2Standard 7.1.1Study the early strengths and lasting contributions of Rome (e.g., significance of Roman citizenship; rights under Roman law; Roman art, architecture, engineering, and philosophy; preservation and transmission of Christianity) and its ultimate internal weaknesses (e.g., rise of autonomous military powers within the empire, undermining of citizenship by the growth of corruption and slavery, lack of education, and distribution of news).
3Background KnowledgeInternal weakness and outside invasions contributed to the decline of the once great Roman Empire. Nevertheless, Rome left a rich legacy.
4ArchitecturePublic Works - structures built by the government for public use.The Romans built public baths, temples, bridges, forums, and marketplacesStatues, paintings and mosaics decorated buildings
5EngineeringThe Romans invented concrete, which was stronger and easier to use than stone and designed huge arches and domes with it.Concrete was used to build more than 50,000 miles of roads. This network of roads helped unify the empire.
6Water Supplies Public fountains supplied clean water to citizens. Sewer systems carried away wastewater.Public baths were available for all to enjoy.
7Water Supplies Aqueducts carried water from miles away. Comprised of arches, a covered channel and a road or footpath
8Roman Law and LanguageIn 451 B.C., the leaders of the Republic wrote the Twelve Tables. They were posted for all to see.
9Law and CitizenshipAlthough the Twelve Tables changed some ideas stayed constantGood government based on rule of lawAll citizens have equal rights under the lawMulticultural – consisting of many different cultures and religions
10Influence of Roman Law Limited to Roman citizens Rules for foreigners International LawThe United States and many European and Latin nations have been influenced by Roman law.Principles of the Roman Republic, such as equal justice under the law, are part of our government
11The Legacy of LanguageThe Romance languages (Spanish, Italian, French…) are based on Latin, the language of the Romans.Our alphabet is based on the Roman alphabet.
12The Christian Religion Christianity, based on the teachings of the Jewish prophet JesusRoman officials feared a Jewish rebellion and executed JesusEarly Christians were persecuted, but in the 300’s A.D., Emperor Constantine made it the official religion of the Empire.
13Legacy of Ancient Rome Architecture Monuments Forums Public Baths EngineeringConcreteArchesDomesAqueductsLawRule of LawLegal SystemsLanguageRomance LanguagesReligionChristianity