2 Seating Chart Find your seat on the charts in the front of the room. I reserve the right to change your seat at anytime.Be prepared to start notes when the bell rings.
3 Law and Justice Why did you take this class? Social Studies today Units of study include:CrimePoliceCourtsSentencingCorrectionsJuvenile lawSocial Studies todayToday’s learner.How will you use Law and Justice?
4 Shift Happens You have been given a handout This is a quiet activity…THE ONLY WRONG ANSWER IS ONE WHICH IS NOT SCHOOL APPROPRIATE.Shift HappensYou have been given a handoutON YOUR OWN… answer the questions on the sheet to the best of your ability.Focus on how society and history have changed/are changing!When you are finished, turn the paper over and tell me the following:1. Your expectations for the class2. What you think your greatest struggle will be in Law and Justice3. Your favorite part of Law and Justice4. Have you watched any TV shows or movies that relate to law and Justice?
5 Welcome Back About the class--- We have 5 units of study, which are centered around the components of crimeCrimePoliceCourtsCorrectionsJuvenile Justice
6 You DecideIn your opinion, a class titled, Law and Justice should cover what information?
8 Tell meLawJusticebinding custom or practice of a community : a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authoritythe maintenance or administration of what is just especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments
9 Unit ObjectivesObjectives: At the conclusion of this unit, students will be able to;Define key terms in the area of crime in America.Interpret laws and determine which have an impact on their lives.Identify differences between individual rights and public order perspectivesExplain societies need for a system of order and detail the role of law within that system.Explain the structure of the criminal justice systemExplain due process of law
10 Analysis of Quotes/Pictures We are going to go through a series of quotes. I will put a quote or a picture on the board, your job is to give me an educated analysis.Tell me what this quote means, how does it relate to law and justice, how does it relate to your life?
11 Quote “Law is the only game where the best players sit on the bench.” What does this mean?
31 D.B. Cooper Essay (15 points) Who is D.B. Cooper and why were his actions considered criminal behavior? Be sure to tell me a summary of the crime and the outcome.Give me enough SPECIFIC examples to assure me that you read the entire article.Anything less than 5 sentences will not be graded and will be an automatic 0/15.
32 CrimeCrime: something one does or fails to do that is in violation of a law.Behavior for which a government has set a penaltyCriminal V. Non CriminalWho decides?
33 Who decides?Legislatures: Try to protect the public based on what most people believe is right and necessary for the orderly conduct of society.Protecting Life, property, freedom, government, uphold morality of society.Law=HarmonyBreaking Law=Human Rights ViolationConnections to your life: Each classroom has RULES or EXPECTATIONS…to maintain, harmony…if you break those rules or regulations, you are violating rights of those around you.
35 Elements of a CrimeMens Rea: As an element of criminal responsibility, a guilty mindA guilty or wrongful purposeCriminal intentWillfulness
36 Elements of a Crime Cont. Act: Something done; usually, something done intentionally or voluntarily or with a purpose.Legality: in accordance with law (what crime was committed)Causation: is the "causal relationship between conduct and result“Provides a means of connecting conduct with a resulting effectactus reus (an action) from which the specific injury arose and is combined with mens rea (a state of mind) to comprise the elements of guilt.
37 Elements of a Crime Cont. Concurrence: if the act does not hold concurrence in point of time with the mens rea then no crime has been committed.Punishment: imposition of something negative or unpleasant on a person in response to behavior deemed wrongHarm: various forms of injuryAccessory: a person who assists a criminal but is not present at the crimeAccomplice: actively participates in the completion of a crime
39 Economics and youGovernment expenditures$150 Billion
40 Reasons for Crime? Poverty Permissive Courts Unemployment Lack of EducationAbuse of Alcohol or DrugsInadequate PoliceRising PopulationMediaBreakdown of MoralsLittle or No Chance of being Caught
41 Connections to your life… Since I know none of you commit crimes of any kind…let’s connect the reasons for crime to reasons for cheating…you better not cheat either…
42 PovertyLet’s say you are not wealthy with knowledge about Law and Justice…and we have our first test…Sally has TONS of knowledge at her disposal…who is more likely to cheat? You or Sally, Why?
43 Permissive CourtsLet’s say I catch you cheating…which I would…if you did.I send you to your principal and they say, “OHHHH baaaad student” and shake their head and send you back to classAre you more likely to cheat again? Why?
44 Economy How does the economy play a part in crime rates? Large gap betweenrich and poor = increase in crimeWhat is important? Family stability
45 Question Would tougher penalties curb crime? Did the new cell phone policy keep you from texting in class?
46 Incarceration Rate Incarceration: Imprisonment by the state. Where do you think the U.S. falls in the Incarceration rate rankings of industrialized countries?Certainty of punishment v. Length of punishment
47 Police and Crime Increase number of police? Community Policing: community works actively with the local police to lower the crime rate
48 Crime on CampusOne third of students reported that drugs were available to them at school.BullyingWeapons
50 Crime StatisticsUCR: contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States who then provide the data to the FBI.Focuses on index crimesHomicideManslaughterRobberyforcible rapeaggravated assaultBurglarylarceny/theftmotor vehicle theft,arson
51 Crime Stats Cont.NIBRS: Local, state and federal agencies generate NIBRS data from their records management systems.NCVS: on the frequency of crime victimization, as well as characteristics and consequences of victimizationDark Figure of Crime: Unreported crimes
52 Have your packets out when the bell rings. A large portion of crime in the United States is contributed to what?Have your packets out when the bell rings.Shead – Crime: Unit 1
53 Gangs and Crime Why are they growing? Lure of profit Historically: Gangs are organized along ethnic lines. Interested in protecting turf, reputation, heritage and culture.Now? *Drugs*Weapons*Theft*Prostitution*Violence*Racism*Sexism
54 Who Joins a Gang? Majority- Male Family involvement Poor living conditionsLack of success in schoolYoung peopleSubstance abusersSomeone who is threatenedSomeone who is lonesome
70 Alcohol Most widely abused substance in the U.S. Abuse (violence) Why do you think?Abuse (violence)More crimes committed35%
71 Drunk Driving Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) Driving Under the Influence (DUI)Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)BreathUrineBlood
72 Drinking and Driving Penalties FineDWI SchoolCommunity ServiceLicense suspendedLicense revokedJail
73 Objectives Objectives Identify and define key words pertaining to chapter 7Analyze different strategies for preventing crime.
74 Implied ConsentImplied Consent: law under which the driver agrees to submit to a BAC test in exchange for the privilege of driving.
75 Victims of CrimeFactors which increase likelihood of becoming a victimGenderSocioeconomic StatusRaceLocationRestitution: requiring criminals to pay back or otherwise compensate the victims of their crimes.
79 State of Mind and Motive Mens Rae: guilty mind(guilty) State of Mind: Act done intentionally, knowingly or willfullyMotive: Reason for performing an act
80 Strict LiabilityDoes not matter what the state of mind was, still a criminal actExample?
81 Using the following titles… Read the section of the book and summarize the information into your own words (Chapter 9 pg 107)You need to know all terms bolded and in BLUE, I don’t care how you record the information, you just need to know it for your test.