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Phenology Trail and Tribal Colleges: An introduction to collaboration LoriAnne Barnett Education Coordinator, USA-NPN.

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Presentation on theme: "Phenology Trail and Tribal Colleges: An introduction to collaboration LoriAnne Barnett Education Coordinator, USA-NPN."— Presentation transcript:

1 Phenology Trail and Tribal Colleges: An introduction to collaboration LoriAnne Barnett Education Coordinator, USA-NPN

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3 Amelanchier arborea: Serviceberry or shadbush Blooms when shad are running in rivers

4 Just to be clear.. phRenology – a pseudoscience focused on measurements of the human skull and size of the brain phOnology – a branch of linguistics concerned with the organization of sounds In language

5 Objectives Define phenology Natures Notebook and the USA National Phenology Network Phenology trails Science and collaboration Photo credit: L. Barnett

6 Phenology What is phenology? The science of the seasons Blooms and buds Hibernation, migration, emergence Easy to observe Photo credit: L. Barnett …it is the study of recurring plant and animal life-cycle stages, or phenophases, and their relationship to environmental conditions.

7 Phenology Who observes phenology? Scientists Gardeners/Agriculturists Land managers Educators Youth Photo credit: C. Enquist Photo credit: P. Warren Photo credit: S. Schaffer

8 Using nature as a guide Reproduction Development Activity ANIMAL > Mammal, Bird, Snake Flowers Fruits Leaves PLANT Observable life stages

9 Using nature as a guide Camellia spp. Photo credit: Google images Norfolk Botanical Garden

10 Objectives Define phenology Natures Notebook and the USA National Phenology Network Phenology trails Science and collaboration Photo credit: L. Barnett

11 U NDERSTAND HOW SPECIES AND LANDSCAPES ARE RESPONDING TO CLIMATE CHANGE. Primary goal Create a standardized dataset for use in multiple types of research. Mission Make phenology data, models and related information available. Encourage people of all ages and backgrounds to observe and record phenology. USA National Phenology Network Photo credit: C. Enquist

12 Natures Notebook for scientists, naturalists, volunteers, land managers, park rangers, and YOU! Photo credit: L. Romano

13 Natures Notebook Plant and animal species = 943 total 3112 observers reporting (9655 total) making 482,343 observations 1 1 As of ,440 sites

14 Natures Notebook

15 Reproduction Development Method Activity ANIMAL > Mammal, Bird, Snake, Insect Active individuals Feeding Male combat Mating Young individuals Dead individuals Individuals at a feeding station Flowers Fruits Leaves Young leaves Leaves Colored leaves Flowers or flower buds Open flowers Ripe fruits Recent seed or fruit drop PLANT PHENOPHASES

16 You MUST have your account completely set up online first to use the mobile apps! Mobile Apps for iPhone and Android

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18 Photo credit: L. Barnett

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20 Photo credit: P. Warren

21 Objectives Define phenology Natures Notebook and the USA National Phenology Network Phenology trails Science and collaboration Photo credit: L. Barnett

22 Phenology Trails What is a Phenology Trail? A phenology trail is a network of Natures Notebook observation sites. Each site has at least two plant and/or animal individuals tagged for data collection. Observations help us remember what happened, and when.

23 Phenology Trails When do white oak trees leaf out in the spring and, subsequently, lose their leaves in the fall? NASA Satellite Aerial & On-the- ground Photography Schoolyard habitats Nature Centers Refuge Biologists Volunteer Groups

24 Phenology Trails Tucson Phenology Trail Current locations Biosphere 2 UA Campus (2 sites) Sam Hughes & Rincon Heights Neighborhood Pima Extension Offices (2 sites) Tucson Botanical Garden Pima County Parks and Rec USGS Buffelgrass Project Tucson Audubon Mason Center Santa Rita Experimental Range Total of 75 Miles, start to finish 3-10 species tagged at each

25 Phenology Trails Species being monitored Jojoba Velvet mesquite Yellow paloverde Blue paloverde Ocotillo Creosote Florida hopbush Saguaro Penstemon (parryi) Texas Ranger Desert Ironwood +++ Tucson Phenology Trail

26 Objectives Define phenology Natures Notebook and the USA National Phenology Network Phenology trails Science and collaboration Photo credit: L. Barnett

27 Science and collaboration Help achieve programmatic goals Within and between organizations

28 Science and collaboration Develop your own scientific questions to answer, using Natures Notebook: What questions do you have about seasonality in your backyard? What evidence do we have that there are seasonal changes? Why? Create a list of observations youve made, plan to record them in Natures Notebook as regularly as possible for at least a year Based upon inquiry lessons in science.education.nih.gov Photo credit: L. Barnett Photo credit: P. Warren Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons

29 Science and collaboration Science questions to answer: 1.Is the monsoon season correlated with the dropping of ripe mesquite beans? 2.When is the best time to harvest mesquite beans to get the most beans per effort? 3.How far into the monsoon season is it safe to collect beans for harvest? Photo credit: P. Guertin Photo credit: P. Warren

30 Photo credit: L. Barnett Design a PHENOLOGY PROGRAM What is your science question? What outcomes do you want to achieve? What are the activities you can do? What are the resources you already have? Who would be potential partners? Long-term observations help the USA-NPN and can help local programs!

31 Science and collaboration Short term (within a year) Engage participants in collecting observations, year round, on mesquite trees Develop activities for youth and adults at sites to encourage observations of mesquite trees Medium term (within 3-4 years) Share data with participants, develop a phenology calendar for the mesquite tree Encourage participants to recruit others to collect observations Long term (5+ years) Make general recommendations for safe harvest times GOALS and OUTCOMES Help achieve programmatic goals Within and between organizations

32 Set up a site and regularly collect and enter data Create science questions Visit a partner group site and regularly collect and enter data Participate in a regional campaign Think about phenology as a lens to natural world How can I participate?

33 Join a Campaign Help researchers answer key questions Get localized results and an end of season summary Find the right campaign for your location:

34 Natures Notebook Home: More Ways To Connect Attend a Webinar REGISTER! Tuesday, March 4, 2014 – PopClock: How do I get started? What good are my observations? Tuesday, March 11, 2014 – How Natures Notebook can help you meet science and outreach goals Tuesday, April 8 th, 2014 – Botany 101: Plant parts and tricky phenophases

35 Photo credit: L. Barnett QUESTIONS?

36 Thank you! LoriAnne Barnett Youre invited to connect with USA-NPN… Sign up for a phenology e-newsletter (quarterly) Join the Natures Notebook community and become an observer: Contribute to science while having fun! Discover new tools and resources for work or play LoriAnne


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