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Dr. Khin pa pa soe ASSistant director

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1 Dr. Khin pa pa soe ASSistant director
Current Situation Of Globally Harmonized System (GHS) implementation in Myanmar Dr. Khin pa pa soe ASSistant director ministry of Industry Myanmar

2 Shwedagon Pagoda

3 Current Situation Of Globally Harmonized System (GHS) Implementation in Myanmar
Future Tasks of GHS Dissemination C A Current Situation GHS Implementation Activities in Myanmar Needs for GHS Implementation C D

4 (I) Current Situation Present Issues
* Chemical and Related Substances Safety Law Draft was successfully drawn. * It is still submitted to Parliament and draft approved by Parliment. * IT need to be enforcement on Chemical Management by Law. * We have the plans to adopt the transition periods for substances, mixtures and Building Block Approach plans for GHS after the Chemical Safety Law was approved. * Now , we only organised a working group to do GHS. It contains government and private sector, Chemical Industry Group (CIG). * In the near future the plans will be implemented.

5 Current Situation of GHS legislation
Chemical Safety Law Private Sector (NGO) Government Sector MIA Working Committee CIG National Chemical Profile & GHS RC

6 Challenges * Limited Financial Adoption/ Preparation
Training / Dissemination IT facilities * Lack of voluntary supporting organization * Lack cooperation and coherence among the different agencies * Lack of human resource to strengthen the GHS Capacity Building * Lack of basic knowledge of chemicals in the public

7 (II) GHS Implementation Activities in Myanmar
Seminar and Talks on Industrial Zones grow awareness on GHS among the chemical Manufacturers, Consumers, Traders and Distributors Cooperation and Coordination with Government Public Awareness by interview with media Towards GHS Implementation in Myanmar Workshop/ Training Program on GHS conducted by MIA Publications on Industrial Digest GHS Training Program on conducted by AOTS in Japan Capacity Building for GHS with National Resource Persons

8 Capacity Building for GHS Implementation AOTS Training
Program Training Schedule Training Places No. of Trainees ASEAN, ASEAN-1 2004 Japan 7 ASEAN-1, ASEAN-2, RC & GHS (basic) 2005 Japan, 10 GHS Experts (advance), ASEAN-2 2006 Thai, Japan RC & GHS (basic), GHS Instructors (ENEP-2) 2007 GHS Instructors (ENEP-1, basic), GHS (basic), GHS Instructor Practical (ENEP-2) 2008 Japan, Thai, 13 GHS Instructors (basic) 2009 Vietnam 5 GHS Instructor Practical (ENEP), GHS (basic), GHS Instructor (basic) 2010 Japan, Thai, Indonesia 16 GHS Instructor Practical (ENEP) 2011 3 TOTAL 2004 to2011 71

9 Trainees attended for the Program on GHS Training Course by AOTS
11 persons 18 persons 25 persons 17 persons GHS Instructor Course GHS Basic Course ASEAN-1, ASEAN-2 GHS Practical Skill Course

10 Globally Harmonized System Training (2008- 2012) in Myanmar
Training Program Training Schedule No. of Participants Target Participants Globally Harmonized System - Basic Course (1) 4th-7th Nov 2008 15 persons Companies Basic Course (2) 11th -12th Nov 2009 Basic Course (3) 3rd-5th Feb 2010 18 persons Ministry of Industry & Companies Globally Harmonized System -Intermediate Course (1) 22th -24th N0v 2010 20 persons Ministry of Industry, Yangon Technology University, University of Yangon (Chemical Dept.) & Basic Course (4) 28th Feb -3rd Mar 2012 32 persons Ministry of Health & Yangon Technology University

11 Current Functions of Government (Ministry of Industry)
We collected over 7000 kinds of Chemicals from 18 Ministries in Myanmar. Most of them were transported by companies and they were used by Ministries of Government. We catergorized these chemicals by the Physical Hazards (16), Health Hazards (10) and Environmental Hazard s (2) under Globally Harmonized System (GHS). We have already finished over 500 groups of Chemicals classification and labeling. Cooperative activities between government and private sector (NGO). We are searching the classification result s in the NITE, JSIA, EFFA, CRIP & ESIS website and MSDS of other website s from Internet. Finally, we will classify the Prohibited, Restricted and Conditional Chemicals from the final classification result for National Chemical Profile.

12 Globally Harmonised System (GHS)
What is the GHS ? A common and coherent approach - To define and classify hazards - To communicate information on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Objective of GHS - To enhance the protection of human health and the environment. GHS Benefits - Protection of human health and environment around the world will be enhanced. - An internationally maintained system will be made available to all nation without an existing system - Avoidance of duplication of testing and evaluation of chemicals to determine their hazardous effects will be ensured. - International trade in chemicals will be facilitated

13 Target Audiences Needs
Workplace Including Agriculture (pesticides) and Pharmaceuticals - Labels and Safety data sheets  Consumers Labels, Emergency number Transport Labels, Placards, Transport documents (TREM CARD)  Emergency responders - Labels, Placards

14 What should be done for GHS?
Manufacturer or Supplier - To make labels and SDS (MSDS) Employer - To give a chance of education and training for workers on GHS. Consumer - To understand the meaning of contents of label Workers - To understand meaning of contents of label or (SDS,MSDS) Government - To harmorize of the domestic regulations on order to implement GHS Institute, Agency, Academic - To do hazard assessment, information society, etc.., dissemination, education program, etc.

15 Physical Hazards (16 Class)
Explosive Chemicals Flammable Solid/Liquid/Gas Flammable Aerosol Pyrophoric Liquids/Solids Self Heating Chemicals Self-reactive Substances Substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases Oxidizing Gas/Liquid/Solid/Peroxide Gas under Pressure Corrosive Chemicals

16 Health Hazards (10 Class)
1. Acute / Choronic Toxicity 2. Skin Corrosion/Irritation 3. Serious Eye Damage/ Eye Irritation 4. Respiratory or Skin Sensitization 5. Germ Cell Mutagenicity 6. Carcinogenicity 7. Reproductive Toxicity 8. Specific Target Organ System (Single Exposure) 9. Specific Target Organ System (Repeated Exposure) 10. Aspiration Hazard

17 Environmental Hazards ( 2 Class)
1.Hazardous to the Aquatic Life * Acute Toxicity * Chronic Toxicity (Disruption of the ecosystem) 2.Hazardous to the Ozone Layer * Depletion of the ozone layer * Global warming * Climate changes

18 Elements of GHS Label - Pictograms
Explosives Self-reactive substances (Type A, B) Organic peroxides (Type A,B) Gases under pressure Acute toxicity (Severe) Flammable substances (Type B, C&D, E&F) Pyrophoric substances Self-heating substances Acute toxicity Skin irritation Eye irritation Sensitization (dermal) Target organ toxicity Oxidizing gases Oxidizing liquids Oxidizing solids Sensitization (Respiratory) Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive toxicity Aspiration hazard Environmental toxicity Corrosive to metal Skin corrosion Serious eye damage

19 Hazard Communication - GHS Labels

20 Epichlorohydrin Epichlorohydrin Epichlorohydrin C CAS No. 106-89-8
UN No. Product Identifier Pictogram DANGER Signal word Hazard statements: Flammable liquid & vapour. Toxic if swallowed or in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May cause cancer. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. Causes damage to organs (Liver, Respiratory organs, Kidney) Causes damage to organs (Kidney, Heart, Nervous system) through prolonged or repeated exposure. Hazard Statements Epichlorohydrin

21 Precautionary statements
GHS Label (Epichlorohydrin) GHS Label Precautionary statements: Prevention: Obtain special instructions before use. Keep away from heat/ sparks/ open flames/ hot surfaces. No smoking. Wash thoroughly after handling. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear protective gloves/ clothing/ eye/ face protection. Do not breathe mist/ vapors/ spray. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Precautionary statements

22 Precautionary statements Supplier identification
GHS Label (Epichlorohydrin) Response: In case of fire : Use appropriate equipment for extinction . IF ON SKIN (or hair) : Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. - IF SWALLOWED : Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED : Remove person to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES : Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Storage: Store locked up. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool. Keep container tightly closed. Disposal: Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with local / regional / national / international regulation. Precautionary statements Co., Ltd. No , City Tel Fax Supplier identification -22-

23 Sulfuric acid (conc:) GHS Label Sulfuric acid (conc:) H2SO4
CAS No 1- Product identifier 2- Pictograms Danger Hazard statements: Fatal if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns & eye damage. Causes severe May cause respiratory irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause cancer. Causes damage to organs ( Respiratory organs ). Harmful to aquatic life. 3- Signal word 4- Hazard statements

24 Precautionary statements: Prevention:
Obtain special instruction before use Do not handle until all safety precaution have been read and understood Use personal protective equipment as required. Avoid breathing dust / fume / gas / mist / vapors / sprays. Use only outdoors or in well-ventilated Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product Wear protective gloves /clothing and eye /face protection Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Avoid release to the environment Response: IF SWALLOWED : Rinse mouth. DO NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN : Remove /Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash with plenty of soap and water. Rinse skin with water / shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. 5- Precautionary statement IF INHALED : Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. 24

25 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
IF IN EYE: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Storage: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Store locked up. Disposal: Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with local / regional / national / international regulation. Supplier : United Nations Corp. Ltd. 1-1, Peace Ave. Geneva, Switzerland TEL: FAX: 6- Supplier identification 25

26 Websites for Physical and Chemical Hazards
Principle: Physical and Chemical hazard data is based on to measure but can be collected from various data lists. The data used under international agreement, laws and regulations can be used as GHS classification because GHS is based upon part of the UN classification system (Transport of Dangerous Goods.) Example: ICSC Annex I to the Directive 67/548/EEC (EU/Annex I) UN Recommendation for Transport of Dangerous Goods (UNRTDG) IMO (IMDG Code) Appendix/EmS Guide North American Emergency Response Guidebook (NAERG)   Chemical Risk Information Platform in JAPAN(CHRIP)

27 Websites for Health Hazards and Environmental hazards
eChemPortal CHRIP, CESAR, EnviChem, ESIS, HPVIS, HSDB, HSNO CCID, INCHEM, JECDB, NICNAS PEC, OECD HPV, SIDS IUCLID, SIDS UNEP, US EPA SRS CICADs(Concise International Chemical Assessment Document) CLP/GHS Human & Environmental Risk Assessment on Ingredients of Household Cleaning Products(EU HERA) Cosmetic Ingredients Review (CIR) CESAR CHRIP EnviChem ESIS HPVIS HSDB HSNO CCID INCHEM JECDB NICNAS PEC OECD HPV SIDS IUCLID SIDS UNEP US EPA SRS 27

28 UNRTDG & GHS Dangerous Goods~ is used internationally to describe the goods covered by the UN Recommendations. These goods are divided into nine classes based on their hazardous properties: Class 1 Explosives Class 2 Gases Class 3 Flammable Liquids Class 4 Flammable Solids Class 5 Oxidizing Substances Class 6 Toxic and Infectious Substances Class 7 Radioactive Material Class 8 Corrosives Class 9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Substances

29 UNRTDG Pictogram

30 Example of Arrangements of GHS Label Elements
PAINT (FLAMMALINE, LEAD CHROMOMIUM) Outer Packaging : Box with a flammable liquid transport label Inner Packaging : Plastic bottle with GHS hazard warning label 2-METHYL FLAMMALINE Product Identifier Precautionary Statements Supplier Identification Additional information as required by the competent authority as appropriate. SIGNAL WORD Hazard Statements II. Combination Packaging I. Single Packaging

31 Precautionary Statements
GHS label should include appropriate precautionary information. e.g - Precautionary Pitograms Respirator Goggle Boiler Suits Safety Boots Gloves Face Shield Boiler Suits

32 Safety Data Sheet "SDS 16 Heading''
1. Identification 2. Hazard(s) identification 3. Composition / Information on ingredients 4. First-aid measures 5. Fire-fighting measures 6. Accidental release measures 7. Handling and storage 8. Exposure controls/personal protection

33 Safety Data Sheet "SDS 16 Heading''
11. Toxicological Information 12. Ecological Information 13. Disposal Consideration 14. Transport Information 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Informations 9. Physical and Chemical properties 10. Stability and reactivity

34 GHS Implementation Working Group Ministry of Indust ry

35 Globally Harmonized System Basic Course (3)

36 Globally Harmonized System Intermediate Course 22th -24th N0v 2011

37 Globally Harmonized System Basic Course (4 ) 28th Feb -3rd Mar 2012

38 Globally Harmonized System Awareness Activities 2009- 2012
Activities Area Date Target Audients Defence Services Technological Academy (PyinOo Lwin) 24th May 2009 Academic Trainees Monywa Industrial Zone 4th Dec 2009 Chemical related Industries Dagon Seikan Industrial Zone 24th June2010 Hlaing Tharyar Industrial Zone 13th July 2010 Ayetharyar ( TaungGyi ) Industrial Zone 2nd Sept 2010

39 Responsible Care & GHS Awareness Defence Services Technological Academy (PyinOo Lwin) 24th May 2009

40 Responsible Care & GHS Awareness Monywa Industrial Zone 4th Dec 2009

41 Responsible Care & GHS Awareness Dagon Seikan Industrial Zone
Responsible Care & GHS Awareness Dagon Seikan Industrial Zone 24th June2010

42 Responsible Care & GHS Awareness Hlaing Tharyar Industrial Zone
Responsible Care & GHS Awareness Hlaing Tharyar Industrial Zone 13th July 2010

43 Responsible Care & GHS Awareness Ayetharyar ( Taung Gyi ) Industrial Zone 2nd Sept 2010

44 Globally Harmonized System Awareness Posters

45 Future Tasks of GHS Dissemination
* To prepare National Chemical Profile of Myanmar implementing GHS * Translation of Purple Book into Local language * To prepare classification , labeling of priority chemicals based on GHS for industries. * To establish Expert and Working Group to drive GHS implementation in the National Level * To support by CIG in conducting GHS training and awareness to Industry, Consumers, Traders and Distributors. * Proceeding GHS dissemination through Government and Working Group

46 Future Tasks of GHS Dissemination
* To establish Chemicals Management Database * To coordinate and cooperate with international sponsoring bodies e.g, AOTS, JETRO, KEMI and UNITAR, etc * To include subject for GHS in formal and non formal channels of education * Media enhancing awareness of the benefits of labeling and SDSs. * Promote public awareness and understanding on hazard communication through brochures, posters publication and other media

47 Responsible Care Activities in Myanmar

48 Responsible Care Activities in Myanmar
Myanmar Industries Association (MIA) Chemical Industry Group (CIG) Myanmar Responsible Care Council (MRCC) Responsible Care®

49 Implemented Companies in Responsible Care (RC)
United Paint Group Co., Ltd. United Pacific Co., Ltd. Chemical Engineering Production Co- operative Society Limited Myanmar U R Chemical Co., Ltd. G P Battery Industries Private Ltd. Mount Popa Co., Ltd. Supreme Group of Companies Proven Technology Industry Co., Ltd.( Toyo Battery ) Khin Maung Nyunt Manufacturing MCEG 9 Co., Ltd. ( Rising Sun Paint )

50 Completed RC Codes at 2012 Management System Code - nil
Environmental Conservation Code company Process safety Code companies Occupational Safety and Health Code companies Distribution Safety Code nil Chemical and Product Safety Code nil Social Dialogue Code nil

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54 Chemical Safety Implementation of MOLES
- To determine the appropriate sampling methods for organic solvent and acids in air - To be able to conduct air sampling of different chemical substances - To evaluate chemical concentration level at the workplace - To recommend control measures.

55 Chemical Hazard Identification
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) Raw Material Process By products / End products

56 Common Chemical Groups that Cause Health Risk
Organic Solvents / Vapors Acids / Mists Dust / Particulates Heavy metals / Fumes Gases

57 Monitoring Levels of Exposure
MONITORING is a continuing program of observation, measurement and judgment – all of which are necessary to recognize potential hazards and to judge the adequacy of protection

58 Needs for GHS Implementation
1. Training for Human Resources 2. International Experiences and Ideas 3. Financial and Technical Support 4. Laboratory and Accessories

59 To improve GHS

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