2We know that the reason we have day and night is because the Earth rotates.Rotate meansto turn.The Earth rotating on its______gives us day and night.axisEarth’s axis isthe imaginary line that goes through the center of the Earth.
3But guess what! Rotating isn’t the only way the Earth moves in space! The Earth also revolves.Revolve – When one object moves around another object
4How long does one revolution take? It takes the Earth one year, or 365 ¼ days to orbit the sun.Does anyone know what orbit means?Orbit -The path that an object follows as it revolves around another object.
5All over the world, people experience the four seasons.
10That tilt gives us seasons! But why do we have four seasons?It’s because the Earth’s axis is tilted.Take a good look at our globe. It‘s not tilted like that because it looks nice. No way. That’s the way the Earth is tilted in space.That tilt gives us seasons!
11Look at this diagram. Notice how the Earth is always tilted in the same direction. As the Earth __________ the part of Earth tilted toward the sun changes.revolves
12During part of the year the North Pole tilts towards the sun During part of the year the North Pole tilts towards the sun. This season is ________.summer
13During another part of the year, the North Pole points away from the sun. This season is ______. winter
14When the North Pole is tilted toward the Sun, the Sun travels higher overhead in the sky. The Sun’s rays shine straighter down on that part of the Earth. It is summer in that part of the Earth.It’s like pointing a flashlight at a piece of paper. When you hold the flashlight straight above the paper, the rays from the flashlight shine down straighter.
15When the North Pole is tilted away from the Sun, the Sun stays lower in the sky. It is then winter in that part of the Earth.If you point your flashlight at a piece of paper at an angle, the rays from the flashlight spread out.