Presentation on theme: "Law and Justice Miss Shead Seating Chart Find your seat on the charts in the front of the room. I reserve the right to change your seat at anytime. Be."— Presentation transcript:
Law and Justice Miss Shead
Seating Chart Find your seat on the charts in the front of the room. I reserve the right to change your seat at anytime. Be prepared to start notes when the bell rings.
Law and Justice Why did you take this class ? Units of study include: Crime Police Courts Sentencing Corrections Juvenile law Social Studies today Todays learner. How will you use Law and Justice?
Shift Happens You have been given a handout ON YOUR OWN … answer the questions on the sheet to the best of your ability. Focus on how society and history have changed/are changing! When you are finished, turn the paper over and tell me the following: 1. Your expectations for the class 2. What you think your greatest struggle will be in Law and Justice 3. Your favorite part of Law and Justice 4. Have you watched any TV shows or movies that relate to law and Justice? This is a quiet activity…THE ONLY WRONG ANSWER IS ONE WHICH IS NOT SCHOOL APPROPRIATE.
Welcome Back About the class--- We have 5 units of study, which are centered around the components of crime 1. Crime 2. Police 3. Courts 4. Corrections 5. Juvenile Justice
You Decide In your opinion, a class titled, Law and Justice should cover what information?
Tell me Law binding custom or practice of a community : a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority Justice the maintenance or administration of what is just especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments
Unit Objectives Objectives : At the conclusion of this unit, students will be able to; Define key terms in the area of crime in America. Interpret laws and determine which have an impact on their lives. Identify differences between individual rights and public order perspectives Explain societies need for a system of order and detail the role of law within that system. Explain the structure of the criminal justice system Explain due process of law
Analysis of Quotes/Pictures We are going to go through a series of quotes. I will put a quote or a picture on the board, your job is to give me an educated analysis. Tell me what this quote means, how does it relate to law and justice, how does it relate to your life?
Quote Law is the only game where the best players sit on the bench. What does this mean?
Quote If you break the law, were going to hold you accountable and there will be tough consequences for your actions. - North Caroline Gov. Jim Hunt
Quote People expect both safety and justice and do not want to sacrifice one for the other. -Christopher Stone Director of Institute of Justice
Quote Youre looking now not only at a rescue operation, but a gigantic crime scene. -ABC Newscaster
Law and Justice Day 2: Intro to crime
You Decide Robert sells crack and uses the money to support his mother who is on welfare. Rank: VS (very serious) S (serious) LS (less serious) NS (not serious) NAC (not a crime)
You Decide Marley is a passenger in a car she knows is stolen, although she did not steal the car.
You Decide A executive gives a million dollars to a candidate for U.S. Senate.
You Decide A wife finds out her husband is having an affair and runs him over with a car.
You Decide Paulina is caught with a pound of marijuana.
You Decide Ted robs a liquor store at gunpoint.
You Decide Ellen leaves a store with change for a ten knowing she gave the cashier a five.
You Decide Lily approaches a man for prostitution.
You Decide The President of the United States lies under oath.
You Decide Pat gets drunk and hits a kid while speeding through a school zone.
This is a great time to go over our syllabus Get your syllabus out…read through it and let me know if you have any questions.
D.B. Cooper Essay (15 points) Who is D.B. Cooper and why were his actions considered criminal behavior? Be sure to tell me a summary of the crime and the outcome. Give me enough SPECIFIC examples to assure me that you read the entire article. Anything less than 5 sentences will not be graded and will be an automatic 0/15.
Crime Crime : something one does or fails to do that is in violation of a law. Behavior for which a government has set a penalty Criminal V. Non Criminal Who decides?
Legislatures : Try to protect the public based on what most people believe is right and necessary for the orderly conduct of society. Protecting Life, property, freedom, government, uphold morality of society. Law=Harmony Breaking Law=Human Rights Violation Connections to your life: Each classroom has RULES or EXPECTATIONS…to maintain, harmony…if you break those rules or regulations, you are violating rights of those around you.
Crime Rate Factors What influences crime rates?
Elements of a Crime Mens Rea : As an element of criminal responsibility, a guilty mind A guilty or wrongful purpose Criminal intent Willfulness
Elements of a Crime Cont. Act : Something done; usually, something done intentionally or voluntarily or with a purpose. Legality : in accordance with law (what crime was committed) Causation : is the "causal relationship between conduct and result Provides a means of connecting conduct with a resulting effect actus reus (an action) from which the specific injury arose and is combined with mens rea (a state of mind) to comprise the elements of guilt.
Elements of a Crime Cont. Concurrence : if the act does not hold concurrence in point of time with the mens rea then no crime has been committed. Punishment : imposition of something negative or unpleasant on a person in response to behavior deemed wrong Harm : various forms of injury Accessory: a person who assists a criminal but is not present at the crime Accomplice: actively participates in the completion of a crime
Influences Cont. Location (Urban > Suburban > Rural) STL #5 most dangerous city Springfield MO, #100 Age (15-24) thats you! Gender (Male 4x more) Time
Economics and you Government expenditures $150 Billion
Reasons for Crime? Poverty Permissive Courts Unemployment Lack of Education Abuse of Alcohol or Drugs Inadequate Police Rising Population Media Breakdown of Morals Little or No Chance of being Caught
Connections to your life… Since I know none of you commit crimes of any kind…lets connect the reasons for crime to reasons for cheating…you better not cheat either…
Poverty Lets say you are not wealthy with knowledge about Law and Justice…and we have our first test… Sally has TONS of knowledge at her disposal…who is more likely to cheat? You or Sally, Why?
Permissive Courts Lets say I catch you cheating…which I would…if you did. I send you to your principal and they say, OHHHH baaaad student and shake their head and send you back to class Are you more likely to cheat again? Why?
Economy How does the economy play a part in crime rates? Large gap between rich and poor = increase in crime What is important? Family stability
Question Would tougher penalties curb crime? Did the new cell phone policy keep you from texting in class?
Incarceration Rate Incarceration : Imprisonment by the state. Where do you think the U.S. falls in the Incarceration rate rankings of industrialized countries? Certainty of punishment v. Length of punishment
Police and Crime Increase number of police? Community Policing : community works actively with the local police to lower the crime rate
Crime on Campus One third of students reported that drugs were available to them at school. Bullying Weapons
College Many crimes on College campus Involve alcohol.
Crime Statistics UCR : contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States who then provide the data to the FBI. Focuses on index crimes Homicide Manslaughter Robbery forcible rape aggravated assault Burglary larceny/theft motor vehicle theft, arson
Crime Stats Cont. NIBRS: Local, state and federal agencies generate NIBRS data from their records management systems. NCVS: on the frequency of crime victimization, as well as characteristics and consequences of victimization Dark Figure of Crime: Unreported crimes
A large portion of crime in the United States is contributed to what? Have your packets out when the bell rings. Shead – Crime: Unit 1
Gangs and Crime Why are they growing? Lure of profit Historically: Gangs are organized along ethnic lines. Interested in protecting turf, reputation, heritage and culture. NowNow?*Drugs *Weapons *Theft *Prostitution *Violence *Racism *Sexism
Who Joins a Gang? Majority- Male Family involvement Poor living conditions Lack of success in school Young people Substance abusers Someone who is threatened Someone who is lonesome
Guns Lawful v. Illegal gun owning Second Amendment
Gun Control Act of 1968 After assassinations of: MLK Robert Kennedy Prohibits certain groups from owning a gun Felons Illegal Aliens Minors 21 to buy a short range gun 18 for long range
Brady Act Instant background check Wait 5 days for results before selling
Substance Abuse and Crime Substance Abuse : Over use of a chemical Alcohol and drugs More substances = need more $
Alcohol Most widely abused substance in the U.S. Why do you think? Abuse (violence) More crimes committed 35%
Drunk Driving Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Breath Urine Blood
Drinking and Driving Penalties Fine DWI School Community Service License suspended License revoked Jail
Objectives Identify and define key words pertaining to chapter 7 Analyze different strategies for preventing crime.
Implied Consent Implied Consent : law under which the driver agrees to submit to a BAC test in exchange for the privilege of driving.
Victims of Crime Factors which increase likelihood of becoming a victim Gender Socioeconomic Status Race Location Restitution : requiring criminals to pay back or otherwise compensate the victims of their crimes.
State of Mind and Motive Mens Rae : guilty mind (guilty) State of Mind: Act done intentionally, knowingly or willfully Motive : Reason for performing an act
Strict Liability Does not matter what the state of mind was, still a criminal act Example?
Using the following titles… Read the section of the book and summarize the information into your own words (Chapter 9 pg 107) You need to know all terms bolded and in BLUE, I dont care how you record the information, you just need to know it for your test.