3 Current Situation Of Globally Harmonized System (GHS) Implementation in Myanmar Future Tasks of GHS DisseminationCACurrent SituationGHS Implementation Activities in MyanmarNeeds for GHS ImplementationCD
4 (I) Current Situation Present Issues * Chemical and Related Substances Safety Law Draft wassuccessfully drawn.* It is still submitted to Parliament and draft approved byParliment.* IT need to be enforcement on Chemical Management by Law.* We have the plans to adopt the transition periods forsubstances, mixtures and Building Block Approach plans forGHS after the Chemical Safety Law was approved.* Now , we only organised a working group to do GHS. Itcontains government and private sector, Chemical IndustryGroup (CIG).* In the near future the plans will be implemented.
5 Current Situation of GHS legislation Chemical Safety LawPrivate Sector (NGO)Government SectorMIAWorking CommitteeCIGNational Chemical Profile & GHSRC
6 Challenges * Limited Financial Adoption/ Preparation Training / DisseminationIT facilities* Lack of voluntary supporting organization* Lack cooperation and coherence among the differentagencies* Lack of human resource to strengthen the GHSCapacity Building* Lack of basic knowledge of chemicals in the public
7 (II) GHS Implementation Activities in Myanmar Seminar and Talks on Industrial Zones grow awareness on GHS among the chemical Manufacturers, Consumers, Traders and DistributorsCooperation and Coordination with GovernmentPublic Awareness by interview with mediaTowards GHS Implementation in MyanmarWorkshop/ Training Program on GHS conducted by MIAPublications on Industrial DigestGHS Training Program on conducted by AOTS in JapanCapacity Building for GHS with National Resource Persons
9 Trainees attended for the Program on GHS Training Course by AOTS 11 persons18 persons25 persons17 personsGHS Instructor CourseGHS Basic CourseASEAN-1, ASEAN-2GHS Practical Skill Course
10 Globally Harmonized System Training (2008- 2012) in Myanmar Training ProgramTraining ScheduleNo. ofParticipantsTarget ParticipantsGlobally Harmonized System -Basic Course (1)4th-7th Nov200815 personsCompaniesBasic Course (2)11th -12th Nov2009Basic Course (3)3rd-5th Feb201018 personsMinistry of Industry & CompaniesGlobally Harmonized System -Intermediate Course (1)22th -24th N0v 201020 personsMinistry of Industry,Yangon Technology University, University of Yangon(Chemical Dept.) &Basic Course (4)28th Feb -3rd Mar 201232 personsMinistry of Health &Yangon Technology University
11 Current Functions of Government (Ministry of Industry) We collected over 7000 kinds of Chemicals from 18 Ministries in Myanmar.Most of them were transported by companies and they were used by Ministries of Government.We catergorized these chemicals by the Physical Hazards (16), Health Hazards (10) and Environmental Hazard s (2) under Globally Harmonized System (GHS).We have already finished over 500 groups of Chemicals classification and labeling.Cooperative activities between government and private sector (NGO).We are searching the classification result s in the NITE, JSIA, EFFA, CRIP & ESIS website and MSDS of other website s from Internet.Finally, we will classify the Prohibited, Restricted and Conditional Chemicals from the final classification result for National Chemical Profile.
12 Globally Harmonised System (GHS) What is the GHS ?A common and coherent approach- To define and classify hazards- To communicate information on labels and Safety Data Sheets(SDS)Objective of GHS- To enhance the protection of human health and the environment.GHS Benefits- Protection of human health and environment around the worldwill be enhanced.- An internationally maintained system will be made available to allnation without an existing system- Avoidance of duplication of testing and evaluation of chemicals todetermine their hazardous effects will be ensured.- International trade in chemicals will be facilitated
14 What should be done for GHS? Manufacturer or Supplier- To make labels and SDS (MSDS)Employer- To give a chance of education and training for workers on GHS.Consumer- To understand the meaning of contents of labelWorkers- To understand meaning of contents of label or (SDS,MSDS)Government- To harmorize of the domestic regulations on order to implement GHSInstitute, Agency, Academic- To do hazard assessment, information society, etc.., dissemination, education program, etc.
15 Physical Hazards (16 Class) Explosive ChemicalsFlammable Solid/Liquid/GasFlammable AerosolPyrophoric Liquids/SolidsSelf Heating ChemicalsSelf-reactive SubstancesSubstances which in contact with water emit flammable gasesOxidizing Gas/Liquid/Solid/PeroxideGas under PressureCorrosive Chemicals
16 Health Hazards (10 Class) 1. Acute / Choronic Toxicity2. Skin Corrosion/Irritation3. Serious Eye Damage/ Eye Irritation4. Respiratory or Skin Sensitization5. Germ Cell Mutagenicity6. Carcinogenicity7. Reproductive Toxicity8. Specific Target Organ System (Single Exposure)9. Specific Target Organ System (Repeated Exposure)10. Aspiration Hazard
17 Environmental Hazards ( 2 Class) 1.Hazardous to the Aquatic Life* Acute Toxicity* Chronic Toxicity (Disruption of the ecosystem)2.Hazardous to the Ozone Layer* Depletion of the ozone layer* Global warming* Climate changes
18 Elements of GHS Label - Pictograms ExplosivesSelf-reactive substances(Type A, B)Organic peroxides(Type A,B)Gases under pressureAcute toxicity (Severe)Flammable substances(Type B, C&D, E&F)Pyrophoric substancesSelf-heating substancesAcute toxicitySkin irritationEye irritationSensitization (dermal)Target organ toxicityOxidizing gasesOxidizing liquidsOxidizing solidsSensitization (Respiratory)MutagenicityCarcinogenicityReproductive toxicityAspiration hazardEnvironmental toxicityCorrosive to metalSkin corrosionSerious eye damage
20 Epichlorohydrin Epichlorohydrin Epichlorohydrin C CAS No. 106-89-8 UN No.ProductIdentifierPictogramDANGERSignal wordHazard statements:Flammable liquid & vapour.Toxic if swallowed or in contact with skin.Fatal if inhaled.Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties ifinhaled.May cause an allergic skin reaction.Suspected of causing genetic defects.May cause cancer.Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.Causes damage to organs (Liver, Respiratory organs, Kidney)Causes damage to organs (Kidney, Heart, Nervous system) through prolonged or repeated exposure.HazardStatementsEpichlorohydrin
21 Precautionary statements GHS Label (Epichlorohydrin)GHS LabelPrecautionary statements:Prevention:Obtain special instructions before use.Keep away from heat/ sparks/ open flames/ hot surfaces. Nosmoking.Wash thoroughly after handling.Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.Wear protective gloves/ clothing/ eye/ face protection.Do not breathe mist/ vapors/ spray.Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.Do not handle until all safety precautions have beenread and understood.Precautionary statements
22 Precautionary statements Supplier identification GHS Label (Epichlorohydrin)Response:In case of fire : Use appropriate equipment for extinction .IF ON SKIN (or hair) : Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.Rinse skin with water/shower.- IF SWALLOWED : Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.IF INHALED : Remove person to fresh air and keep at rest in aposition comfortable for breathing.IF IN EYES : Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.Storage:Store locked up. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.Keep container tightly closed.Disposal:Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with local / regional /national / international regulation.Precautionary statementsCo., Ltd.No , CityTel FaxSupplier identification-22-
23 Sulfuric acid (conc:) GHS Label Sulfuric acid (conc:) H2SO4 CAS No1- Product identifier2- PictogramsDangerHazard statements:Fatal if swallowed.Toxic if inhaled.Causes severe skin burns & eye damage.Causes severe May cause respiratory irritation.May cause an allergic skin reaction.May cause cancer.Causes damage to organs ( Respiratory organs ).Harmful to aquatic life.3- Signal word4- Hazard statements
24 Precautionary statements: Prevention: Obtain special instruction before useDo not handle until all safety precaution have been read and understoodUse personal protective equipment as required.Avoid breathing dust / fume / gas / mist / vapors / sprays.Use only outdoors or in well-ventilatedDo not eat, drink or smoke when using this productWear protective gloves /clothing and eye /face protectionWash hands thoroughly after handling.Avoid release to the environmentResponse:IF SWALLOWED : Rinse mouth. DO NOT induce vomiting.IF ON SKIN : Remove /Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash with plenty of soap and water. Rinse skin with water / shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.5- Precautionary statementIF INHALED : Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.24
25 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. IF IN EYE: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.Storage:Store in a well-ventilated place.Keep container tightly closed.Store locked up.Disposal:Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with local / regional / national /international regulation.Supplier :United Nations Corp. Ltd.1-1, Peace Ave. Geneva, SwitzerlandTEL: FAX:6- Supplier identification25
26 Websites for Physical and Chemical Hazards Principle: Physical and Chemical hazard data is based on to measure but can be collected from various data lists.The data used under international agreement, laws and regulations can be used as GHS classification because GHS is based upon part of the UN classification system (Transport of Dangerous Goods.)Example:ICSCAnnex I to the Directive 67/548/EEC (EU/Annex I)UN Recommendation for Transport of Dangerous Goods (UNRTDG)IMO (IMDG Code) Appendix/EmS GuideNorth American Emergency Response Guidebook (NAERG)Chemical Risk Information Platform in JAPAN(CHRIP)
27 Websites for Health Hazards and Environmental hazards eChemPortalCHRIP,CESAR,EnviChem,ESIS,HPVIS,HSDB,HSNO CCID,INCHEM,JECDB,NICNAS PEC,OECD HPV,SIDS IUCLID,SIDS UNEP,US EPA SRSCICADs（Concise International Chemical Assessment Document）CLP/GHSHuman & Environmental Risk Assessment on Ingredients of Household Cleaning Products(EU HERA)Cosmetic Ingredients Review (CIR)CESARCHRIPEnviChemESISHPVISHSDBHSNO CCIDINCHEMJECDBNICNAS PECOECD HPVSIDS IUCLIDSIDS UNEPUS EPA SRS27
28 UNRTDG & GHSDangerous Goods~ is used internationally to describe the goods covered by the UN Recommendations.These goods are divided into nine classes based on their hazardous properties:Class 1 ExplosivesClass 2 GasesClass 3 Flammable LiquidsClass 4 Flammable SolidsClass 5 Oxidizing SubstancesClass 6 Toxic and Infectious SubstancesClass 7 Radioactive MaterialClass 8 CorrosivesClass 9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Substances
30 Example of Arrangements of GHS Label Elements PAINT (FLAMMALINE, LEAD CHROMOMIUM)Outer Packaging : Box with a flammable liquid transport labelInner Packaging : Plastic bottle with GHS hazard warning label2-METHYL FLAMMALINEProduct IdentifierPrecautionary StatementsSupplier IdentificationAdditional information as required by the competent authority as appropriate.SIGNAL WORDHazard StatementsII. Combination PackagingI. Single Packaging
31 Precautionary Statements GHS label should include appropriate precautionary information.e.g - Precautionary PitogramsRespiratorGoggleBoiler SuitsSafety BootsGlovesFace ShieldBoiler Suits
32 Safety Data Sheet "SDS 16 Heading'' 1. Identification2. Hazard(s) identification3. Composition / Information on ingredients4. First-aid measures5. Fire-fighting measures6. Accidental release measures7. Handling and storage8. Exposure controls/personal protection
33 Safety Data Sheet "SDS 16 Heading'' 11. Toxicological Information 12. Ecological Information 13. Disposal Consideration 14. Transport Information 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Informations9. Physical and Chemical properties10. Stability and reactivity
34 GHS Implementation Working Group Ministry of Indust ry
45 Future Tasks of GHS Dissemination * To prepare National Chemical Profile of Myanmarimplementing GHS* Translation of Purple Book into Local language* To prepare classification , labeling of priority chemicalsbased on GHS for industries.* To establish Expert and Working Group to drive GHSimplementation in the National Level* To support by CIG in conducting GHS training andawareness to Industry, Consumers, Traders andDistributors.* Proceeding GHS dissemination through Governmentand Working Group
46 Future Tasks of GHS Dissemination * To establish Chemicals Management Database* To coordinate and cooperate with internationalsponsoringbodies e.g, AOTS, JETRO, KEMI and UNITAR, etc* To include subject for GHS in formal and nonformal channels of education* Media enhancing awareness of the benefits of labelingand SDSs.* Promote public awareness and understanding onhazard communication through brochures, posterspublication and other media
48 Responsible Care Activities in Myanmar Myanmar Industries Association (MIA)Chemical Industry Group (CIG)Myanmar Responsible Care Council (MRCC)Responsible Care®
49 Implemented Companies in Responsible Care (RC) United Paint Group Co., Ltd.United Pacific Co., Ltd.Chemical Engineering Production Co- operative Society LimitedMyanmar U R Chemical Co., Ltd.G P Battery Industries Private Ltd.Mount Popa Co., Ltd.Supreme Group of CompaniesProven Technology Industry Co., Ltd.( Toyo Battery )Khin Maung Nyunt ManufacturingMCEG 9 Co., Ltd. ( Rising Sun Paint )
50 Completed RC Codes at 2012 Management System Code - nil Environmental Conservation Code companyProcess safety Code companiesOccupational Safety and Health Code companiesDistribution Safety Code nilChemical and Product Safety Code nilSocial Dialogue Code nil
54 Chemical Safety Implementation of MOLES - To determine the appropriate sampling methods for organic solvent and acids in air - To be able to conduct air sampling of different chemical substances - To evaluate chemical concentration level at the workplace - To recommend control measures.
55 Chemical Hazard Identification Safety Data Sheet (SDS)Raw MaterialProcessBy products / End products
56 Common Chemical Groups that Cause Health Risk Organic Solvents / VaporsAcids / MistsDust / ParticulatesHeavy metals / FumesGases
57 Monitoring Levels of Exposure MONITORING is a continuing program of observation, measurement and judgment – all of which are necessary to recognize potential hazards and to judge the adequacy of protection
58 Needs for GHS Implementation 1. Training for Human Resources 2. International Experiences and Ideas 3. Financial and Technical Support 4. Laboratory and Accessories
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