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Improved CanSIPS Initialization from Offline CLASS Simulation and Data Assimilation Aaron Berg CanSISE Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "Improved CanSIPS Initialization from Offline CLASS Simulation and Data Assimilation Aaron Berg CanSISE Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 Improved CanSIPS Initialization from Offline CLASS Simulation and Data Assimilation Aaron Berg CanSISE Workshop

2 Contribution area: A2.2: Improving CanSIPS snow/land surface initialization Contributors: Aaron Berg, William Merryfield, Stephane Belair, Marco Carrera

3 Initialization of hydrological stocks (snow, soil moisture) in Land Surface Models Over large scales estimates of the initial hydrological state must be model derived This requires forcing data (i.e. radiation, precipitation) of both high spatial and temporal resolution (3-hourly) Much of the needed observations are not presently available except in re-analysis products, however reanalysis have bias

4 Absolute differences of the mean annual precipitation (mm/day1) from 1989 to 2006 between GPCC and (a) CRU, (b) CPC, (c) ERA -Interim, (d) MERRA (Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications), and (e) CFSR (Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (Lorenz and Kunstmann 2012).

5 …the performance of all three reanalyses in reproducing the hydrological cycle still causes doubts in the use of such models for climate trend analyses and long-term water budget studies. Lorenz and Kunstmann, 2012 Differences in the annual mean temperatures at 2 m between (a) ERA-Interim, (b) MERRA, and (c) CFSR and CRU (Lorenz and Kunstmann 2012)

6 Development of Forcing Products for Offline Simulation of Initial Hydrological State Bias corrected forcing data set created (Alavi et al. 2011), could be updated to near present Run land surface model (CLASS) to generate offline initialization of land surface hydrology Offline initialization scaled to climatology of CanSIPS

7 Using the bias corrected forcing we have made global estimates of the soil moisture state (e.g. Alavi et al. 2011) We have compared the global soil moisture product to satellite soil moisture observations from AMSR-E (Alavi et al. 2011)

8 Assessment of land surface hydrology (soil moisture) initialization impacts on retrospective seasonal climate prediction in CanSIPS using GLACE-2 approach (Koster et al. 2011) Initialized CanCM3 with realistic land surface hydrology Perform Ensembles of retrospective seasonal climate forecasts Evaluate forecasts with observations Series 1 Initialized CanCM3 with scrambled land surface hydrology Series 2 Perform Ensembles of retrospective seasonal climate forecasts Evaluate forecasts with observations Skill assessment is difference (series 1 – series 2) in the square of anomaly correlation coefficient with statistical significance (to account for field significance) assessed using a Monte Carlo approach

9 Improvements to long- lead temperature forecasts in the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis General Circulation model (CanCM3) used for seasonal weather prediction when soil moisture is properly initialized Drewitt et al. 2012

10 Research Tasks: Assessment of Forcing Products Used for Initialization of CanSIPS Survey of available products suitable for operational initialization in CanSIPS – Ideally an offline initialization product will be globally available with limited lag time – Use of Reanalysis may not be appropriate? – Evaluate current method of Alavi et al. (2011) with forcing and data sets from CaLDAS, GLDAS and Reanalysis (MERRA, ERA) for accuracy of cold season processes within stand-alone CLASS – identification of appropriate offline forcing data for initialization of CanSIPS – Offline initialization scaling to climatology of CanSIPS

11 Assessment of Hydrological Processes in CLASS Assessment of land surface hydrology realism in CLASS (Snow cover, SWE, soil moisture) Assessment of the relationships of SWE anomalies to soil moisture anomalies (as soil moisture anomalies are long lived and have well established connection to land/atmosphere coupling) Few locations to study these processes at representative scales

12 Networks sensors are at only one location Instrumented for soil moisture, soil freeze thaw, eddy flux tower for meteorological variables Snow surveys (several years) Collaborators: Brenda Toth (EC); Jessika LHeureux (AAFC) Warren Helgason (Usask) HQP (U Guelph) Travis Burns (MSc. 0.5) Brightwater Creek Watershed (Saskatchewan Canada) Collaboration with CCRN network

13 Stream Gauge effective basin area flux tower soil moisture grid Guelph station

14 Instrumented for soil moisture, soil freeze thaw, eddy flux tower for meteorological variables Snow surveys (several years) Collaborators: Bill Quinton (WLU) HQP (U Guelph) Rebecca Warren (MSc. 0.25) Scotty Creek Watershed (NWT Canada) Collaboration with CCRN network Soil moisture site Chasmer et al. 2013

15 Summary PDF to begin January and to evaluate the offline initialization process in CLASS for CanSIPS Ongoing work (observation and modelling) at two observatories where we can use this data to assess CLASS realism


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