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Biodiversity Beneath the Surface Dayne Buddo Senior Research Officer Jamaica Clearing House Mechanism Natural History Division Institute of Jamaica.

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Presentation on theme: "Biodiversity Beneath the Surface Dayne Buddo Senior Research Officer Jamaica Clearing House Mechanism Natural History Division Institute of Jamaica."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biodiversity Beneath the Surface Dayne Buddo Senior Research Officer Jamaica Clearing House Mechanism Natural History Division Institute of Jamaica

2 Biodiversity Biodiversity is simply the variety of all life on earth The tropical rain forest and the coral reef are the two most diverse ecosystems in the world.

3 Coral Reefs A coral reef is a physical structure comprising delicate and minute animals called coral polyps. A coral reef is a physical structure comprising delicate and minute animals called coral polyps. These little creatures are the builders of the reef These little creatures are the builders of the reef They are very susceptible to damage They are very susceptible to damage

4 Marine Debris Cereal box = 2 months Biodegradable diaper = 1 year Disposable Diaper = 450 yrs

5 Marine Debris Styrofoam Cup = 80 yrs. Aluminum Can = 200 yrs. Plastic bottle = 450 yrs

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7 The Jamaica Scenario Jamaicas reefs are regularly bombarded by hurricanes (reefs protect our coastline) Jamaicas reefs are regularly bombarded by hurricanes (reefs protect our coastline) To compound the problem, Jamaicans overfish and pollute the waters around the reefs To compound the problem, Jamaicans overfish and pollute the waters around the reefs

8 Jamaicans – big part of the problem Overfishing of important grazers that feed on algae adds to the problem Overfishing of important grazers that feed on algae adds to the problem eg. Parrotfishes eg. Parrotfishes We also use dynamite, catch many small fishes, and catch animals such as lobsters during the closed season. We also use dynamite, catch many small fishes, and catch animals such as lobsters during the closed season. Pollution increases algae which smothers coral polyps, causing the reef to die Pollution increases algae which smothers coral polyps, causing the reef to die

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12 What are scientists doing? Marine Protected Areas Marine Protected Areas Establishments such as the Cayman Turtle Farm Establishments such as the Cayman Turtle Farm Numerous conservation and education projects Numerous conservation and education projects

13 How can you help? Be responsible citizens Be responsible citizens Get involved with environmental groups Get involved with environmental groups

14 How can you help? Volunteer your services Volunteer your services

15 How can you help? Get exposure eg. Summer Marine Program Get exposure eg. Summer Marine Program

16 Website: t.com

17 The Jamaica Clearing House Mechanism Biodiversity for Schools

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21 Thank you


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