) Require splitter installed at customer premise

12 DSL Frequency Spectrum
ADSL POTS Downstream Upstream 1.5Mbps 8 Mbps 0.3 3.5 20 140 552 1104 Frequency (kHz) G.Lite

13 Why Universal-ADSL (G.Lite)?
Truck roll required to install full rate ADSL limit deployment scale and rate Tens of thousands instead of millions Limited by number of trucks :)! Need consumer version of ADSL Low complexity Easy and fast deployment in millions Remove need of splitter => avoid truck roll

14 What Is G.Lite? ADSL with no splitter needed
Up to Mbps Down, 512 kbps Up Reach: be able to operate on short and long loops, trading data rate against reach Complementary to ADSL A training wheel for consumers Focused on internal G.Lite PC comes with built-in G.Lite modem Together with analog (V.90)

15 UAWG (Universal ADSL Working Group)
Motivation: accelerate deployment of millions of DSL, not 10,000s Complement existing full rate ADSL History Formed in late 1997 Co-founded by Compaq, Intel, and Microsoft, together with U.S. telcos Over 50 companies today (including all major DSL vendors) Goals: accelerate development of G.Lite technologies and interoperability Work with ITU to specify G.Lite

16 UAWG Accomplishments ITU-T Determined G.Lite in October 1998
Less than a year from start, versus typical 4-year ITU standards cycle Interoperability efforts begun with UAWG members: with multiple successful tests

17 End-To-End DSL Service Architecture (Standards-Based)
End-to-end ATM between home PCs and destination networks/servers at Internet service providers (ISPs) Corporate networks Content providers One or more virtual connections (VCs) to ISPs, corporate networks, local content G.Lite has been specified to support ATM exclusively

18 Advantages Of The ATM End-To-End Model
A real WAN solution Protocol Transparency: multiple protocols at higher layers Multiple Service Classes QoS guarantees: on per VC basis Security: connection-oriented Fine grain bandwidth scalability: Match the adaptiveness of ADSL Evolution to other xDSL technologies

19 Employer’s Corporate Network
Baseline Model Employer’s Corporate Network Tunnel RAS ISP Internet ATM Network ADSL Local Content Provider “Native ATM” Service Provider Internet Content Provider

20 PPP Over ATM Model PPP runs exclusively over an ATM VC
No other protocols sharing the connection Null Encapsulation for mapping PPP over AAL5 SVC: selected using specific B-LLI signalling information element to specify PPP PVC: default is Null Encapsulated PPP Standardized by ADSL Forum and IETF ADSL Forum TR-012 RFC 2364 G. Lite has been specified to support ATM exclusively

21 End-To-End Protocol Architecture
ICP ISP or corporate network Telco: CO and Core network Client IP IP PPP PPP ATM ADSL

22 PPP Client Authentication
Internet Backbone ISP POP Call setup ATM Network ADSL ISP Data Center Content Provider

23 PPP Client Authentication
Internet Backbone ISP POP PPP CHAP RADIUS authentication ATM Network ADSL ISP Data Center Content Provider

24 PPP Client Authentication
Internet Backbone ISP POP Connection to Internet services ATM Network ADSL ISP Data Center Content Provider

25 Advantages Of The PPP Over ATM Model
Preserves dial-up model to ISP and corporate networks: leverages existing infrastructure Reduce cost by removing modem bank Support simultaneous connections to multiple networks Multiple PPP calls over separate ATM VCs Support multiple IP addresses at each client Uses each network’s respective IP address space Leveraging PPP capabilities Security, Autoconfiguration, Address Assignment, etc.

26 Windows Broadband Services Via DSL Modems Demonstration

27 PPP Over ATM SVC To Corporate Network, Internet And Local Content Provider
Windows 2000 Corporate Server (RAS) network Home Kid's PC Regional Broadband Network Internet DSL DSLAM with SVC capability modem Gateway PC Dad's PC Local content Windows 2000 Server NetShow on (PPTP/RAS) Windows 2000 Server

28 Home Networking And Broadband

29 Home PC(s) Configurations
PCI 10BaseT Hub 10BaseT PC DSL modem Modem PC Case B 10BaseT USB PC Modem PC 10BaseT PC 1394 Modem PC LAN Hub LAN PC Gateway DSL modem 10BaseT Modem PC Case A Case C PC PC

30 Case A - Single PC Modem connection options:
PCI card (exposed to O/S as an ATM device) USB modem (exposed as an ATM device using Remote NDIS) IEEE 1394 modem (exposed as an ATM device using Remote NDIS) - in the future Point-to-point Ethernet (exposed as an ATM device using Remote NDIS)

31 Case B - Shared Modem Problem: Extending PPP over the local home network Solution: Use local PPTP tunneling, leveraging existing PPTP support in Windows 95, 98, and 2000 Private IP within the home PPTP to the modem (terminated at modem) PPP over ATM across the network Reach different destinations from different PCs Why PPPOE is not recommended? Re-inventing the existing protocol support Requires new proprietary protocol development Requires user to install new stack

32 Local Tunnel Approach (PPTP/L2TP) For Multi-PC
HTTP TCP IP IP PPP PPP L2TP/ PPTP L2TP/ PPTP ATM ATM ATM IP IP SONET/SDH ADSL Ethernet MAC Service Provider DsL Modem or PC with built-in DSL modem Telco Client PC

33 Case C - Home Gateway Windows 2000 or Windows 98 as Home Gateway
Windows 2000 or Windows 98 PC connects to DSL line as in case A In-home network behaves as Ethernet Client Devices behind the Windows 2000 or Windows 98 PC using Autoconfigured using DHCP allocator “Shares” the Internet connection using NAT technology

34 Product Opportunities In ATM And DSL
ATM over ADSL adapter External ADSL modem: with Ethernet, or USB interface, or ATM 25 For Ethernet, supports local tunnel (PPTP) For USB, use Remote NDIS ATM 25 NICs with traffic shaping (ATM over) G.Lite and V.90 built in to PC ATM vendors: excellent SVC support is super critical (with billing and policy control interface) Signaling DSLAM: DSL Access Multiplexors

35 Cable Architecture: Hybrid Fiber Coax (HFC)
Amplifier/ line extender Drop (Headend) Cable Hub Feeder Neighborhood Area A Fiber Neighborhood Area C Fiber Node (optoelectronics) Coax About 500 homes passed Neighborhood Area B

36 HFC Cable Architecture
Spectrum allocation Downstream: MHz Upstream: MHz Node size: 500 to 2,000 homes passed Upgraded return path for upstream communications Cable modem bandwidth shared per node Downstream per 6MHz: Mbps Upstream: 500 kbps - 10 Mbps

37 Cable Modem Network Architecture (DOCSIS)
Switch Router Cable Modem PC HFC Regional Headend (Internet and Broadband service Ethernet or USB, or PCI Local caching, DHCP servers CMTS (cable router)

38 Cable Standard Trends CableLabs:
DOCSIS (also referred to as MCNS): defines how to provide basic Internet access over cable V1.0 is done - deployment by EOY ’98 V1.1 adds QoS at the cable MAC layer - deployment by mid/end ’99 PacketCable: defines how to support VoIP over cable Builds upon DOCSIS v1.1. Client: external voice adapter integrated with CM Service: primary voice and secondary voice OpenCable: defines a interoperable digital STB

39 Cable Modem Products Opportunities
Short-term: external Cable modems with Ethernet or USB Interface Long-term (low cost) approach: Internal (host-based) cable modems with QoS Take advantage of Windows QoS support CMTS and cable modem supports DOCSIS 1.1 for QoS support CMTS supports RSVP (and translation into DOCSIS 1.1)

40 Provisioning For DSL

41 The Problem Provisioning of DSL is complicated and expensive today because Multiple providers (ISP, telcos) coordination Loop qualification PC software and hardware qualification Service availability not guaranteed Requires truckroll Goal: Plug and Play simplicity without truckroll => will allow accelerated deployment of services Microsoft has been working with major Telcos, ISPs, CLEC and vendors, and to solve provisioning problem

42 Provisioning Requirements
Support multiple purchasing channels Online signup and registration Fastest possible loop qualification Automated line and service ordering between ISPs and LECs (XML or EDI) No truck roll required (before or after) Rapid service fulfillment (like POTS) Provide interim V.90 service while waiting for DSL service activation

43 Ordered from DSL provider
How Does The User Buy? Off-the-Shelf PC Ordered from PC OEM Ordered from ISP/OSP Ordered from DSL provider

44 Connecting To Broadband
Required steps (not necessarily in order) User requests service Loop and PC qualification Loop installation Device and Protocol installation Local connection configuration Local network connectivity establishment Sign-on, service selection, and connection Account authorization and service creation

45 Requirements For G.Lite
No truck roll - must enable users to it themselves Plug-and-play installation of service Configuration required of Physical Layer (DSL line coding) ATM layer (PVC and SVC configurations) Encapsulation type (PPPOA) IP layer (e.g., static addresses) Applications (browser settings, etc.)

46 Provisioning Procedure
Client uses V.90 to Referral Server Referral Server sends offers May be restricted to OEM partners Client connects to chosen ISP ISP identifies DSL availability and loop qualification from providers Using XML/EDI interchange in real time ISP provides Interim Narrowband service to user using INS file

47 Provisioning Procedure
ISP places DSL order with provider Automated using XML and/or EDI DSL provider connects loop and decides Low Layer configuration Low Layer INS information is passed to ISP by DSL provider ISP assembles complete Broadband INS and downloads to client ICW code on client configures PC and connects broadband service

48 Provisioning Procedure
Referral Server Request ISP BB Offer Offers (INS) PSTN Signup Low Layer Configuration Broadband INS Interim Service Loop Qualification Loop Order Interim INS (NB) ISP Registration Server Analog modem DSL provider DSL modem

49 Windows Logo For Broadband
DSL NIC Prerequisite: Standards based - T1.413 Issue 2, G. Lite (G ) NDIS 5.0 driver See PC ’99 System Design Guide External DSL modem With USB: remote NDIS With Ethernet: local PPTP tunnel Cable modem NIC Under development: based on ongoing CableLabs host-based cable modem work Feedback welcome

50 Conclusion Residential Broadband Services Tidal wave coming
G.Lite (G.992.2) allows rapid DSL deployment to millions of homes PPP over ATM is the target End-to-End protocol architecture for DSL systems For both ADSL and G.Lite Cable: DOCSIS is the (de facto) standard For rapid nationwide rollout, must focus on Interoperability (both physical and higher layers) Auto-service provisioning (true “plug and play”)

51 Call To Action Build standards-based solution
G.Lite (G.992.2) ADSL: ANSI T1.413 Issue 2 Higher layer protocol: PPP over ATM over DSL Cable modem: DOCSIS 1.0 or 1.1 Build ATM/DSL (G.Lite and T1.413) NIC, compatible with NDIS 5.0 (get Windows logo) Build ATM/DSL support on PC directly Remote NDIS for external DSL and cable modem (e.g., USB) PPTP local tunnel support for external DSL modem with Ethernet interface

52 Call To Action Please help expedite DSL and cable Deployment
Interoperability (both physical and higher layers) Auto-service provisioning (true “plug and play”) Follow Microsoft design guidelines for DSL Provide feedback to our DSL and cable architecture white papers

53 References Feedback: send e-mail to
For DSL: For cable: Design guidelines and DSL and cable white papers PC ’99 System Design Guide; PC XX at Design guidelines for external modems End-to-end DSL architecture End-to-end cable architecture PPP/ATM, DSL Architecture ATM: The New Paradigm for the Internet, Intranets and Residential Broadband Service and Applications, Tim Kwok, Prentice Hall, 1998

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