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Civics Core 100, Goal 1 Goal 1: The learner will investigate the foundations of the American political system and explore basic values and principles of.

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Presentation on theme: "Civics Core 100, Goal 1 Goal 1: The learner will investigate the foundations of the American political system and explore basic values and principles of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civics Core 100, Goal 1 Goal 1: The learner will investigate the foundations of the American political system and explore basic values and principles of American democracy.

2 Colonial Regional Differences

3 THREE REGIONS OF COLONIES
NEW ENGLAND MIDDLE SOUTHERN

4 New England

5 New England Colonies Religious freedom sought Hilly, rocky soil
Shipbuilding and trade Puritans, pilgrims New England Colonies = Blue

6 Middle Colonies

7 Middle Colonies Bread basket colonies
Farmers: wheat and other cash crops Busy ports (New York and Philadelphia) because of foreign trade Industries: sawmills, mines, ironworks Quakers(peace loving peoples) in Philadelphia Middle Colonies = Yellow

8 Southern Colonies

9 Southern Colonies Warm climate and long growing season = large-scale agriculture (tobacco) Rice, indigo, and grain -Cash crops Dependent on slave labor Southern Colonies = Pink

10 mercantilism

11 Mercantilism Great Britain’s policy toward the American Colonies under George III around 1760. Theory that a country’s power depends on its wealth: Sell more goods to other countries than it buys Favorable balance of trade: more exports, fewer imports EXPORTS >IMPORTS

12 Triangular Trade

13 Triangular Trade Brought African Slaves to America through three part process From molasses to rum to slaves From southern America, from New England, from Africa

14 Triangular Trade Trip from Africa to Americas known as Middle Passage

15 Mayflower Compact

16 Mayflower Compact Precedent for Direct Democracy and Self-Government: Every citizen is involved town meetings to discuss and vote on issues of the town Created by Pilgrims on arrival from England Begins New World tradition of self-rule

17 House of Burgesses

18 House of Burgesses In 1619 in Jamestown, Va.
1st representative assembly beginning of self-government in the colonies

19 Long-Term Causes of the American Revolution

20 Long-Term Causes of the American Revolution
Taxation without Representation The colonies had no representatives to Parliament. Stamp Act of 1765: colonists must attach expensive stamps to all newspapers and legal documents Mercantilism Policy of Britain wanting to export more than import Requires colonies to trade solely with Britain and provide resources. Salutary Neglect Colonies had gotten use to governing themselves with little interference from England. This changes after the French-Indian War. Tradition of Self-government Stamp Act Congress: Oct 1765, 9 of 13 colonies sent representatives to the Stamp Act Congress in NYC 1st time majority of colonies join together to oppose British rule British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act

21 Short-Term Causes of the American Revolution

22 Short-Term Causes of the American Revolution
Declaratory Act of 1766: Parliament had right to tax and make decisions for the American colonies “in all cases” Townshend Acts: legalize the use of writs of assistance to assist customs officers in arresting smugglers General search warrants Enter any location to look for evidence of smuggling March 5, 1770: Boston Massacre: British soldiers fired into a crowd, killing 5 Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Protests and Boycotts of British Policy Sons of Liberty Committees of Correspondence

23 Short Term Causes of the American Revolution continued…
“No taxation without representation!” 6. Tea Act: British East India Company gets the right to ship tea to the colonies without paying most of the taxes usually placed on tea Their tea is cheaper than any other tea in the colonies Boston Tea Party: Dec. 1773, group of angry colonists dressed as Native Americans dumped 342 chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor 7. Coercive Acts or Intolerable Acts: response of Britain to the Boston Tea Party restricted the colonists’ civil rights, including right to a trial by jury Closed Boston Harbor Placed Soldiers within Boston to control the port

24 Republic

25 Republic REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY System of limited government
FORM OF GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OFFICIALS ELECTED BY THE POPULACE RUN THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE PEOPLE System of limited government The people are the ultimate source of power

26 Representative Democracy

27 Representative Democracy
Citizens choose smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf What Form of Gov’t do we have? Representative Democracy U.S. is the oldest Representative Democracy in the world

28 Purpose of Government

29 Purpose of Government PEPP: Provide Laws Enforce Laws Provide Services
Plan for the Future

30 Declaration of Independence

31 Declaration of Independence
AUTHORE: Thomas Jefferson INFLUENCES: Enlightenment ideas Social Contract Theory of John Locke John Locke’s Natural Rights-Life, liberty and property Jean Jacques Rousseau’s “All Men are created equal” Approved by the 2nd Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 Included long list of abuses by King George III and called him a tyrant Also included the purpose of government (to protect the rights of the people)

32 Social Contract Theory

33 Social Contract Theory
Agreement between the government and the governed: the government and the people Contract states that the people will follow the rules of the government so long as the government looks out for their best interest. When the government stops looking out for the people, the people have a right to abolish the government. People agree to give up part of their freedom to a government in exchange for protection of natural rights

34 Social Contract within Declaration of Independence
That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government,

35 Constitutional Convention

36 Constitutional Convention
1787 in Philadelphia Purpose: To Revise the Articles of Confederation which weren’t working 12 of 13 states attended: Rhode Island didn’t Federalists vs. Anti-federalists Federalists wanted to strengthen the national government Anti-Federalists wanted states’ and people to maintain the power

37 Compromises

38 The Great Compromise The two plans
Virginia Plan: representation based on states’ population New Jersey Plan: Equal representation The Great Compromise(Connecticut Compromise) 2 house legislature-bicameral Senate based on equal representation(2 per state) House of Representatives based based on states’ population as determined by census every 10 years

39 The Three-Fifths Compromise
Delegates agreed that every 5 enslaved persons would count as 3 free people 3/5 of the slave population in each state would be used in determining representation in Congress and for taxing purposes as well

40 Articles of Confederation

41 Articles of Confederation
Our first national government in the United States It DID NOT WORK WEAKNESS RESULT No executive Couldn’t enforce laws No judiciary Couldn’t settle disputes 9 of 13 to pass laws Difficult to pass legislation

42 First Political Parties

43 First Political Parties
Democratic-Republicans Federalists Thomas Jefferson Strong support in the South and West People and states should retain as many rights as possible Strict construction of the Constitution to limit the powers of the federal government Members were made up of farmers, frontier settlers, small shopkeepers, and laborers. Today’s Democratic party is a descendant of this party Alexander Hamilton Strong support in New England Fearful of placing too much power in the hands of the people;tyrannical majority Favored a strong national government and believed in a loose construction of the Constitution to broaden the powers of the federal government Believed that American’s future depended upon the development of a balanced and diversified economy Well-to-do merchants, bankers, and manufacturers


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