In the third century BC, a Greek mathematician named Archimedes was put in charge of discovering if a goldsmith was secretly replacing the gold in the kings crown with silver. Archimedes, in the middle of taking a bath, found that when he put his foot in the bathtub, some water rose and poured out of the tub. With this, he placed the kings crown in water with a gold crown of equal weight. The kings crown caused more water to overflow, and Archimedes therefore concluded that since it had more volume for the same weight, (gold is more dense than silver), the kings crown contained silver. The goldsmith was executed.
Buoyancy-the upward force that keeps things afloat Archimedes law is the primary law of buoyancy The weight of the displaced fluid is directly proportional to the volume of the displaced fluid. Among submerged objects with equal mass, the objects with the greater volume will have greater buoyancy
Works Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buoyancy http://library.thinkquest.org/27948/archime de.html http://library.thinkquest.org/25672/archi med.htm http://www.mat.uc.pt/sabados/Imagens/Ar chimedes_principle.gif
Bernoullis Law By Jenn Furlong Grant Behnke Kody Keckler Victoria Ma Shyam Kotak
What is Bernoullis Law? As a fluids velocity increases, the pressure it exerts decreases (and vice versa). A common application is a Venturi tube, which narrows at one point; the pressure decreases, and velocity increases.
When does it apply? The construction of airplane wings and race cars use this law by controlling pressure on the airplane wings and wheels. This law applies when fluid passes through a gap in the pathwaypressure increases and decreases depending on the velocity of the fluid.
The Equation P 1 + ½ pv 1 2 + pgh 1 = P 2 + ½ pv 2 2 + pgh 2
Daniel Bernoulli was born in Groningen, in the Netherlands. From a young age, he was interested in mathematics and fluids. He discovered the fluid equation when he went back to his earlier work on the Conservation of energy, and realized that a moving fluid exchanges kinetic energy for pressure similarly with how a fluid would exchange kinetic energy in a height gain. Who was Bernoulli?
Works Cited http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/HBASE/pber.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernoulli's_equation http://library.thinkquest.org/27948/bernoulli.html http://pilotsweb.com/principle/bernoulli.htm http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/HBASE/pber.html http://pass.maths.org.uk/issue1/bern/index.html
States that if pressure is applied to any part of a contained fluid, that pressure is applied to all parts of the fluid P1=P2, P1 being the pressure at the point its applied at, P2 being the pressure at any other point of the enclosed fluid An application of this is the hydraulic lift, when using Pascals Law, you can increase the area on one side, you could lift many times the weight with only a fraction of the effort
Blaise Pascal A French mathematician and Philosopher He did work in many areas of math and science Was a defender of Jansenism Had poor health despite his accomplishments and died at age 39 Contributed to some inventions including the barometer and mechanical calculator
Works Cited Nave, R. "Pressure." Test Page for Apache Installation. 27 Mar. 2009. "Cycloid -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 27 Mar. 2009. "Blaise Pascal -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 27 Mar. 2009. "Pascal's Principle and Hydraulics." NASA - Title... 27 Mar. 2009. Educational Technology Clearinghouse. 27 Mar. 2009. "Pascal's law -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 27 Mar. 2009.
Robert Boyles Law that has to do with gases called Boyles Law (Ryan Friedman came up with the name) Ryan Carson Liz Eder Ryan Friedman Sivan Mills
What is Boyles Law? Gases have physical properties that are related to each other. Boyles Law says that when a gas mass and temperature stays the same, pressure and volume are proportionally inverse. As pressure increases, volume decreases and vice versa.
Equation and Animation P=Pressure V=Volume P 1 xV 1 =P 2 xV 2
Work Citied http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K- 12/airplane/aboyle.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boyle's_law
Charles Law in Charge Law discovered by: Jacques-Alexandre-Cesar Charles
What does it do? At a constant pressure the volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature. V/ T=k As temperature increases volume increases. Charles came up with the idea to test it when he was in a hot air balloon which is a use of the law.
This shows that when the temperature increases the volume increases.