Presentation on theme: "Teacher Notes Globes and light sources should be used to have students model seasons, phases of the moon, and eclipses. Recommended Strategy - The four."— Presentation transcript:
1Teacher NotesGlobes and light sources should be used to have students model seasons, phases of the moon, and eclipses.Recommended Strategy - The four part activity in the student packet may be completed as a Gallery Walk
21. Caleb’s class is studying the Earth/Sun/Moon system 1. Caleb’s class is studying the Earth/Sun/Moon system. He studies the diagram of Earth and the sun shown below.Which season is the northern hemisphere experiencing when Earth and sun are in these positions?A fallB winterC springD summer2. Maxine’s class is studying the Earth/Sun/Moon system. She studies the illustration of the moon, sun, and Earth shown below.At which stage is a solar eclipse possible?A 1B 2C 3D 4
3How do the Sun, Moon, and Earth interact to create different observable features from the Earth?
5What causes seasons? BrainPop Video We know that the reason we have day and night is because the Earthrotates.
6SeasonsLook at this diagram. Notice how the Earth is always tilted in the same direction. As the Earth , the part of Earth tilted toward the sun changes.revolves
7During what seasons is the North Pole tiled towards the sun? Why? summer
8During what seasons it the North Pole pointing away from the sun During what seasons it the North Pole pointing away from the sun? Explain.winter
9How do tides change from high tide to low tide? Two big bulges of water form on the Earth:one directly under the moonanother on the exact opposite sideAs the Earth spins, the bulges follow the moon.
10Gravitational Effect of the Sun Neap TidesEarth, Moon, and Sun form right anglesHigh Tides are lower and Low Tides are higher than normalSpring TidesEarth, Moon, and Sun are lined upHigh Tides are higher and Low Tides are lower than normal
11Solar Eclipses How do Eclipses differ from Phases of the moon? When the Moon’s shadow covers part of the EarthOnly happens at New MoonDiagram from Fred Espenak, may be found along with lots of good information at
12Here is an animation showing a total solar eclipse
14This is an animation showing a total lunar eclipse from start to finish.
15Using a diagram of the Earth, Moon, and Sun, how can you determine the phase of the moon? The moon looks different throughout the month. Sketch a diagram of the Earth, Moon, and Sun that demonstrates how these phases occur. Next, we will test these diagrams.Images fromIn some states, young elementary students may be required in their science standards to observe the changing patterns in the Moon’s appearance. Making observations part of the classroom assignments is a fundamental part of this; the students can bring in drawings of the Moon’s appearance on paper or on paper plates, and they can be placed on the wall over a period of 1-2 months. Students can also make phases out of Oreo cookies.
16Phases - CausesWhen the sunlight reflects off the Moon’s far side, we call it a New MoonWhen the sunlight reflects off on the Moon’s near side, we call it a Full MoonBetween New and Full, we see parts of the daytime side of the Moon.It is not appropriate for very young students to try to master the reason for phases; they often do not have the ability to imagine the three-dimensional nature of this. Many adults have fundamental misconceptions regarding the reason for the Moon’s phases.We conduct an activity with golfballs and blacklights in our workshop here, allowing participants to see “phases”.
17From http://starchild. gsfc. nasa Full Moon rises as the Sun sets.The Full Moon is in mid-sky at Midnight.Full Moon sets as the Sun rises.Full Moon cannot be seen during the day.
18Phases of the moon (Click and scan forward to the moon) Also from StarChild:
19Possible Extensions Gizmos – 2D Eclipse or 3D Eclipse Phases of the MoonSeasons: Why do we have Them?Tides