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Biology of Aging/ Bio-Gerontology John K. Lloyd, PhD Associate Professor of Biology Division of Natural Sciences College of Arts and Sciences Aurora University.

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Presentation on theme: "Biology of Aging/ Bio-Gerontology John K. Lloyd, PhD Associate Professor of Biology Division of Natural Sciences College of Arts and Sciences Aurora University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biology of Aging/ Bio-Gerontology John K. Lloyd, PhD Associate Professor of Biology Division of Natural Sciences College of Arts and Sciences Aurora University

2 My Favorite Things Malox and nose drops and needles for knitting, Malox and nose drops and needles for knitting, Walkers and handrails and new dental fittings, Walkers and handrails and new dental fittings, Bundles of magazines tied up in string, Bundles of magazines tied up in string, These are a few of my favorite things. These are a few of my favorite things. Cadillacs, cataracts, hearing aids, glasses, Cadillacs, cataracts, hearing aids, glasses, Polident, Fixodent, false teeth in glasses, Polident, Fixodent, false teeth in glasses, Pacemakers, golf carts, and porches with swings, Pacemakers, golf carts, and porches with swings, These are a few of my favorite things. These are a few of my favorite things.

3 When the pipes leak, When the bones creak, When the knees go bad, I simply remember my favorite things, And then I dont feel so bad. Hot tea and crumpets, and corn pads for bunions, No spicy hot food, or food cooked with onions, Bathrobes and heating pads, hot meals they bring, These are a few of my favorite things.

4 Back pains, confused brains, and no fear of sinnin, Back pains, confused brains, and no fear of sinnin, Thin bones and fractures, and hair that is thinnin, Thin bones and fractures, and hair that is thinnin, More of the pleasures advancing age brings, More of the pleasures advancing age brings, When we remember our favorite things. When we remember our favorite things. When the joints ache, when the hips break, When the joints ache, when the hips break, When the eyes grow dim, When the eyes grow dim, I simply remember the great life Ive had, I simply remember the great life Ive had, And then I dont feel…………….so bad! And then I dont feel…………….so bad!

5 Old Age is Heck By the late Lester J. Ebel When you are young and really spry You could kick your feet as high as the sky Now you walk slow, one step at a time Make sure no hill is there to climb The body gets stiff You get cramps in your legs Corns on your feet as big as hens eggs Gas in your stomach; elimination poor Take Ex Lax at night, but then youre not sure Your get up and go has already went You huff and puff as you shuffle your feet So if the new year finds you feeling quite well Old age is only as bad as you feel The best things in life may still lie ahead Stand tall for life is not over For all is not said

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8 Statistics The number of people in the U.S. who are 85 years old and older will quadruple by The number of people in the U.S. who are 85 years old and older will quadruple by Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Americans, on average, are living longer. Life expectancy at birth has increased from about 47 in the early 1900s to around 76. One in 26 baby boomers is expected to make it to 100. Americans, on average, are living longer. Life expectancy at birth has increased from about 47 in the early 1900s to around 76. One in 26 baby boomers is expected to make it to 100. Source: The Pulse, Fall 2003, Dreyer Medical Clinic

9 © 2009 Jones and Bartlett Publishers Long-Term Care: Personnel Needs If recent rates of chronic disability and health care use continue, consumer demands will more than double by 2020 If recent rates of chronic disability and health care use continue, consumer demands will more than double by 2020 Requirements for personnel specifically prepared to serve older people will greatly exceed the current supply Requirements for personnel specifically prepared to serve older people will greatly exceed the current supply Healthcare practitioners will routinely serve older people in the future as part of their regular duties Healthcare practitioners will routinely serve older people in the future as part of their regular duties This care will make up approximately to of the workload of physicians and other healthcare personnel This care will make up approximately to of the workload of physicians and other healthcare personnel

10 © 2009 Jones and Bartlett Publishers Potential Healthcare Needs Chronic diseases will require continuing services from physicians and other healthcare personnel Chronic diseases will require continuing services from physicians and other healthcare personnel Mental impairments have serious impact on the functioning of many elderly Mental impairments have serious impact on the functioning of many elderly Dental needs among the elderly are often serious, especially since Medicare does not include dental care Dental needs among the elderly are often serious, especially since Medicare does not include dental care Most debilitating conditions producing functional impairment among the healthy elderly are dementia, stroke, and hip fractures Most debilitating conditions producing functional impairment among the healthy elderly are dementia, stroke, and hip fractures Most common causes of disability in the old-old group (85 and older) are arthritis, heart and circulatory disorders, and dementia Most common causes of disability in the old-old group (85 and older) are arthritis, heart and circulatory disorders, and dementia

11 © 2009 Jones and Bartlett Publishers Personnel Needs: Education & Training Greatly expanded federally funded training programs are required to prepare personnel to provide services in homes, hospices, nursing homes, and other community settings Greatly expanded federally funded training programs are required to prepare personnel to provide services in homes, hospices, nursing homes, and other community settings Provide responsive care to older persons, greater emphasis on the special needs and conditions of older persons should be included in the education of all health and human service personnel Provide responsive care to older persons, greater emphasis on the special needs and conditions of older persons should be included in the education of all health and human service personnel Education should include skill in the priority services for high-risk groups as well as knowledge of cultural differences Education should include skill in the priority services for high-risk groups as well as knowledge of cultural differences

12 Bio-Gerontology, a Service Learning Opportunity Students especially interested in the health professions should have exposure to the geriatric population. Individuals are living longer and the baby boomers are quickly approaching the golden years. As an individual ages so does the need for healthcare. Aging, which leads to gradual changes in body composition, involves structural and functional losses at the cellular, tissue, and organ system levels. Chronic medical conditions such as hypertension, arthritis, coronary heart disease and stroke have been associated with the aging process. Health care providers need to distinguish patho-physiological conditions from normal aging of the human body. Service-learning allows students to take what they have learned from the classroom and apply it to a service project in the community. Students have the opportunity to interact and observe elders in a local long-term care facility weekly and also organize a group beach party with various games for the residents. As individuals grow older, companionship becomes more important, so the students visitations are highly appreciated. Human bonding (making close friendships) are definitely taking place. Students keep a journal of their interactions with the residents, conduct research on their residents medical conditions, and give a presentation of their findings and reflections of their interactions. Students especially interested in the health professions should have exposure to the geriatric population. Individuals are living longer and the baby boomers are quickly approaching the golden years. As an individual ages so does the need for healthcare. Aging, which leads to gradual changes in body composition, involves structural and functional losses at the cellular, tissue, and organ system levels. Chronic medical conditions such as hypertension, arthritis, coronary heart disease and stroke have been associated with the aging process. Health care providers need to distinguish patho-physiological conditions from normal aging of the human body. Service-learning allows students to take what they have learned from the classroom and apply it to a service project in the community. Students have the opportunity to interact and observe elders in a local long-term care facility weekly and also organize a group beach party with various games for the residents. As individuals grow older, companionship becomes more important, so the students visitations are highly appreciated. Human bonding (making close friendships) are definitely taking place. Students keep a journal of their interactions with the residents, conduct research on their residents medical conditions, and give a presentation of their findings and reflections of their interactions.

13 Student Outcomes with Service Learning Students will: Apply academic, social, and personal skills to improve the community. Apply academic, social, and personal skills to improve the community. Make decisions that have real, not hypothetical, results. Make decisions that have real, not hypothetical, results. Grow as individuals, gain respect for peers, and increase civic participation. Grow as individuals, gain respect for peers, and increase civic participation. Experience success no matter what their ability level. Experience success no matter what their ability level. Gain a deeper understanding of themselves, their community, and society. Gain a deeper understanding of themselves, their community, and society. Develop as leaders who take initiative, solve problems, work as a team, and demonstrate their abilities while and through helping others. Develop as leaders who take initiative, solve problems, work as a team, and demonstrate their abilities while and through helping others.

14 Things to Do While Visiting a Senior Citizen Make a special scrapbook of your time together Make a special scrapbook of your time together Work on a craft project together Work on a craft project together Do crossword and/or jigsaw puzzles together Do crossword and/or jigsaw puzzles together Subscribe to your elders hometown newspaper and bring it along Subscribe to your elders hometown newspaper and bring it along Bring things related to the season or upcoming holiday to do and talk about Bring things related to the season or upcoming holiday to do and talk about Plant and take care of an indoor window garden together Plant and take care of an indoor window garden together Building a bird feeder or house to hang outside their window and next bird watch Building a bird feeder or house to hang outside their window and next bird watch Listen to music together and play name that tune Listen to music together and play name that tune Play card, table, or board games together-favorites and new ones Play card, table, or board games together-favorites and new ones Bring a favorite recipe book to explore or to plan a meal from together Bring a favorite recipe book to explore or to plan a meal from together Watch television together and talk about the programs youve seen Watch television together and talk about the programs youve seen Read a chapter of a novel or several poems each time you visit Read a chapter of a novel or several poems each time you visit Ask your elder to share memories of how the community has changed Ask your elder to share memories of how the community has changed Sit and hold your seniors hand and lend a good listening ear Sit and hold your seniors hand and lend a good listening ear Give your friend a hug as you arrive and each time you say goodbye Give your friend a hug as you arrive and each time you say goodbye

15 Student Reflections

16 Guidelines for Reflections How has this experience change your outlook on the elderly and working in the health care field with an aging baby boomer population? How has this experience change your outlook on the elderly and working in the health care field with an aging baby boomer population? What was your project (activity) that you did with your resident and how did it influence their day? What was your project (activity) that you did with your resident and how did it influence their day? After watching the film, Tuesdays with Morrie any similarities with your relationship with your resident? After watching the film, Tuesdays with Morrie any similarities with your relationship with your resident? How would you improve the living conditions (quality of life) in a long- term care facility? How would you improve the living conditions (quality of life) in a long- term care facility? As you interacted with your resident, any physiological systems aging or demonstrating pathological symptoms? As you interacted with your resident, any physiological systems aging or demonstrating pathological symptoms? Any suggestions to improve the experience with a resident at a long- term care facility? Any suggestions to improve the experience with a resident at a long- term care facility?

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18 I had a blast carving the pumpkins and watching the elderly try to figure out our word games. I think that the residents at Provena loved us being there. The smiles on their faces showed that they were having a good time. I think that they had fun in all of our activities whether it was from carving pumpkins to introducing who we were or maybe it was the judging of the pumpkins. This experience has definitely changed my outlook not only for the healthcare system but also for the elderly. I seem to have more respect for the elderly and I personally want to make sure that they receive the best healthcare that they can have.

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20 After visiting the Provena Mercy Center Long- Term Care Facility, I learned so much about the elderly and how lucky I am that I could spend my time with them. To see the smiles on their faces and the laughter while we were doing our activities made me feel wonderful. Upon arriving at Provena, I thought that this would just be another school function that I have to go to and I am not going to like it. I thought that if I had been to one long-term care facility before then Ive been to them all. I was wrong because this was a fantastic experience.

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22 In all honesty, I can say that I really never had a passion for the elderly (maybe that is just because my passion is for children). I dont know if I want to use frightened for the word to describe how I felt about nursing homes and old age, but maybe in a way that is the perfect word to use. Although I find anatomy and physiology fascinating, biological aging never really fascinated me, until I met Beluluah. And I wish I could take back my negative feelings and lack of support and empathy that I once had for the elderly. After spending a semester at Elmwood, I began to realize that a nursing home really can be a positive change in ones life.

23 Easter Egg Decoration

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25 At first, I thought that going to the nursing home and seeing all of the poor people with dementia was sad. However, as I continued to visit, I became more cheerful. I realized that feeling sad and sorry for them wouldnt help them (or me, for that matter) feel any better. I thought that I might have made some of the residents happier if only for a few minutes.

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27 Overall, this experience has been like no other. I learned not only about Judy but other elderly as well. I also learned that our healthcare system is not very perfect after all. There is a lot lacking and there needs to be something done. The realization that I may not be as healthy as I thought may affect me in the future. I dont want to have all of these diseases that some of the elders had. I do not want to take 8 pills a day. I also do not want to suffer more than I might have to, but in order to do that I must change. For the most part I have, because of this class.

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29 This clinical experience really has changed my outlook on the healthcare system and the elderly. As I mentioned before, I was somewhat scared of nursing homes and long term care facilities because of the death and sadness that surrounds them. Visiting Elmwood each week has showed me that there is nothing to be afraid of. There are a lot of people in long term care facilities who need help and rely on the care and compassion of other people.

30 As you go through life, act in such a way as to not deprive others of happiness. Avoid giving sorrow to your fellow man, but to the contrary, see that you give him joy as often as you can. SIOUX PROVERB

31 My Neighbor, Floyd, who Defines Healthy Aging Self-sufficient Self-sufficient Accomplishes all daily tasks of living (meals, laundry, and personal needs) Accomplishes all daily tasks of living (meals, laundry, and personal needs) Drives his car Drives his car Articulated and knowledgeable in conversations Articulated and knowledgeable in conversations Active in the community (church, Visiting Nurses Associations Hospice, and Aurora University) Active in the community (church, Visiting Nurses Associations Hospice, and Aurora University) His secrets of the fountain of youth are genes, having a positive outlook on life, eating the right foods, and performing physical exercise. His secrets of the fountain of youth are genes, having a positive outlook on life, eating the right foods, and performing physical exercise.

32 Photos of Floyd

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