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Long-Form Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns (Los adjetivos y pronombres posesivos de forma larga) ¡Este premio es mío! ¡No, no es tuyo! ¡Es mío!

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Presentation on theme: "Long-Form Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns (Los adjetivos y pronombres posesivos de forma larga) ¡Este premio es mío! ¡No, no es tuyo! ¡Es mío!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Long-Form Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns (Los adjetivos y pronombres posesivos de forma larga) ¡Este premio es mío! ¡No, no es tuyo! ¡Es mío!

2 mi tu su nuestro vuestro su (s) os, (a, as) os,(a,as) (s) these are two-form adjectives, which agree only in number, while... these are four-form adjectives, which agree in number and gender. In Capítulo 1, you were introduced to the short forms (unstressed) of possessive adjectives. You may remember that... These forms always precede the noun. Mi signo es virgo y tu signo es piscis. My sign is Virgo and your sign is Pisces.

3 In this chapter you will study the long (stressed) forms. Notice the following chart. míos/asmío/a tuyos/astuyo/a suyos/assuyo/a nuestros/asnuestro/a vuestros/asvuestro/a suyos/assuyo/a Possessive adjectives (long forms) yo Subject pronounSingularPlural tú él ella Ud. nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos ellas Uds. my, (of) mine your (fam.), (of) yours his, (of) his, its hers, (of) hers, its your (form.) our, (of) ours your (fam. pl.), (of) yours) their, (of) theirs your (form. pl.), (of) yours)

4 In contrast to the short forms, the long forms of possessive adjectives always follow the noun. Also, all are four-form adjectives and thus agree with the noun in both gender and number. La propina tuya está en la mesa. Your tip is on the table. Aquí son las paradas mías. Here are my stops. El boleto nuestro es caro. Our ticket is expensive.

5 My notebook is the blue one.Mine is the blue one. Aquí hay dos cuadernos: uno negro y uno azul. ¿Cuál es el cuaderno tuyo, el negro o el azul? El cuaderno mío es el azul. tuyo, el mío es el azul. The long forms of possessive adjectives may be used as pronouns. In such instances, the definite article is used with the possessive adjective and the noun is omitted. Here are two notebooks: a black one and a blue one. Which is your notebook, the black one or the blue one? yours, the black one or

6 Los locutores nuestros son muy buenos. Your news is horrible.Yours are horrible. Las noticias tuyas son horribles. nuestros son muy buenos. tuyas son horribles. The long forms of possessive adjectives may be used as pronouns. In such instances, the definite article is used with the possessive adjective and the noun is omitted. Our announcers are very good.Ours are very good. More examples:

7 La crítica suya es imposible. As with the short forms of su(s), long-form possessive adjectives and pronouns may be clarified in the third- person forms. For adjectives, the long form suyo/a(s) can be replaced by the construction de + pronoun in order to clarify the identity of the possessor. His criticism is impossible.

8 El gerente suyo llega ahora. As with the short forms of su(s), long-form possessive adjectives and pronouns may be clarified in the third- person forms. For adjectives, the long form suyo/a(s) can be replaced by the construction de + pronoun in order to clarify the identity of the possessor. Their boss is arriving now.

9 La suya (la motocicleta) es más rápido que la nuestra. For the pronouns el suyo, la suya, los suyos, and las suyas, use the definite article + de + pronoun: el/la de usted, los/las de ellos, etc. The definite article must agree in gender and number with the noun it replaces. Yours (the motorcycle) is faster than ours. La de usted es más rápida que la nuestra. Yours is faster than ours. Stated more unambiguously:

10 It should be noted that the stressed forms of the possessive adjectives and pronouns are used for emphasis in a comparative manner, much as we use vocal stress in English for the same purpose. Notice the following: Mi celular no tiene cámara digital. My cell phone doesnt have a digital camera. The preceding is a simple statement of fact. Im not comparing my camera to anyone elses. The word my is not stressed in English in this case, so the unstressed possessive is used in Spanish.

11 It should be noted that the stressed forms of the possessive adjectives and pronouns are used for emphasis in a comparative manner, much as we use vocal stress in English for the same purpose. Notice the following: El celular mío no tiene cámara digital, pero el tuyo sí la tiene. My cell phone doesnt have a digital camera, but yours does. If, on the other hand, I want to compare my cell phone to yours, I might say something like... In this case, the stressed forms of the possessives are used in Spanish, just as we would use vocal stress in English.

12 Este coche es el mío, y aquél es el tuyo. The definite article can be omitted after the verb ser, but only when the sentence deals with simple possession. mío, y aquél es tuyo. Omission of the Definite Article

13 However! Mi carro es verde. ¿De qué color es el tuyo? El mío es azul. Since more is involved than simple possession, the article is obligatory, even after the verb ser. Omission of the Definite Article

14 FIN


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