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Introduction to Ayurveda Lord Dhanvantari Physician of the Gods.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Ayurveda Lord Dhanvantari Physician of the Gods."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Ayurveda Lord Dhanvantari Physician of the Gods

2 AyurvedaThe Knowledge of Life Ayus-Life Veda-Knowledge Ayurveda is the holistic medical system of India and the mother of all medical sciences including allopathic & surgery. Ayurveda differs from traditional medicine by looking to the root cause of disease and treating the whole person Body, Mind & Spirit using the 5 sense therapies, the eight limbs of yoga & lifestyle changes Hearing-Ether Touch-Air Sight-Fire Taste-Water Smell- Earth

3 Ayurveda & Yoga Ayurveda and Yoga are sister sciences documented in the Vedas 5000 years ago, both treat the Body, Mind and Spirit. Yoga treats the Spiritual and Ayurveda the physical. Ayurveda treats the disease of the body by its connection to the mind & Yoga address the stability of the mind and its identity with the soul Gita Iyengar Yogah Chitta Vrtti Nirodhah I.II Yoga is the cessation of movements in consciousness Patanjali


5 Mythology 5000 years ago on the slopes of the Himalayas the great rishis contemplated the occurrence of diseases in their community. They decided this question was for the gods and pondered on which god to approach. Brahma (the great creator) was the originator of Ayuvreda but the rishis decided to approach Indra (the beloved god of rain). The Rishis Bhardvaja was sent and received the teachings of Ayuvreda which he shared with six students, one was Agnivesa who wrote the Agnivesa Tantra, the first documentation on Ayurveda.

6 Ayurveda In Indian History 5000 BC: The Indus Valley Civilization, first discovery of a soap stone statue depicting a spiritual belief system. 3000 BC: Ayurveda and Yoga are first mentioned in the Vedas, the oldest documents of Sanskrit literature and scriptures of Hinduism. 1000 BC: The Time of the Upanishads which interpreted the philosophical aspects of the Vedas.

7 Ayurveda In Indian History 200 - 700 BC: Birth of Buddhism and the medicine Buddha, considered the great healer of the time. Patanjali wrote the Yoga Sutras, documented Sanskrit grammar and contributed to Ayurveda with the sutras. The first medical book on Ayurveda was published, the Astanga Hridayam. 700-1000: Ayurveda declined with the Muslim invasion which translated Ayurveda to Unani medicines. 1200-1300: The Caraka Samhita was published, the most complete text on Ayurveda including pulse diagnosis, herbology and surgery. 1858-1947: British occupation, Ayurvedic schools were closed, western medicine prevailed, Britain left India in 1947. Present: Ayurvedic schools in India currently teach both Ayurveda and western medicine.

8 Indian Belief Systems Four Main Religions Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism Six Philosophies Sankhya, Yoga, Vedanta, Vaisheshika, Nyaya and Mimasa Seven Yoga Systems Bhakti – Yoga of Devotion Karma – Yoga of Action Jnana – Yoga of Intelligence Raja – Yoga of the Mind Patanjali-Royal Yoga Hatha – Yoga of Will Kundalini – Meditative Spiritual Science Tantra – Yoga of Shakti & Shiva

9 Sankhya PhilosophyThat which explains the whole Purusha -Pure Consciousness Prakruti - Matter, Sun & Moon Mahat - Universal Intelligence Buddhi - The Intellect Ahamkara - Ego Mental Gunas: Sattva- Purity Rajas- Energy Tamas- Darkness Five Senses: Hearing- Either Touch- Air Sight- Fire Taste- Water Smell- Earth

10 Health & Disease What is Health? Defined as Svastha: established in the Self. Perfect health is balance of the higher self (Spirit-God) and the lower self (Physical-Ego). What is Disease? Disease is defined as forgettingOur True Nature Is Spirit The Three Causes of Disease: 1. Misuse of the senses, unhealthy connection with objects of desire. 2. Failure of the intellect to listen to ourTrue Nature as Spirit. 3. Time & Motion bring transformation and decay.

11 How is Ayurveda Understood Ether Space & Connectiveness (No Movement) Air Movement Fire Transformation & Metabolism Water Fluidity Earth Stability (No Movement) The Five Elements

12 The Physical Gunas The 10 Opposite Qualities Found In Our Environment Hot / ColdDense / Flowing Wet / DrySoft / Hard Heavy / LightDull / Sharp Mobile / StableSmooth / Rough Gross / SubtleCloudy / Clear

13 Elements & Guna Breakdown EtherCold, Dry, Light & Stable AirCool, Dry, Light & Mobile FireHot, Wet (Slightly), Light & Mobile WaterCold, Wet, Heavy & Mobile EarthCold, Dry, Heavy & Stable

14 The Doshas Defined as: Faults, Energies, Disease or Movements VataPittaKapha QualitiesMovementTransformation Metabolism Structure Lubrication ElementsAir & EitherFire & WaterEarth & Water GunasCold, Dry, Light & Mobile Hot, Wet (Slightly), Light, & Mobile Cold, Wet, Heavy, Stable

15 Constitution Prakruti - Vikruti Prakruti is the inherent balance of the 3 Doshas, which are determined at conception and understood by long term physical, mental, emotional & spiritual characteristics. The Doshas are constantly changing & adjusting depending on seasons, weather, what we ingest, and our emotional, mental and spiritual conditions. Our current state of health is known as Vikruti and is determined by evaluating short-term symptoms, tendencies & characteristics.

16 VATA THAT WHICH MOVES THINGS ELEMENTS; Air & Either QUALITIES; Cold, Dry, Light, Mobile CharacteristicsWhen Out of Balance Thin, Delicate, Small Features, Long Bones, Curly & Fine Hair, Dry Skin, Variable Appetite Gas, Constipation, Dryness, Coldness, Insomnia, Nervous, Indecisive, Inconsistent When in BalanceDrives Out of Balance Vibrant, Enthusiastic, Creative, Inspiring, Spiritual, Artistic Stimulants, Dry, Light, Mobile & Cold Qualities, Fatigue, Irregularity

17 PITTA THAT WHICH DIGESTS OR TRANSFORMS ELEMENTS; Fire & Water QUALITIES; Hot, Light, Wet (Oily), Mobile CharacteristicsWhen Out of Balance Medium Build, Rosy Skin, Feels Warm, Intense, Goal Orientated, Strong Appetite and Digestion Heartburn, Acid Reflux, Rashes, Diarrhea, Anger, Critical, Controlling, Opinionated, Blaming, Vindictive, Jealous When in BalanceDrives Out of Balance Focused, Passionate, Friendly, Clear Vision, Organized, Completes Projects Hot, Spicy, Fried Foods, Alcohol, Stimulants, Insomnia, Perfectionism, Overscheduling

18 KAPHA THAT WHICH LUBRICATES AND PROTECTS ELEMENTS; Water & Earth QUALITIES; Wet, Heavy, Cold, Stable CharacteristicsWhen Out of Balance Stocky, Muscular, Short Neck, Large Bones, Big Round Features, Thick, Pale, Gentle & Slow Pace Mucousy, Excessive Weight, Diabetes, High Cholesterol, Inflexible, Stubborn, Depression When in BalanceDrives Out of Balance Calm, Patient, Kind, Unconditionally Loving, Compassionate, Devoted Dependable & Reliable Heavy, Cold, Sweet, Oily & Bland Foods, Over Eating & Sleeping, Inactivity & Laziness

19 How Do We Get Out of Balance Forgetting our true nature as Spirit What we ingest: Food, Beverages & Medicines What we come into contact with: Seasons & Weather Emotion, Mental & Spiritual disharmony

20 Three Seasons of Ayurveda SeasonMonthsGunasIn BalanceOut of Balance WinterNovember December January February Cold Wet PittaKapha SpringMarch April May June Warm Dry KaphaVata SummerJuly August September October Hot Dry VataPitta

21 The Mental Gunas Explain our Spiritual, Emotional & Mental Condition VataPittaKapha Sattvic Clarity, Purity & Positiveness Enthusiastic, Spiritual, Artistic, Creative Clear, Perceptive, Focused, Organized Loving, Faithful, Stable, Nurturing & Compassionate Rajasic Distraction, Turbulence & Movement Fearful, Worried, Anxious, Nervous & Indecisive Angry, Resentful, Critical, Dominating, Judgmental & Critical Materialistic, Overly Attached & Stubborn Tamasic Darkness, Heaviness & Dullness Self-Destructive, Addictive, Paranoid & Unstable Violent, Vindictive & Hateful Lazy, Depressed, Manipulative & Thievish

22 How Do We Achieve Balance Ayurvedic Pyramid of Health Evaluation, Pancha Karma & Bliss Therapies Food-Spices & Herbology Daily Routines, Self Abhyanga, Sleep & Sattvic Practices Yoga & Meditation Pranayama Color Gems Mantras Aroma

23 The Six Tastes TasteGunasFoodsDosha/Best Sweet Cool, Moist, Heavy Rice, Grains, Meats, Dairy, Root Vegetables, Fruits & Berries Vata Pitta SourHot, Moist, Heavy Fermented Foods, Vinegar, Alcohol, Citrus, Tomato & Yogurt Vata Salty Warm, Moist, Heavy Hard Cheese, Seafood, Olives, Seaweeds, Miso & Soy Sauce Vata Bitter Cool, Dry, Light Coffee, Unsweetened Chocolate, Leafy Greens & Dandelion Pitta Astringent Cool, Dry, Light/Heavy Tea, Dry Cereal, Crackers, Pasta, Beans, Cabbage & Cranberry Pitta Kapha Pungent Hot, Dry, Light Spicy Foods, Chili Peppers, Ginger, Garlic, Wasabi & Mustard Kapha

24 Five Sense Therapies Sight Fire Color Smell Earth Aromatherapy Hearing Either Sound/Mantra/Meditation Taste Water Food/Herbology/Spices Touch Air Massage/Bliss Therapies/ Gemology/Yoga/ Marma

25 Ayurvedic Cleansing Pancha Karma Purification, Tonification and Rejuvenation Therapies

26 Five Main Religions Hinduism: The predominant religion referred to as "The Eternal Law which includes Yogic traditions and daily moralities based on the notion of Karma. Jainism: Dharmic religion that follows a path of non-violence for all living thins, philosophy and practice relies on self-effort in progressing the soul towards God consciousness. Buddhism: Based on the teachings of "The Buddha" the Awakened One and is comprised of the 4 noble truths, karma and the cycle of rebirth. Sikhism: Founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev in 15th century, and follows a path of devotion, truthful living, equality of mankind while denouncing superstitions and blind rituals. Ayyavazhi: Dharmic belief system that originated in South India in the 19th century, based in Hinduism but believing in one god.

27 Seven Yogic Systems Bhakti: Yoga of Devotion, practitioner shares his love & adornment and emphasises devotion above ritual. Karma: Adherence to duty, detached from reward. Karma is the universal principle of cause and effect. Jnana: Yoga of intelligence and is focused on wisdom or discernment. Jnana yoga is considered the path of wisdom. Raja: Raja means royal and is considered the yoga of the mind as described in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Hatha: Yoga of will and is the preparatory stage of physical purification and has the same principles as the Raja Yoga. Kundalini: Kundalini or Kriya is a pure spiritual science that leads to enlightenment and God-realization. Tantra: Regarded as the divine play of Shakti and Shiva and aims at liberation from ignorance and rebirth.

28 Six Indian Philosophies Sankhya: Means, "That Which Explains The Whole, addresses Cosmology, the journey of consciousness to matter. Vedanta: Singular belief system that practices a contemplative method of self-inquiry leading to the realization. Vaisheshika: Emphasizes physical science as it relates to nine substances of earth: earth, water, fire, air, either, time, space, soul and the mind. Nyaya: Emphasis logic and the processes of reasoning, doubt is considered a prerequisite for philosophical inquiry. Mimasa: Philosophy related to action, ritual, worship and ethical conduct, which develops Karma. Yoga: Described in the Yoga Sutras, involves witnessing inner states & consciousness, often-called Sankhya-Yoga.

29 IngredientRasaViryaVipakaDoshaActions LicoriceSweet / BitterCoolSweetVP-K+Demulcent, expectorant, tonic, laxative Black PepperPungentHotPungentKV-P+Stimulant, expectorant, carminative CardamomPungent / SweetHotPungentVK-P+Stimulant, carminative, expectorant CinnamonPungent / Sweet / Astringent HotPungentKV-P+Stimulant, diaphoretic, alterative ClovePungentHotPungentVK-P+Stimulant, carminative, Aphrodisiac, expectorant Star AnisePungentHotPungentVK-P+Stimulant, carminative GingerPungent / SweetHotPungentVK-P+Stimulant, diaphoretic, expectorant, carminative NutmegPungentHotPungentVK-P+Sedative, nervine, astringent, carminative Almond-Cow Milk SweetCoolSweetVP-K+ Agave / MapleSweetCoolSweetVP-K+ HoneySweet / Pungent / Astringent HotSweetVK-P+ Jeffs Chai Tea Energetics

30 Ayurveda The Knowledge of Life Ayus-Life Veda-Knowledge Ayurveda is the holistic medical system of India originating 5000 years ago and is the mother of all medical sciences including allopathic & surgery. Ayurveda differs from traditional medicine by looking to the root cause of disease and treating the whole person Body, Mind & Spirit and not just the symptoms. Ayurveda achieves balance and health by using the 5 sense therapies.

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