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Indicators for Performance and Impact Headline Indicators Peter Roberts Lead Specialist World Bank Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria June, 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Indicators for Performance and Impact Headline Indicators Peter Roberts Lead Specialist World Bank Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria June, 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Indicators for Performance and Impact Headline Indicators Peter Roberts Lead Specialist World Bank Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria June, 2006

2 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria2 Headline indicators for the Transport Sector

3 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria3 Transport headline indicators Rural access proportion of the rural population within 2 km of an all-season road Urban mobility Mean time for the journey to work (urban households) Road condition Condition of main road network (% of network in good and fair condition) Trade logistics Composite index comprising: inventory, transit, customs, handling (time + cost) Modal share Balance between main sub-sectors for: passengers, freight, finance. Key Diagnostics being developed

4 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria4 Transport impact Usual transport indicators, such as: Infrastructure quantity - Road Length quality - % Paved - % Good/Fair Can be targeted geographically – but not readily by population characteristics A conceptual shift relates the user to key aspects of the transport service: Accessibility of the service Utilisation of and expenditure on the service Enables analysis of impact on household behaviour design and monitoring to reduce poverty / inequality

5 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria5 Transport headline indicators Rural access proportion of the rural population within 2 km of an all-season road Urban mobility Mean time for the journey to work (urban households) Key Indicators being developed to complement Rural Access UN Habitat GTZ Global Urban Expansion study Japan consultancy trust fund World Resources Institute Union Internationale des Transports Publiques

6 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria6 Urban Mobility Index Complement to the Rural Access Index Also best estimated through representative household surveys Proportion of the urban households which access the main employment within two hours (both ways) Current values are from a data set developed by UN Habitat for 1998 In the short-term a new data set depends cooperation with Habitat, UITP, GTZ and others

7 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria7 Transport headline indicators Rural access proportion of the rural population within 2 km of an all-season road Urban mobility Mean time for the journey to work (urban households) Road condition Condition of main road network (% of network in good and fair condition) Key Indicators being developed to complement Rural Access Japan MLIT International Road Federation

8 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria8

9 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria9 Transport headline indicators Rural access proportion of the rural population within 2 km of an all-season road Urban mobility Mean time for the journey to work (urban households) Road condition Condition of main road network (% of network in good and fair condition) Trade logistics Composite index comprising: inventory, transit, customs, handling (time + cost) Key Indicators being developed to complement Rural Access International Customs Union Port statistics Freight transit

10 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria10 Trade Logistics Index Object is to gauge the contribution of transport to national trade competitiveness Composite proposed to combine: –Inventory holding (value and duration) –Inland transport (cost and time) –Clearance formalities (cost and duration) –Port handling (cost and time) Each including financial and time costs Detailed data is proving difficult to measure

11 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria11 Transport headline indicators Rural access proportion of the rural population within 2 km of an all-season road Urban mobility Mean time for the journey to work (urban households) Road condition Condition of main road network (% of network in good and fair condition) Trade logistics Composite index comprising: inventory, transit, customs, handling (time + cost) Modal share Balance between main sub-sectors for: passengers, freight, finance. Key Indicators being developed to complement Rural Access

12 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria12 Modal Share Proportions of national transport carried by the main modes: –Road transport –Railways –Water transport Shares carried by main modes: –passenger travel (person/km) –freight haulage (mass, volume, value)

13 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria13 China: Passenger transport mode

14 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria14 China: Passenger transport mode

15 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria15 China: Freight transport mode

16 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria16 China: Freight transport mode

17 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria17 Headline transport indicator: Focus on Rural Access

18 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria18 Rural Access Index - history Apr 03: IDA group requests Infrastructure indicators Sep 03: Rural Access Index agreed in principle –proportion of the rural population within 2 km of an all-season road Apr 04: Rural Access measured for 30 IDA countries –representing more than 80% of IDA rural population Jul 04: pilot time/distance survey completed (in Albania) Oct 04: Rural Access Index adopted for IDA-14 Results Measurement System Jul 05: IDA-14 is initiated Aug 05: time/distance survey completed (in Tanzania) Challenge is to extend the measure to further countries by establishing routine inclusion in household surveys

19 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria19 Rural Access Index - Africa Benin 32% Burkina Faso 25 Burundi 19 Cameroon 20 Chad 5 Congo DR 26 Ethiopia 17 Ghana 44 Gambia 77 Guinea 22% Kenya 44 Madagascar 25 Malawi 38 Niger 37 Nigeria (8 States) 47 Tanzania 38 - all subject to confirmation wish to work with partners to sustain / update this indicator. are ready to discuss how the indicator can be established for countries which do not yet have it

20 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria20 Rural Access Index - Asia Azerbaijan 67% Bangladesh 37 Cambodia 87 India 69 Indonesia 94 Laos PDR 59 Mongolia 36 Nepal 15% Pakistan 77 Papua New Guinea 68 Tajikistan 38 Uzbekistan 57 Vietnam 76 Yemen, Rep all subject to confirmation Client partners need to sustain / update this indicator. Advice is available on how the indicator can be established for countries which do not yet have it

21 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria21 Rural Access Index: IDA values

22 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria22 Transport in household surveys Access – basic challenges for IDA-14 –time / distance perceptions and relationships –initial measures in more IDA countries –establish in-country ownership –link to access to affordable transport service Transport module – complement LSMS etc –time budget data in addition to expenditure Integrated module for infrastructure services

23 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria23 Rural Access: Regional Values

24 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria24 Using transport indicators to guide and implement policy

25 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria25 Global/Regional policy Applying Headline Indices: achieving the Millennium Development Goals: –Reducing poverty and hunger –Health and education outcomes –Gender equality –Environmental improvement linking Transport outcomes to other key targets: –Rural Access and Emergency Transport –Urban Mobility –Transport Cost and Modal Share –Quality of key Infrastructure

26 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria26 Transport Targets for MDGs MDGTargets MDG 1 Eradication of extreme poverty and hunger Rural Access to inputs and markets, and generation of employment opportunities, improved by halving the proportion of rural population living beyond 2 km of an all- season road The difference in average Transport Cost between Africa and Asia narrowed down by 50% MDG Unival primary education & gender equality Rural Access and Urban Mobility improved to eliminate constraints on the time which all children have to participate in education and to enable effective education to be delivered and reached safely MDG Child Health and Maternal Mortality Rural Access and Urban Mobility improved for reliable supply of inputs to health facilities, to provide affordable access for all households and to enable cost effective outreach health Source: Africa: Transport and the Millennium Development Goals: April, 2005

27 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria27 National policy – rural access Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy: –Reduction of rural transport constraints is a key National objective requiring some Provinces to act Vietnam Living Standards Survey: –Rural Access Indicator can be updated biennially State grants on the basis of need for Provinces to contribute to CPRGS –Allocations considered on the basis of Poverty Rate, Population and lack of Rural Access

28 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria28 Targeting poverty in Vietnam Sub- national dis- aggregated data can help to target national resources

29 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria29 Provincial allocation – rural access alloc = b + f n (poverty rate). (population). (lack of access)

30 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria30 Africa Region: Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Programme

31 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria31

32 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria32

33 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria33

34 June 2006Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria34 Information is on WB web page: Home > Topics in Development > Transport >Social Responsibility >Transport and Health Home > Topics in Development > Transport > Transport Results to be updated on CD log on!


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