Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Ayurveda"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Ayurveda Lord Dhanvantari“Physician of the Gods”
2 Ayurveda “The Knowledge of Life” Ayus-Life Veda-Knowledge Ayurveda is the holistic medical system of India and the mother of all medical sciences including allopathic & surgery. Ayurveda differs from traditional medicine by looking to the root cause of disease and treating the whole person “Body, Mind & Spirit ” using the 5 sense therapies, the eight limbs of yoga & lifestyle changes Hearing-Ether Touch-Air Sight-Fire Taste-Water Smell- Earth
3 Ayurveda & Yoga Yogah Chitta Vrtti Nirodhah I.II Ayurveda and Yoga are sister sciences documented in the Vedas 5000 years ago, both treat the Body, Mind and Spirit. Yoga treats the Spiritual and Ayurveda the physical. “Ayurveda treats the disease of the body by its connection to the mind & Yoga address the stability of the mind and its identity with the soul” Gita IyengarPatanjaliYogah Chitta Vrtti Nirodhah I.IIYoga is the cessation of movements in consciousness
5 Mythology5000 years ago on the slopes of the Himalayas the great rishis contemplated the occurrence of diseases in their community. They decided this question was for the gods and pondered on which god to approach. Brahma (the great creator) was the originator of Ayuvreda but the rishis decided to approach Indra (the beloved god of rain). The Rishis Bhardvaja was sent and received the teachings of Ayuvreda which he shared with sixstudents, one was Agnivesa who wrote the Agnivesa Tantra, the first documentation on Ayurveda.
6 Ayurveda In Indian History 5000 BC: The Indus Valley Civilization, first discovery of a soap stone statue depicting a spiritual belief system BC: Ayurveda and Yoga are first mentioned in the Vedas, the oldest documents of Sanskrit literature and scriptures of Hinduism BC: The Time of the Upanishads which interpreted the philosophical aspects of the Vedas.
7 Ayurveda In Indian History BC: Birth of Buddhism and the medicine Buddha, considered the great healer of the time.Patanjali wrote the Yoga Sutras, documented Sanskrit grammar and contributed to Ayurveda with the sutras. The first medical book on Ayurveda was published, the “Astanga Hridayam”.: Ayurveda declined with the Muslim invasion which translated Ayurveda to Unani medicines.: The “Caraka Samhita” was published, the most complete text on Ayurveda including pulse diagnosis, herbology and surgery.: British occupation, Ayurvedic schools were closed, western medicine prevailed, Britain left India in 1947.Present: Ayurvedic schools in India currently teach both Ayurveda and western medicine.
8 Indian Belief SystemsFour Main Religions Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism Six Philosophies Sankhya, Yoga, Vedanta, Vaisheshika, Nyaya and Mimasa Seven Yoga Systems Bhakti – Yoga of Devotion Karma – Yoga of Action Jnana – Yoga of Intelligence Raja – Yoga of the Mind “Patanjali-Royal Yoga” Hatha – Yoga of Will Kundalini – Meditative Spiritual Science Tantra – Yoga of Shakti & Shiva
9 Sankhya Philosophy “”That which explains the whole” Purusha-Pure ConsciousnessPrakruti- Matter, Sun & MoonMahat- Universal IntelligenceBuddhi- The IntellectAhamkara- EgoMental Gunas:Sattva- PurityRajas- EnergyTamas- DarknessFive Senses:Hearing- EitherTouch- AirSight- FireTaste- WaterSmell- Earth
10 Health & Disease What is Health? What is Disease? Defined as Svastha: established in the Self. Perfect health is balance of the higher self (Spirit-God) and the lower self (Physical-Ego).What is Disease?Disease is defined as forgetting “Our True Nature Is Spirit” The Three Causes of Disease:1. Misuse of the senses, unhealthy connection with objects of desire.2. Failure of the intellect to listen to our “True Nature as Spirit”.3. Time & Motion bring transformation and decay.
11 How is Ayurveda Understood The Five ElementsEtherSpace & Connectiveness(No Movement)AirMovementFireTransformation & MetabolismWaterFluidityEarthStability
12 The Physical Gunas The 10 Opposite Qualities Found In Our Environment Hot / ColdDense / FlowingWet / DrySoft / HardHeavy / LightDull / SharpMobile / StableSmooth / RoughGross / SubtleCloudy / Clear
13 Elements & Guna Breakdown EtherCold, Dry, Light & StableAirCool, Dry, Light & MobileFireHot, Wet (Slightly), Light & MobileWaterCold, Wet, Heavy & MobileEarthCold, Dry, Heavy & Stable
14 The Doshas Defined as: Faults, Energies, Disease or Movements VataPittaKaphaQualitiesMovementTransformationMetabolismStructureLubricationElementsAir & EitherFire & WaterEarth & WaterGunasCold, Dry, Light & MobileHot, Wet (Slightly), Light, & MobileCold, Wet, Heavy, Stable
15 Constitution Prakruti - Vikruti Prakruti is the inherent balance of the 3 Doshas, which are determined at conception and understood by long term physical, mental, emotional & spiritual characteristics.The Doshas are constantly changing & adjusting dependingon seasons, weather, what we ingest, and our emotional, mentaland spiritual conditions.Our current state of health is known as Vikruti and is determined by evaluating short-term symptoms, tendencies & characteristics.
16 Characteristics When Out of Balance When in Balance VATA “THAT WHICH MOVES THINGS” ELEMENTS; Air & Either QUALITIES; Cold, Dry, Light, MobileCharacteristicsWhen Out of BalanceThin, Delicate, Small Features, Long Bones, Curly & Fine Hair, Dry Skin, Variable AppetiteGas, Constipation,Dryness, Coldness,Insomnia, Nervous, Indecisive, InconsistentWhen in BalanceDrives Out of BalanceVibrant, Enthusiastic, Creative, Inspiring,Spiritual, ArtisticStimulants, Dry, Light, Mobile & Cold Qualities, Fatigue, Irregularity
17 PITTA “THAT WHICH DIGESTS OR TRANSFORMS” ELEMENTS; Fire & Water QUALITIES; Hot, Light, Wet (Oily), MobileCharacteristicsWhen Out of BalanceMedium Build, Rosy Skin, Feels Warm, Intense,Goal Orientated, Strong Appetite and DigestionHeartburn, Acid Reflux,Rashes, Diarrhea, Anger, Critical, Controlling, Opinionated, Blaming, Vindictive, JealousWhen in BalanceDrives Out of BalanceFocused, Passionate, Friendly,Clear Vision, Organized, Completes ProjectsHot, Spicy, Fried Foods, Alcohol, Stimulants, Insomnia, Perfectionism, Overscheduling
18 Characteristics When Out of Balance When in Balance KAPHA “THAT WHICH LUBRICATES AND PROTECTS” ELEMENTS; Water & Earth QUALITIES; Wet, Heavy, Cold, StableCharacteristicsWhen Out of BalanceStocky, Muscular, Short Neck, Large Bones, Big Round Features, Thick, Pale, Gentle & Slow PaceMucousy, Excessive Weight, Diabetes, High Cholesterol, Inflexible, Stubborn, DepressionWhen in BalanceDrives Out of BalanceCalm, Patient, Kind, Unconditionally Loving, Compassionate, Devoted Dependable & ReliableHeavy, Cold, Sweet, Oily & Bland Foods, Over Eating & Sleeping, Inactivity & Laziness
19 How Do We Get Out of Balance Forgetting our true nature as Spirit What we ingest: Food, Beverages & Medicines What we come into contact with: Seasons & Weather Emotion, Mental & Spiritual disharmony
20 Three Seasons of Ayurveda MonthsGunasIn BalanceOut of BalanceWinterNovemberDecemberJanuaryFebruaryColdWetPittaKaphaSpringMarchAprilMayJuneWarmDryVataSummerJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberHot
24 Five Sense Therapies Sight “Fire” Smell “Earth” Aromatherapy ColorSmell “Earth”AromatherapyHearing “Either”Sound/Mantra/MeditationTaste “Water”Food/Herbology/SpicesTouch “Air”Massage/Bliss Therapies/Gemology/Yoga/ Marma
25 Stage III - Rejuvenation Ayurvedic Cleansing “Pancha Karma” Purification, Tonification and Rejuvenation TherapiesStage I - Preparation“Purva Karma”DietOleationInternal – Ghee & OilsExternal – AbhyangaFomentation – HeatStage II - Main Actions“Pradham Karma”Vamana – Respiratory CleansingVirechana – PurgationBasti – Herbal EnemaNasya – Medicated NasalRakta Mokshana – Blood CleansingStage III - Rejuvenation“Praschat Karma”Re-introduction of regular diet& introduction of Sattvic practices
26 Five “Main” ReligionsHinduism: The predominant religion referred to as "The Eternal Law” which includes Yogic traditions and daily moralities based on the notion of Karma. Jainism: Dharmic religion that follows a path of non-violence for all living thins, philosophy and practice relies on self-effort in progressing the soul towards God consciousness. Buddhism: Based on the teachings of "The Buddha" the Awakened One” and is comprised of the 4 noble truths, karma and the cycle of rebirth. Sikhism: Founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev in 15th century, and follows a path of devotion, truthful living, equality of mankind while denouncing superstitions and blind rituals. Ayyavazhi: Dharmic belief system that originated in South India in the 19th century, based in Hinduism but believing in one god.
27 Seven Yogic SystemsBhakti: Yoga of Devotion, practitioner shares his love & adornment and emphasises devotion above ritual. Karma: Adherence to duty, detached from reward. Karma is the universal principle of cause and effect. Jnana: Yoga of intelligence and is focused on wisdom or discernment. Jnana yoga is considered the path of wisdom. Raja: Raja means royal and is considered the yoga of the mind as described in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Hatha: Yoga of will and is the preparatory stage of physical purification and has the same principles as the Raja Yoga. Kundalini: Kundalini or Kriya is a pure spiritual science that leads to enlightenment and God-realization. Tantra: Regarded as the divine play of Shakti and Shiva and aims at liberation from ignorance and rebirth.
28 Six Indian Philosophies Sankhya: Means, "That Which Explains The Whole”, addresses Cosmology, the journey of consciousness to matter.Vedanta: Singular belief system that practices a contemplative method of self-inquiry leading to the realization.Vaisheshika: Emphasizes physical science as it relates to nine substances of earth: earth, water, fire, air, either, time, space, soul and the mind.Nyaya: Emphasis logic and the processes of reasoning, doubt is considered a prerequisite for philosophical inquiry.Mimasa: Philosophy related to action, ritual, worship and ethical conduct, which develops Karma.Yoga: Described in the Yoga Sutras, involves witnessing inner states & consciousness, often-called Sankhya-Yoga.
30 Ayurveda The Knowledge of Life Ayus-Life Veda-Knowledge Ayurveda is the holistic medical system of India originating 5000 years ago and is the mother of all medical sciences including allopathic & surgery. Ayurveda differs from traditional medicine by looking to the root cause of disease and treating the whole person “Body, Mind & Spirit” and not just the symptoms. Ayurveda achieves balance and health by using the 5 sense therapies.