Presentation on theme: "WHY DO WE NEED PARLIAMENT?"— Presentation transcript:
1WHY DO WE NEED PARLIAMENT? CLASS 8WHY DO WE NEED PARLIAMENT?
2Under colonial rule Indian people had lived in fear of the British Government. Indians did not agree with many of the decisions that they tookWith high pressure of Indian National Congress ,British Government allowed to discuss the budget and ask questions.
3The Government of India Act 1909 allowed for indirect election to the Legislative Assembly.But,National leaders were not satisfied with this.
4At last India became independent on August 1947 through a process of long and difficult struggle in which many sections of the society participated.
5Reasons for opting Parliamentary System of Government in India Being a British colony,India was influenced by the British Parliamentary system .To give equal representation to all.To reduce the chances of dictatorship.
8The Parliament of India consists of The PresidentLok SabhaRajya Sabha
9Two Houses of the Parliament Rajya SabhaLok Sabha
10Presided by the chairman (Vice President) Lok SabhaRajya Sabha: Lower House: House of the People:Maximum strength- 552530 members from states20 members from Union Territories2 members from Anglo-Indian community (nominated by President)Presided by the SpeakerMembers are elected for 5 yearsUpper House: Council of States:Permanent HouseMaximum-250 seats238 seats selected by states&Union Territories and 12 members nominated by PresidentPresided by the chairman (Vice President)Members are elected for six years
11Qualifications of the Member of the Two Houses Lok SabhaRajya SabhaShould be an Indian citizenNot less than 25 years of age .Should not hold any salaried government jobShould not acquired the citizenship of another countryShould be mentally soundShould not be bankruptNo criminal procedures against himShould be an Indian citizenNot less than 30 years of age .Should not hold any salaried government jobShould not acquired the citizenship of another countryShould be mentally soundShould not be bankruptNo criminal procedures against himQualifications of the Member of the Two Houses
12The Role of the Parliament 1.To Select the National Government2.To Control,Guide and Inform the Government3.Law-Making
131.To Select the National Government The country is divided into different constituencies.conduct an election.Count the number of elected members belong to each political party and then a list is prepared .The party which gets an absolute majority(more than half the seats in the Parliament) is invited by the President to form the government.The government is formed by the party with majority of elected members(more than half the seats in the Parliament)
14The next majority party form the opposition . The speaker is elected from the ruling partyThe Prime Minister is the leader of ruling party.He selects the ministers to work with him to implement the laws.
15At present the single party did not get a chance to form the government. Why? Because the single party did not get a proper majority to form a government.So ,they join together with different political parties to form a government.Such government is known as Coalition government
16The Rajya Sabha is a Permanent House . Its members are elected for term of six years in accordance with the system of proportional representationOne-third of its members are retire in every second yearThe Vice-President is the chairman of the House
17All the states do not send equal number of members to Rajya Sabha. The representation is decided on the basis of population of representative states
182.To Control,Guide and Inform the Government Generally, the first hour of a sitting of Lok Sabha is devoted to Questions and that hour is called the Question Hour. It has a special significance in the proceedings of Parliament.MPs of Parliament are free to ask questions to ministers of the government to get information on public concern matters.The period after ‘Question Hour’ and before the beginning of the rest of the day’s work is ‘zero hour’.
193.Law-Making First reading - introduction stage Second reading - discussion stageThird reading - voting stagePresident's assent
20The Parliament can introduce new laws and change the old ones. A law is first introduced in the form of a bill.A bill is the draft of a proposed law.
21Three Categories of Bills: Money BillOrdinary BillConstitutional Bill
22Money BillMoney bill can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha and only by the ruling party.Lok Sabha is more powerful on the issue of money bill.The Speaker of the Lok Sabha has to certify it as a money bill.After three readings in the Lok Sabha ,the bill is sent to the Rajya Sabha.The Rajya Sabha can only make suggestions.
23Ordinary Bills Any member may introduce an ordinary bill. It can be intoduced either in the Lok Sabha or in the Rajya Sabha.Once the bill is passed in one House after their readings , it goes to the other House.If the second House wants to change the bill,it may send to the House where it originated.
24If the House of origin refuses to make change ,up to six month a deadlock is created. Then the President will call for a joint session of both the Houses.After discussion, the bill will be passed.Then it goes to the President .If the President signs the bill, then it becomes a law.This law is then called an Act.