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Policy of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment towards Sustainability Dr. Saksit Tridech Permanent Secretary Ministry of Natural Resources.

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Presentation on theme: "Policy of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment towards Sustainability Dr. Saksit Tridech Permanent Secretary Ministry of Natural Resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 Policy of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment towards Sustainability Dr. Saksit Tridech Permanent Secretary Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment 23 rd November 2009

2 Sustainable Development Source:

3 Conferences Related to Sustainable Development (UN Conference on Human Environment ) (UNCED) (WSSD) United Nations Conference on the Human environment (Stockholm, 1972) United Nations Conference on Environment and Development ( UNCED) (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) (Johannesburg, 2002)

4 Agenda 21 Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) Agenda 21 Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) Major Global Commitment related to Sustainable Development

5 Thailands Policy Framework towards Sustainability

6 Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, B.E (2007) Article 85 The State shall implement the land, natural resources, and environment policy as (5) To support, maintain and protect the quality of environment under a sustainable development, as well as to control and eliminate pollution which affect to people s health, well-being, and the quality of life of the people by allowing the people, local communities, and administrative organization to participate in formulating of the operation plan

7 Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, B.E (2007) (2) Article 290 For the purpose of promoting and maintaining the quality of the environment, a local government organization has powers and duties as provide by law. the management, preservation and exploitation of the natural resources and environment the participation in the preservation the participation in considering the initiation of any project or activity the participation of local community

8 The Government Policy 1. Urgent Policies Urgent rejuvenate the economy by introducing a short-term restoration plan covering the issues of development of natural sources of water and revival of resources. Enhance investment to stimulate the development of the country by giving priority to the development of water management with importance being attached to people participation and environmental participation

9 The Government Policy (cont.) 2.Policy on the natural resources and environment Protect and conserve forest, wildlife, geological resource, water resource, mineral resource marine and coastal resource as well as rehabilitate marine reservations systematically Protect and rehabilitate important ecological sites to preserve bio-diversity

10 The Government Policy (cont.) 2.Policy on the natural resources and environment (cont.) Put in place preventive measures such as early warning system Monitor and reduce solid waste which cause pollution in form of garbage, hazardous waste, air pollution, odor, noise pollution and water pollution by promoting environmental friendly consumption

11 The Government Policy (cont.) 2.Policy on the natural resources and environment (cont.) Develop environmental management knowledge through research and development by encouraging the participation of local community Improve environmental and natural resource management mechanisms to raise public conservation conscience and its usage through local administrative bodies, communities, stakeholder and people

12 Vision Ministry of Natural Resources and Environments Policies toward Sustainable Development Retain the abundance to natural resources while develop, support and promote the good quality of environment as the basis of the sustainable development.

13 Mission Preserve, conserve, develop and rehabilitate natural resources and the environment to ensure their sustainable use, with active participation and support of the public and all stakeholders.

14 The Important Policies Demarcation and declaration of protected forest Integrated water resources management Coastal Resources Management: Coastal Erosion Protection, Artificial coral reef Climate change Bio-diversity Apply strict law enforcement and green incentives Public awareness and participation campaigns: Green Scout

15 Forest Management

16 The Strategy 1.To balance between the conservation and the utilization of the natural resources in conformity with the sustainable development approach ; 2.To manage the sustainable and fair utilization of biodiversity; 3.To manage the water resources by integrating into watershed systems; 4.To manage and develop the natural resources and environmental quality by the participation and integration at all levels.

17 Mission towards sustainable forest management Expedite land demarcation by clearly making clear distinction between public and private land The government budget of more than 2,200 million bath has been allocated for the land demarcation process by using the GIS technology and airial photo survey.

18 Mission towards sustainable forest management Expedite the declaration of protected forest, determine areas for and promote reforestation and community forest Build stream check dams in accordance with His Majestys initiatives Suppress deforestation, particularly illegal logging and encroaching

19 Mission towards sustainable forest management Protect and conserve wildlife Promote the cultivation of commercial forest in the appropriate areas Encourage the planting of vetiver grass to prevent soil erosion Protect and rehabilitate important ecological sites to preserve bio- diversity

20 Forested watershed after rehabilitation Denuded watershed before rehabilitation SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT

21 Check Dam

22 Wildlife Conservation Thailand WILDLIFE PRESERVATION AND PROTECTION ACT [C.E. 1992] NATIONAL WILDLIFE CONSERVATION MASTER PLAN [C.E ] VISION : Conserve and develop wildlife resources include wildlife habitat to intact and consistent of ecosystem function and process by public participation to sustainable utilize of the nation

23 Principle - Landscape Mgt. by ecosystem approach and integrated in wildlife habitat. - Sustainable Utilize of the nation by nature education, research and wildlife breeding. - Participation with civil society and local people Wildlife Conservation Thailand

24 Water Resources Management

25 Water is Life Tourism Industry Navigation Energy Religion, Culture, Tradition Maintenance Drought Mitigation Health & Creation Washing Stream Nourishment Wildfire Extinction Against Salinity Intrusion Wastewater Mitigation Cultivation Livestock Aquaculture Linkage of Inland & Marine Ecology Soil Conservation Water for Ecological System Domestic Water for Agriculture Water for Production

26 Current Water Demand Environmental Conservation 12,359 mcm/yr. 18 % Industries 3,025 mcm/yr. 4.4 % Domestic Consumption 2,492 mcm/yr. 3.6 % Agriculture and Power Generation 51,935 mcm/yr. 74 %

27 Future Water Balance Expand irrigated areas to 65 million rais +increase water for consumption, tourism and industries Existing Irrigated areas plus water for Domestic consumption, tourism and industries Case 2 plus increase 10% efficiency in water use , , ,802 58,000 Storage Capacity Total Water Demand Effective capacity Water demand for Domestic Consumption, tourism and industries Usable water / 2512 / / 2515 / / 2524 / 2527 / // // / / / -/ / mcm.

28 Integrated Water Resources Management By the year 2025, Thailand will have attained sufficiency and good quality of water for consumption with systematic water resources management, organization, and laws enabling equitable and sustainable water utilization while taking into account of the peoples quality of life and participation at all levels.

29 Integrated Water Resources Management By the year 2025, Thailand will have attained sufficiency and good quality of water for consumption with systematic water resources management, organization, and laws enabling equitable and sustainable water utilization while taking into account of the peoples quality of life and participation at all levels.

30 1.Accelerate promulgation of Water Act as the framework for national water management 2.Establish water management organizations both at national and river basin levels with supportive legislation 3.Emphasize on suitable and equitable water allocation for all water use sectors 4.Formulate clear direction for raw water provision and water sources development 5.Provide and develop raw water sources for agriculture purpose 6.Develop and include water related topics in all levels of educational curriculums 7.Promote and support participation of the public, non- governmental and governmental organizations 8.Accelerate preparation of plans for flood and drought protection 9.Provide sufficient and sustainable financial support for action programs in line with the national policy National Water Policy

31 Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Cabinet National Water Resources Committee DWR Regional Offices 1-10 NRE Provincial Office Provincial WG/ Sub Basin RID Regional Offices 1-17 Irrigation Project Agriculture Technology Transfer Center District WG Sub District WG Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation Legend Supervision Coordinatio n DWR River Basin Sub Committee RID DGR Army Center 1-10 Dept. of National Disaster & Mitigation Meteorologi- cal Dept. Land Development Dept. Dept. of industrial Factory MWWA./ PWWA EGAT Supreme General Headquarter Marine Dept. Organizational Structure for National Water Resources Management DNP FD DMCR DMR PCD DEQP DAO/LAO. Committee set up by Cabinet Resolution Etc.

32 Flood Drought Waste water Water management Strategies and Measures 1.Protect and rehabilitate upstream 2.Rehabilitate water resources, waterways and wetlands 3.Develop, improve water resources, water distribution and diversion systems 4.Manage land use and prevent flooding in economic areas 5.Improve types of agriculture and use agriculture areas for storing flood water 6.Flood mitigation management 1.Increase capital water of both surface water and groundwater 2.Develop water distribution systems to reach people 3.Develop and increase water use efficiency 4.Management 1.Manage waste water from industries 2.Manage waste water from communities 3.Manage waste water from agricultural produce 4.Control saline water intrusion 5.Control groundwater contamination 1.Promote participation of local administrations and people 2.Develop tools and mechanisms for water management in river basin systems 3.Conduct studies, research to prevent or mitigate dangers from flood 4.Monitor and follow up plans 5.Improve cultivation during drought season 6. Distribute water from reservoir 7.Conduct trainings on repair of water supply systems 8.Survey conditions of water resources for consumption 9.Demonstrate and examine water quality 10.Educate people on water storage in the fields 11.Promote and campaign on water conservation

33 33 Other Natural Resources

34 34 Other Natural Resources Protect and conserve marine and coastal resources as well as rehabilitate marine reservations systematically Set up water management system for ground and underground water to meet the economic demand and consumption Set up the early warning system to help alleviate victims of natural disasters such as land slide

35 35 Other Natural Resources (cont.) Set up the early warning system to help alleviate victims of natural disasters, such as land slide, by utilizing geo-informatics to locate and warn areas with high risk Develop database

36 36 Pollution on the Environment

37 37 Policies on Pollution Monitor and reduce solid waste which cause pollution in the form of garbage, hazardous waste, air pollution, odor, noise pollution and water pollution Promoting environmental friendly consumption by recycling technology to encourage the prevention of pollution at the source of origin

38 38 Policies on Pollution Increase the capacity of local administrative organizations on communal waste disposal and waste water treatment Expedite solutions for redundant problem areas by providing incentives in the form of taxes and privileges for participating business owner in the global warming and pollution reduction campaigns

39 39 Environmental Quality Promotion

40 40 Policies on Environmental Quality Promotion Develop environmental management knowledge through research and development Encourage the private sector to contribute to natural resources conserving and environmental protecting by using the environmental friendly technology

41 41 Policies on Environmental Quality Promotion Improve environmental and natural resource management mechanisms to raise public awareness Encourage the participation of local community and scholars

42 I. Eco-School Project During , DEQP initiated a project to develop the "Eco- School Indicator Framework (ESIF)" which emphasized the principles of the Whole School Approach and the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (UN-DESD). Pilot schools will start from their existing resources including baseline data of their schools in 4 target areas of eco-school indicator framework: 1) school policy and management structure; 2) teaching and learning process; 3) environmental management within school; 4) participation of the whole school and respective community. Activities of ESD

43 II. Green Scout Project MONRE in cooperation with Ministry of Education created the Green Scout Project in accordance with an attempt to encourage the role of youth in natural resources and environment conservation. Objectives: providing knowledge and understanding about environment to boy and girl scouts across Thailand; facilitating them to build up their networks to share ideas and experiences; and encouraging them to pay their role in local environment protection.

44 The goal is to have a balanced state of happiness self sufficiency and social security for present and subsequent generation by means of recognition of the limitation of natural resources and ecological absorption capacity of pollutants. Communication and public awareness campaigns are among the priority areas. Some of the policy theme are: Increase the proportion of national income from green service sections. Strengthen capacity of society consumption towards on environmentally friendly goods and services. Promote government green procurement. Theme on Sustainable Production and Consumption (SPC)

45 The goal is to have a balanced state of happiness self sufficiency and social security for present and subsequent generation by means of recognition of the limitation of natural resources and ecological absorption capacity of pollutants. Communication and public awareness campaigns are among the priority areas. Some of the policy theme are: Increase the proportion of national income from green service sections. Strengthen capacity of society consumption towards on environmentally friendly goods and services. Promote government green procurement. Theme on Sustainable Production and Consumption (SPC)

46 Activities of SPC I. Promoting Appropriate Technology Focusing on transferring appropriate technology for environmental management within institutes, schools, mosques, and private ownerships. It aims to increase knowledge and understanding, and to encourage people participation in natural resources and environmental conservation in order to promote environmentally friendly production process.

47 II. People Participation for Sustainability Strengthening capacity of local administrative organization and promote participation process on set up the local (sub-district) strategic/action plan on natural resources and environment management. Supporting activities on conservation and protection environment following the local action plan. Activities of SPC

48 48 Other Major Policies Establish strategic environmental assessment system to assess the impact as a mechanism for long term sustainable development Fully support the Royal Initiatives on natural resources and environmental conservation projects

49 49 Other Major Policies Set up bio-diversity database to improve food security and create economic value on the basis of indigenous knowledge and local culture with equal shared benefit which takes into account the protection of biological safety.

50 50 Conclusion The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is committed to contribute to the countrys sustainable development through the rehabilitation of degraded natural resources, conservation of natural resources, protection of the environment, mitigation of the pollution and promotion of public awareness and participation.

51 Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thank you.


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