Presentation on theme: "Seasons What do your students think causes the seasons? Images at Created by the Lunar and Planetary."— Presentation transcript:
Seasons What do your students think causes the seasons? Images at Created by the Lunar and Planetary Institute For Educational Use Only LPI is not responsible for the ways in which this powerpoint may be used or altered.
Lets Look at Some Data! Temperatures around the World Daylight hours
Average Daily Temperatures (°F) in Tourist Cities (from ))http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A html JanuaryAprilJulyOctober Cape Town (South Africa) Caracas (Venezuela) London (United Kingdom) Mexico City (Mexico) Montreal (Canada) Moscow (Russia) Nairobi (Kenya) Paris (France) San José (Costa Rica) Seoul (Korea) Singapore Stockholm (Sweden) Sydney (Australia) Tokyo (Japan)
True color images June December March September Images at
Animation-Earths Life through Seasons
Daylight Hours Across the Globe Time is indicated as number of hours (h) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 10.5 h 11 h 12 h 12.5 h 13 h 14 h 14.5 h 14 h 12.5 h 12.5 h 11 h 11.5 h 14.5 h 13.5 h 13.5 h 12.5 h 11 h 11 h 11 h 11.5 h 11.5 h 12.5 h 14 h 14.5 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 17.5 h 15.5 h 13.5 h 11.5 h 10 h 8.5 h 8.5 h 9.5 h 11.5 h 13 h 15 h 16.5 h 5 h 7 h 10 h 13.5 h 17.5 h 21.5 h 22 h 18 h 15.5 h 11.5 h 8.5 h 5.5 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 13 h 13 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 12 h 15 h 14 h 13.5 h 12.5 h 11.5 h 10 h 10.5 h 11 h 11.5 h 12.5 h 14 h 14 h 9 h 10 h 11 h 13.5 h 15 h 17 h 16.5 h 15.5 h 13.5 h 11.5 h 10.5 h 9.5 h 24 h 24 h 19 h 14.5 h 0 h 0 h 0 h 0 h 7 h 15 h 24 h 24 h Miami Brisbane Nairobi Punta Arenas Nome Singapore Cape Town Seattle Vostok
Lets Start with some Observations Using free downloaded computer program, Stellarium: –Stellarium is planetarium software that shows exactly what you see when you look up at the stars. It's easy to use, and free. Lets look at sunrise & sunset, and Suns height in the sky.
Height of Sun for USA Winter: The Sun rises in the southeast, stays low in the sky, and sets in the southwest. Spring: The Sun rises due east, moves higher in the sky than in winter, and sets due west. Summer: The Sun rises in the northeast, travels high (near zenith), and sets in the northwest. Fall: The Sun rises due east, travels to a medium-height in the sky, and sets due west.
What Causes Earths Seasons? Earths axis is tilted 23.5 degrees – it always points in the same direction (Polaris, the North Star) as we orbit our Sun once a year This tilt causes the hemispheres to alternate in the amount of our Suns light and heat they receive through the year Image at
More daylight hours, more direct sunlight Northern Hemisphere Summer Image at
Earths orbit is almost a perfect circle Earth is CLOSEST to our Sun (91 million miles) in winterJanuary 3 Earth is farthest from on our Sun (94 million miles) in summer –July 4
Seasons on Other Planets In some cases, the changing distances from the Sun will affect the seasons. In others, the axial tilt will make a huge difference! Image at Image at
Seasons on Planets Planet Axial Tilt Eccent. OrbitPerihelion Aphelion Mercury 0° days 28 mill. Miles 43 mill. miles Venus 177° days Earth23° days 91 mill. miles 94 mill. miles Mars 25° days 129 mill. miles 155 mill. miles Jupiter 3° years Saturn 27° years Uranus 98° years Neptune 30° years
Mars Orbit and Seasons At summer solstice, Mars is 153 million miles from the Sun At autumnal equinox, Mars is 134 million miles from the Sun At winter solstice, Mars is 128 million miles from the Sun At vernal equinox, Mars is 145 million miles from the Sun Original images from