Presentation on theme: "MiG Basics: Extending the grazing season Jim Gerrish American GrazingLands Services May, Idaho Harriman TN 2011."— Presentation transcript:
MiG Basics: Extending the grazing season Jim Gerrish American GrazingLands Services May, Idaho Harriman TN 2011
Characteristics of Profitable Herds 2000-2004 Illinois SPA database, 158 Herds Top 15% Average Bottom 15% Net Profit$21,701 $-4,373 $-34,007 Herd Size 202119 185 % Return on Investment 22.2% 3.7% -16.7% Pounds of Calf sold/cow 506454 427 Feeder Calf Price$103.14 $97.39 $99.69 Source: Dr. Allen Williams, U of IL, Beef Extension Specialist, 2008
Characteristics of Profitable Herds Top 15% Average Bottom 15% Net Profit$21,701 $-4,373 $-34,007 Herd Size 202119 185 % Return on Investment 22.2% 3.7% -16.7% Pounds of Calf sold/cow 506454 427 Feeder Calf Price$103.14 $97.39 $99.69 Total Annual Cow Cost$267.35 $332.33 $480.37 Annual Feed Cost$168.51 $212.76 $280.43 Source: Dr. Allen Williams, U of IL, Beef Extension Specialist, 2008
Feed Cost Over 57% of variation in profitability amongst producers can be explained by variation in feed cost Why? 63% of Total Annual Cow Cost is Feed Cost Average annual cost $205.44 – Big Ticket Item Std Dev $80.76 – Huge Variation Range from under $100 to over $400
Winter feed costs are the single largest cost in most livestock operations Most farmers and ranchers have no idea what it costs to get here !
What I find in my consulting business Winter feed Equipment depreciation Fertilizer Irrigation Cow depreciation Labor
What does it take to extend the winter grazing season ? Forage in the field
What does it take to extend the winter grazing season ? Forage in the field Hay aftermath
Grass-Legume mixtures for stockpiling: If 30-50% of annual production is from legume, N fertilization doesnt pay
Value of legumes in stockpile : Alsike clover Birdsfoot trefoil Red clover White clover Sainfoin Alfalfa
Missouri study on N efficiency (2001-3) N response was near linear up to 100 lb/acre Conversion efficiency was about 20 lb forage/ lb N
Value of N on tall fescue without legume N fertilizer cost / lb N cost per added lb of forage N cost per added ton 25¢1.25¢$25 30¢1.50¢$30 35¢1.75¢$35 45¢2.25¢$45 55¢2.75¢$55 65¢3.25¢$65 75¢3.75¢$75
What does it take to extend the winter grazing season ? Forage in the field Hay aftermath Perennial pasture Annual pasture
Winter annual pastures planted in summer can supply 200+ cow-days / acre…..
3-day strip graze provided 40% more grazing days per acre than 14-day strip graze
Management needed to achieve target utilization rate Utilization rate Stockpiled pasture Winter annual Hay feeding 80 %1-day strip graze Ring feed 2-day 70 %3-day strip graze Ring feed 3-day Unroll daily 60 %7-day strip graze Ring feed 5-day 50 %14-day strip graze Unroll 2-day 40 %Set stock Cows are in the hay yard!
An example of controlled grazing on winter range in western Montana Annual precipitation 8-10 in. Elevation 5500 – 6500 ft Growing season 110-120 days
2500 acre range unit 2004-5 with single water source and no subdivision fence: 450 cows for 40 days 2005-6 with stock water development but no subdivision: 800 cows for 45 days 2006-7 with subdivision 900 cows 80 days 2007-8 with stock water, subdivision, & experience: 1200 cows for 100 days.
Simple graziers math 900 cows Add 40 more days of grazing Grazing saves $1/day Annual saving is $36,000 What did the fence cost ? $33,046.81
Example from our old north Missouri farm 260 acre grass farm We needed about 1/3 rd of farm stockpiled each year Alternated which 1/3 rd each year
Basic layout of an 80-acre unit Buried pipeline w/ water to every paddock Three permanent tanks All other water was movable tank at Quick Coupler valve 23 permanent paddocks
Then we strip grazed each paddock in several sections We eliminated ALL making and feeding of hay !
The power of strip grazing Preserve winter feed supply deeper into winter Preserve forage quality deeper into winter Improve animal body condition deeper into winter Raise overall performance level of livestock
What does it take to extend the winter grazing season ? Forage in the field Controlled grazing Cows who know how to work for their living
Do you work for the cows, or do the cows work for you ?
What does it take to extend the winter grazing season ? Forage in the field Controlled grazing Cows who know how to work for their living A positive attitude
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