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Tropical Savanna Presentation Created By: Hannah L, Ben P, McKenzie K and Nein C.

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Presentation on theme: "Tropical Savanna Presentation Created By: Hannah L, Ben P, McKenzie K and Nein C."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tropical Savanna Presentation Created By: Hannah L, Ben P, McKenzie K and Nein C

2 Read Between the Lions

3 Tropical Savanna

4 Features of Tropical Savanna Landscape: Rolling Grassland Scattered with Shrubs Isolated Trees Physical Characteristics Mainland Continent is Divided into Three Large Areas: (Western Plateau, Central Lowlands, and Eastern Highlands) Soil types: Lithosol Lateritic Soils Cracking Clays Red/Yellow Earths Deep Sands Alluvial Soils Peneplains Submerged in Water: A more or less level land surface produced by erosion over a long period, undisturbed by crustal movement Greywakes: The underwater avalanche River Deltas Resistant Sandstones Basalt Volcanic Lavas

5 Climate A tropical wet and dry climate predominates in areas covered by savanna growth Mean monthly temperatures: approximately 64 degrees F Annual precipitation averages: between 30 and 50 inches For at least five months of the year (during the dry season): less than 4 inches a month of precipitation are received. The dry season: associated with the low sun period

6 Seasonal Info 6 to 8 month wet summer season and a dry winter season Annual rainfall depends on the geographic location: Spans between 10 inches of rain annually to 50 inches The dry seasons are marked by months of drought and fire. (Both are essential to the maintenance of savannas) During the rainy season, birds, insects, and both large and small mammals thrive in the savanna. During the dry season, surface water from the rain is quickly absorbed into the ground because the soil is extremely porous. Competition for water during the dry season is intense. Most birds and many of the large mammals migrate during the dry season in search of water. (Because drought conditions are sometimes localized, the migration may be just to another area within the savanna)

7 Unique Feature of Biome During the dry season, lightning frequently ignites the grasses that cover the savanna *Other sources of the fire often are man made

8 Animal Adaptability Many Animals have adapted to living with the fires The ability to fly or run fast enables most birds and large mammals to escape the fire Smaller burrowing animals survive by digging beneath the soil and remaining there until the fire passes Fork-tailed Drongos have adapted by eating fleeing or burned insects

9 Plant adaptations Baobab trees can store up to 26,000 gallons to survive the harsh drought seasons The grass adapted to survive the periodic fires and dry season by developing the ability to grow faster than normal when there is adequate water

10 Animals of the Savannas Gaur- Asia Giraffe- Africa Jaguars- South America Northern Quoll-Australia Black Rhino-Africa Chimpanzee- Africa Armadillo- South America

11 Plants of the Tropical Savanna Palm Acacia Pine Savanna

12 Tourism Activities When adventuring to the Wildlife Safari, groups of warthogs, elephants, lions and grazing antelopes are present When visiting the Tribal Life, there will be glimpses of authentic nomadic life and culture centers to explore outside of the capital cities When Birding, specimen such as the marabou stork or pink flamingos can be discovered When Rafting, absorb the view of the savanna at the top of Mount Kenya or Mount Kilimanjaru

13 -grasslands -grasslands hsysflr/savannahP.html hsysflr/savannahP.html


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